HyperDic: jurisprudencia

Español > 2 sentidos de la palabra jurisprudencia:
NOMBREgroupjurisprudencia, leythe collection of rules imposed by authority
cognitionjurisprudencia, ciencias del derecho, derechothe branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do
Español > jurisprudencia: 2 sentidos > nombre 1, group
SentidoThe collection of rules imposed by authority.
Categoría deDecimoctava enmienda, Enmienda 18ºAn amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1920
John DoeAn unknown or fictitious man who is a party to legal proceedings
John Doe, Richard RoeAn unknown or fictitious party to legal proceedings
Presidente del Tribunal SupremoThe judge who presides over a supreme court
Riot ActA former English law requiring mobs to disperse after a magistrate reads the law to them
abdomen, vientreThe womb
abogacíaThe body of individuals qualified to practice law in a particular jurisdiction
abogada, abogado, defensor, jurista, letrada, letrado, notario, picapleitosA professional person authorized to practice law
abogado, barrister, legalistaA British or Canadian lawyer who speaks in the higher courts of law on behalf of either the defense or prosecution
abogado de oficio, abogado de pobresA lawyer who represents indigent defendants at public expense
abogado defensor, abogado, consejeroA lawyer who pleads / pleads cases in court
abogado defensor, defensaThe lawyer representing the defendant
abogado divorcista, abogado matrimonialistaA lawyer specializing in actions for divorce or annulment
absolución, exculpaciónA judgment of not guilty
abuso sexual, estupro, violaciónA statutory offense that provides that it is a crime to knowingly cause another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act by force or threat
acción, caso, causa, demanda, juicio, litigio, pleito, proceso judicial, proceso, querellaA comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy
acción judicial, diligencia, procedimiento judicial, procedimiento, resolución judicial, trámite, tràmite(law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked
acta, acto, escritura, título, tutelaA legal document signed and sealed / sealed and delivered to effect a transfer of property and to show the legal right to possess it
acta, leyA legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body
acta notarial, affidávit, afidávit, declaración juradawritten declaration made under oath
acto, auto, decreto, decretos, edicto, orden, sentenciaA legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge)
actora, actor, acusadora, acusador, demandante, querellanteA person who brings an action in a court of law
acuerdo escritoA legal document summarizing the agreement between parties
acuerdo judicial, sentencia acordadaAn agreement between two parties that is sanctioned by the court
acusación, demanda, querella(law) a formal accusation against somebody (often in a court of law)
acusada, acusado, defendido, demandado, procesado, querelladoA person or institution against whom an action is brought in a court of law
administración judicial, suspensión de pagosA court action that places property under the control of a receiver during litigation so that it can be preserved for the benefit of all
adopciónA legal proceeding that creates a parent-child relation between persons not related by blood
advertencia de suspensión(law) a formal notice filed with a court or officer to suspend a proceeding until filer is given a hearing
agraviar, dañarinfringe on the rights of
agravio(law) any wrongdoing for which an action for damages may be brought
alegación, alegato(law) a statement in legal and logical form stating something on behalf of a party to a legal proceeding
alegato, disculpa, pretexto(law) a defendant's answer by a factual matter (as distinguished from a demurrer)
alienable, alieniable, enajenable, transferibletransferable to another owner
alterable, conmutable(of the punishment ordered by a court) capable of being changed to one less severe
ama, amo, dueña, dueño, propietaria, propietario(law) someone who owns (is legal possessor of) a business
amicus curiaeAn adviser to the court on some matter of law who is not a party to the case
amnistiar, indultar, perdonargrant a pardon / pardon to
amnistiargrant a pardon / pardon to (a group of people)
amnistía, indulto, perdónThe formal act of liberating someone
amnistía, indulto, perdónA warrant granting release from punishment for an offense
ancestral, hereditario, patrimonial, transmisibleinherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent
anteproyecto, proyecto de leyA statute in draft before it becomes law
anulación, invalidación(law) a formal termination (of a relationship or a judicial proceeding etc)
apelación(law) a legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting / granting of a new trial
apelante, apelatorioOf or relating to or taking account of appeals (usually legal appeals)
apelarmake an allegation in an action or other legal proceeding, especially answer the previous pleading of the other party by denying facts therein stated or by alleging new facts
apoderada, asignatario, beneficiario(law) the party to whom something is assigned (e.g., someone to whom a right or property is legally transferred)
apresar, aprisionar, encarcelarlock up or confine, in or as in a jail
aprobación, promulgaciónThe passing of a law by a legislative body
arbitraje(law) the hearing and determination of a dispute by an impartial referee agreed to by both parties (often used to settle disputes between labor and management)
archivar, censar, registrarrecord in a public office or in a court of law
asignación, cesiónThe instrument by which a claim or right or interest or property is transferred from one person to another
atenuar, mitigar, paliar, remediarlessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of
atestación, atestiguamiento, testificación, testimonioA solemn statement / statement made under oath
atestar, declarar, prestar, testificar, testimoniarGive testimony in a court of law
atrapamientoA defense that claims the defendant would not have broken the law if not tricked into doing it by law enforcement officials
auto de comparecencia, citaciónA summons that commands the appearance of a party at a proceeding
auto judicialA writ issued by a court of law requiring a person to do something or to refrain from doing something
autorización, mandatoA document giving an official instruction or command
bancarrota, insolvencia definitiva, quiebraA legal process intended to insure equality among the creditors of a corporation declared to be insolvent
belicismoThe offense of vexatiously persisting in inciting lawsuits and quarrels
beneficiario(law) someone to whom a title or property is conveyed
beneficio, uso(law) the exercise of the legal right to enjoy / enjoy the benefits of owning property
bienes vitalicios, propiedad vitalicia, usufructo(law) an estate whose duration is limited to the life of the person holding it
bigamiaHaving two spouses at the same time
bonoA certificate or voucher acknowledging a debt / debt
bufete de abogadosA firm of lawyers
carta de administración, letra de administraciónlegal document naming someone to administer an estate when no executor has been named
caso, causa, procesoA judicial proceeding brought by one party against another
castigar, censurar, condenar, sentenciarpronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law
caución judicial, recognisance(law) a security entered into before a court with a condition to perform some act required by law
causa, juicio, procesoThe institution and conduct of legal proceedings against a defendant for criminal behavior
causa probable(law) evidence sufficient to warrant an arrest or search / search and seizure
cedente(law) the party who makes an assignment
censura, condena, reprobación(law) the act of condemning (as land forfeited for public use) or judging / judging to be unfit for use (as a food product or an unsafe building)
certiorariA common ... / common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case
cesión(law) a transfer of property by deed of conveyance
citación, llamamientoA writ issued by authority of law
citación a comparecencia, citación, comparendoA writ issued by court authority to compel the attendance of a witness at a judicial proceeding
ciudadaníaThe status of a citizen with rights and duties
clienta, clienteA person who seeks the advice of a lawyer
coartada(law) a defense by an accused person purporting to show that he or she could not have committed the crime in question
codiciloA supplement to a will
compensación(law) redress awarded by a court
complicidad, connivencia, consentimiento tácito(law) tacit approval of someone's wrongdoing
compraventa, contrato de compraventadocument effecting a property transfer
con intencionalidad(law) deliberately or knowingly
concesiónA grant made by a law court
condena per estupro, condena por violaciónconviction for rape
condena por asesinatoconviction for murder
condena por roboconviction for robbery
condenar, declarar culpableFind or declare guilty
condición jurídica, condición legal, estado legal, estatuto jurídicoA status defined by law
confiscación, embargo, inmovilizaciónplacing private property in the custody of an officer of the law
conminación, enjoinment, entredicho, medida cautelar(law) a judicial remedy issued in order to prohibit a party from doing or continuing to do a certain activity
conmutación(law) the reduction in severity of a punishment imposed by law
connubio, enlace, matrimonio, uniónThe state of being a married couple voluntarily joined / joined for life (or until divorce)
consensuado, consensualExisting by consent
constancia, registroA document that can serve as legal evidence of a transaction
constituciones, constitución, ley fundamentallaw determining the fundamental political principles of a government
contrademanda, demanda reconvencional, reconvenciónA claim filed in opposition to another claim in a legal action
contrademandaA suit brought against someone who has sued you
contrademandarSet up a claim / claim in opposition to a previous claim / claim
contrarréplica(law) a pleading by the plaintiff in reply to the defendant's rejoinder
contraréplica, contrarréplica(law) a pleading by the defendant in reply to a plaintiff's surrejoinder
contratista(law) a party to a contract
contrato de ventaA deed transferring personal property
conveyancerA lawyer who specializes in the business of conveying properties
copia, transcripciónA reproduction of a written record (e.g. of a legal or school record)
corte superior, tribunal superiorAny court that has jurisdiction above an inferior court
corte supremaThe highest federal court in the United States
corte suprema, tribunal supremoThe highest court in most states of the United States
cubrefuego, queda, toque de quedaAn order that after a specific time certain activities (as being outside on the streets) are prohibited
cuerpo del delitoThe body of evidence that constitute the offence
código de leyesA record of the whole body of legislation in a given jurisdiction
código legalA code of laws adopted by a state / state or nation
código penalThe legal code governing crimes and their punishment
deber legalActs which the law requires be done or forborne
debido proceso, derecho a la tutela judicial efectiva, procedimiento judicial, proceso legal, tutela judicial(law) the administration of justice according to established rules and principles
decisión, dictamen, fallo, sentenciaThe reason for a court's judgment (as opposed to the decision itself)
declaración(law) unsworn statement / statement that can be admitted in evidence in a legal transaction
declaración de derechos, ley fundamentalA statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
declarar, demostrar, evidenciar, mostrar, presentar, prestar, probar, revelar, ser testigo, testificar, testimoniarProvide evidence for
declararseEnter a plea, as in courts of law
dejar por inútilprove to be of unsound mind or demonstrate someone's incompetence
delincuencia juvenilAn antisocial misdeed in violation of the law by a minor
demanda civil, demanda vicil, juicio civilA lawsuit alleging violations / violations of civil law by the defendant
demanda colectivaA lawsuit brought by a representative member of a large / large / large group of people on behalf of all members of the group
demanda penal, juicio penal, querella criminalA lawsuit alleging violations of criminal law by the defendant
demurral, excepción, postergación, reparo(law) a formal objection to an opponent's pleadings
denegación, desestimación, sentencia desestimatoriaA judgment disposing of the matter without a trial
departamento de justicia, ministerio de justiciaThe United States federal department responsible / responsible for enforcing federal laws / laws (including the enforcement of all civil rights legislation)
derechoThe learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system
derecho administrativoThe body of rules and regulations and orders and decisions created by administrative agencies of government
derecho al silencio, privilegio(law) the right to refuse / refuse to divulge information obtained in a confidential relationship
derecho al voto, sufragio, votoA legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US Constitution
derecho civil, derecho interno, derecho nacionalThe body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation
derecho de deducción(banking) the legal right of a bank to seize deposited funds to cover a loan that is in default
derecho de entradaThe legal right to take possession of real estate in a peaceable manner
derecho de patentesThe right granted by a patent / patent
derecho de visitaThe right granted by a court to a parent (or other relative) who is deprived of custody of a child to visit the child on a regular basis
derecho del mar, derecho marítimoThe branch of international law that deals with territorial and international waters or with shipping or with ocean fishery etc.
derecho fiscal, derecho tributarioThe body of laws governing taxation
derecho humano, derechos humanos(law) any basic right or freedom to which all human beings are entitled and in whose exercise a government may not interfere (including rights ... / rights to life and liberty as well as freedom of thought and expression and equality before the law)
derecho internacionalThe body of laws governing relations / relations between nations
derecho mercantilThe body of rules applied to commercial transactions
derecho militarThe body of laws and rules of conduct administered by military courts for the discipline, trial, and punishment of military personnel
derecho penalThe body of law dealing with crimes and their punishment
derecho públicoA law affecting the public at large
derechos civilesRight or rights belonging to a person by reason of citizenship including especially the fundamental freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the 13th and 14th amendments and subsequent acts of Congress including the right to legal and social and economic equality
derivado financiero, instrumento derivadoA financial instrument whose value is based on another security
derogación(law) the partial taking ... / taking away of the effectiveness of a law
desacatoA willful disobedience to or disrespect for the authority of a court or legislative body
desahucio, desalojoThe expulsion of someone (such as a tenant / tenant) from the possession of land by process of law
desahucio, desalojoaction by a landlord that compels a tenant / tenant to leave the premises (as by rendering the premises unfit for occupancy)
desahucio, deshaucioA wrongful / wrongful dispossession
descargoA legal document evidencing the discharge of a debt or obligation
despenalización, legalizaciónThe act of making lawful / lawful
detención ilegal(law) confinement without legal authority
devolver, entregar, presentar, referir, rendir, retornar, sometermake over as a return
dictamen, obiter dictumAn opinion voiced by a judge on a point of law not directly bearing on the case in question and therefore / therefore not binding
discutibleOf no legal significance (as having been previously decided)
disentimiento(law) the difference of one judge's opinion from that of the majority
disolución del matrimonioAn annulment of a marriage
disposiciones testamentarias(law) a gift of real property by will
disposición, mandato, orden, requisitoria(law) a legal document issued by a court or judicial officer
divorcio, separaciónThe legal dissolution of a marriage
doctrina judicial, principio judicial, principio legal(law) a principle underlying the formulation of jurisprudence
documento judicial, documento jurídico, documento legal, documento oficial, instrumento(law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right
domicilio(law) the residence where you have your permanent home or principal establishment and to where, whenever you are absent, you intend to return
ejecutoria, mandamiento de ejecuciónA routine court order that attempts to enforce the judgment that has been granted to a plaintiff by authorizing a sheriff to carry it out
ejercicio del derechoThe practice of law
embargo de nóminaA court order to an employer to withhold all or part of an employee's wages and to send the money to the court or to the person who won a lawsuit against the employee
enajenaciónAn order to an offending party to rid itself of property
encarcelamientoputting someone in prison or in jail as lawful / lawful / lawful punishment
encontronazoAn unpremeditated killing of a human being in self defense
escribana, escribano, notaria, notariosomeone legally empowered to witness signatures and certify a document's validity and to take depositions
escritura de propiedadA legal document proving a person's right to property
escritura de renunciadocument transferring title or right or claim to another
escritura fiduciariaA written instrument legally conveying property to a trustee often used to secure an obligation such as a mortgage or promissory note
esencial, sustancial, sustantivoDefining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established
estado civilThe condition of being married or unmarried
estatut, estatuto, leyAn act passed by a legislative body
etiquetar, rotularmake a summary or abstract of a legal document and inscribe it in a list
evidencia, prueba(law) all the means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved
evidencia circunstancial, pruebas circunstancialesevidence providing only a basis for inference about the fact in dispute
evidencia directaevidence (usually the testimony of a witness) directly related to the fact in dispute
excepciónAn answer indicating why a suit should be dismissed
exclusiónThe act of prevention by legal means
experto legal, jurisconsulto, jurisperito, juristaA legal scholar versed in civil law or the law of nations
fallo, sentencia(law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
falloThe decision of a court on issues of fact or law
fbi, F.B.I., FBI, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Oficina Federal de InvestigaciónA federal law enforcement agency that is the principal investigative arm of the Department of Justice
fianzaThe legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody (usually on condition that a sum of money guarantees their appearance at trial)
fiduciarioA person (or institution) to whom legal title to property is entrusted to use for another's benefit
fieri faciasA writ ordering a levy on the belongings of a debtor to satisfy the debt
fiscal, procuradora, procuradorA government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state
fiscalidadA legal system for assessing and collecting taxes
fundamentación, fundamento, principio(law) an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially an explanation of the working of some device in terms of laws of nature)
fungibleOf goods or commodities
gran jurado, jurado de acusacionesA jury to inquire into accusations of crime and to evaluate the grounds for indictments
habeas corpus, hábeas corpus, hábeasThe civil right to obtain a writ of habeas corpus as protection against illegal imprisonment
habeas corpus, hábeasA writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge
heredad, herencia, legado(law) a gift of personal property by will
herencia, legado, patrimonioThat which is inherited
igualdad de oportunidadesThe right to equivalent opportunities for employment regardless of race or color or sex or national origin
imperio de la leyA state of order in which events conform to the law
inconmutableOf a sentence
incumplimiento del deber(law) breach of a duty
indebidonot appropriate or proper (or even legal) in the circumstances
inhabilitaciónThe act of expelling a lawyer from the practice of law
interdicciónA court order prohibiting a party from doing a certain activity
interdicto permanenteinjunction issued on completion of a trial
intervención(law) a proceeding that permits a person to enter into a lawsuit already in progress
interventor(law) a party who interposes in a pending proceeding
interés, participación(law) a right or legal share of something
interés personal(law) an interest in which there is a fixed right to present or future enjoyment and that can be conveyed to another
intestadoHaving made no legally valid will before death or not disposed of by a legal will
inválido, nulolacking any legal or binding force
inyectarse en vena, revisiónA new trial in which issues already litigated and to which the court has already rendered a verdict or decision are reexamined by the same court
juez de pazA local magistrate with limited powers
juez procesalA judge in a trial court
juicio, proceso(law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law
juicio declarativoA judgment pronounced on the status of some particular subject / subject or property or thing (as opposed to one pronounced on persons)
juicio sumarioA judgment rendered by the court prior to a verdict because no material issue of fact exists and one party or the other is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law
jurisdicción(law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law
jus sanguinisThe principle that a person's nationality at birth is the same as that of his natural parents
jus soliThe principle that a person's nationality at birth is determined by the place of birth
juzgado de guardiaA court that has power to prosecute for minor offenses and to bind over for trial in a superior court anyone accused / accused of serious offenses
juzgado de instrucciónThe first court before which the facts of a case are decided
legalizarEstablish the legal validity of (wills and other documents)
legislaciónThe act of making or enacting laws
legislación, ley estatutarialaw enacted by a legislative body
legislación delegadalegislation that gives appropriate officials the authority to implement or enforce the law
legisladorA maker of laws
legisladora, legisladorsomeone who makes or enacts laws
leylegal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity
ley marcialThe body of law imposed by the military over civilian affairs (usually in time of war or civil crisis)
ley sobre drogasA law forbidding the sale or use of narcotic drugs
libeloThe written statement of a plaintiff explaining the cause of action (the defamation) and any relief he seeks
libeloA false / false and malicious publication printed for the purpose of defaming a living person
libertad civilfundamental individual right protected by law and expressed as immunity from unwarranted governmental interference
libertad condicional(law) a conditional release from imprisonment that entitles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with
libertad condicional(law) a way of dealing with offenders without imprisoning them
libertad de culto, libertad de religiónA civil right guaranteed by the First Amendment to the US Constitution
libertad de discriminaciónImmunity from discrimination on the basis of race or sex / sex or nationality / nationality or religion or age
libertad de expresiónA civil right guaranteed by the First Amendment to the US Constitution
libertad de prensaA right guaranteed by the First Amendment to the US Constitution
libertad de reuniónThe right to peaceably assemble and to petition the government for redress of grievances
licencia, permisoA legal document giving official permission to do something
limitación, prescripción(law) a time period after which suits cannot be brought
liquidador(law) a person (usually appointed by a court of law) who liquidates assets or preserves them for the benefit of affected parties
litigación, litigio, pleitoA legal proceeding in a court
litigante(law) a party to a lawsuit
litispendenciaA pending lawsuit
mandamusAn extraordinary writ commanding an official to perform a ministerial act that the law recognizes as an absolute duty and not a matter for the official's discretion
mandato, poder, poder notarial, procuración, procura, representación legalA legal instrument authorizing someone to act as the grantor's agent
manifiestoA customs document listing the contents put on a ship or plane
mayorOf full legal age
menor, menor de edadnot of legal age
mens rea(law) criminal intent
messuage, parcela(law) a dwelling house and its adjacent buildings and the adjacent land used by the household
ministro de justiciaThe chief law officer of a country or state
multaA summons issued to an offender (especially to someone who violates a traffic regulation)
naturalizaciónThe proceeding whereby a foreigner is granted citizenship
negaciónA defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him
notario, procurador de los tribunalesA British lawyer who gives legal advice and prepares legal documents
notificaciónAn accusation of crime made by a grand jury on its own initiative
objeción(law) a procedure whereby a party to a suit says that a particular line of questioning or a particular witness or a piece of evidence or other matter is improper and should not be continued and asks the court to rule on its impropriety or illegality
obstrucción(law) a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation / legislation by making long speeches
orden, orden policial, warrantA writ from a court commanding police to perform specified acts
orden de arresto, orden de detenciónA warrant authorizing law enforcement officials to apprehend an offender and bring that person to court
orden de ejecución, sentencia de muerteA warrant to execute the death sentence
orden de registroA warrant authorizing law enforcement officials to search for objects or people involved in the commission of a crime and to produce them in court
orden de secuestroA writ that authorizes the seizure of property
palacio de justiciaA building that houses judicial courts
paralegalA person with specialized training who assists lawyers
parteA person involved in legal proceedings
pasaporteA document issued by a country to a citizen allowing that person to travel abroad and re-enter the home country
patenteAn official document granting a right or privilege
plusvalía(law) an increase / increase / increase in a beneficiary's share in an estate (as when a co-beneficiary dies or fails to meet some condition or rejects the inheritance)
por ello(in formal usage, especially legal usage) for that or for it
preferirGive preference to one creditor over another
premeditación(law) thought and intention to commit a crime well in advance of the crime
presentación(law) the act of exhibiting in a court of law
presunción(law) an inference of the truth of a fact from other facts proved or admitted or judicially / judicially noticed
probatoriopertaining to or constituting evidence
procesalRelating to court practice and procedure as opposed to the principles of law
procuradorA lawyer who specializes in defending clients before a court of law
promulgador(law) one who promulgates laws (announces a law as a way of putting it into execution)
quo warrantoA hearing to determine by what authority someone has an office or franchise or liberty
rapto, secuestro(law) the unlawful / unlawful / unlawful act of capturing and carrying away a person against their will and holding them in false imprisonment
recondenar, volver a condenarconvict anew
recurso(law) a judicial reexamination of the proceedings of a court (especially by an appellate court)
recusación(law) the disqualification of a judge or jury by reason of prejudice or conflict of interest
recusación(law) an objection grounded on the judge's relationship to one of the parties
recusarchallenge or except to a judge as being incompetent or interested, in canon and civil law
recusarRaise a formal objection in a court of law
recusardisqualify oneself (as a judge) in a particular case
reeditarrevive (a cancelled will or a libel)
remanente, residual, restanteentitled to the residue of an estate (after payment of debts and specific gifts)
repregunta(law) close questioning of a hostile witness in a court of law to discredit or throw a new light on the testimony already provided in direct examination
representación legalpersonal representation that has legal status
representante legalA personal representative with legal standing (as by power of attorney or the executor of a will)
rescisión(law) the act of rescinding
respuesta evasiva(law) an answer by a defendant that fails to admit or deny the allegations set forth in the complaint / complaint
reversible, reversionarioOf or relating to or involving a reversion (especially a legal reversion)
reversión(law) an interest in an estate that reverts to the grantor (or his heirs) at the end of some period (e.g., the death of the grantee)
reversiónA reversion to the state / state (as the ultimate owner of property) in the absence of legal heirs
revertibleTo be returned to the former owner or that owner's heirs
revisión judicialreview by a court of law of actions of a government official or entity or of some other legally appointed person or body or the review by an appellate court of the decision of a trial court
revocaciónA judgment by a higher court that the judgment of a lower court was incorrect and should be set aside
réplica(law) a pleading made by a plaintiff in reply to the defendant's plea or answer
réplica(law) a pleading made by a defendant in response to the plaintiff's replication
sala de justicia, salaA room in which a lawcourt sits
scire faciasA judicial writ based on some record and requiring the party against whom it is brought to show cause why the record should not be enforced or annulled / annulled
sediciónAn illegal action inciting resistance / resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government
sentenciaThe legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision
sentencia generalAn ordinary verdict declaring which party prevails without any special findings of fact
separación jurídica, separación legalA judicial decree regulating the rights and responsibilities of a married couple living apart
separación legal(law) the cessation of cohabitation of man and wife (either by mutual agreement / agreement or under a court order)
servidumbre(law) the privilege of using something that is not your own (as using another's land as a right of way to your own land)
sistema de votación, sistema electoralA legal system for making democratic choices
soborno del testigo(law) inducing someone to make a false oath as part of a judicial proceeding
subrogación(law) the act of substituting of one creditor for another
sumatoriaA concluding summary (as in presenting a case before a law court)
testadoHaving made a legally valid will before death
testamento, voluntadA legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die
testamento vitalA document written by someone still legally capable requesting that he should be allowed to die if subsequently severely disabled or suffering terminal illness
testigo(law) a person who testifies under oath in a court of law
testimonio(law) a person who attests to the genuineness of a document or signature by adding their own signature
tribunal(law) the seat for judges in a courtroom
tribunal militarA judicial court of commissioned officers for the discipline and punishment of military personnel
tribunal testamentarioA court having jurisdiction over the probate of wills and the administration of estates
tríplica(law) a pleading by the plaintiff in reply to the defendant's rebutter
unión consensualA marriage relationship created by agreement and cohabitation rather than by ceremony
usufructoA legal right to use and derive profit from property belonging to someone else provided that the property itself is not injured in any way
venire(law) a group of people summoned for jury service (from whom a jury will be chosen)
veredicto(law) the findings of a jury on issues of fact submitted to it for decision
verificación(law) an affidavit attached to a statement / statement confirming the truth of that statement / statement
verificarattach or append a legal verification to (a pleading or petition)
vista(law) a proceeding (usually by a court) where evidence is taken for the purpose of determining an issue of fact and reaching a decision based on that evidence
Partesleylegal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity
Específicoderecho administrativoThe body of rules and regulations and orders and decisions created by administrative agencies of government
derecho canónicoThe body of codified laws governing the affairs of a Christian church
derecho civil, derecho interno, derecho nacionalThe body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation
derecho fiscal, derecho tributarioThe body of laws governing taxation
derecho internacionalThe body of laws governing relations / relations between nations
derecho mercantilThe body of rules applied to commercial transactions
derecho militarThe body of laws and rules of conduct administered by military courts for the discipline, trial, and punishment of military personnel
ley marcialThe body of law imposed by the military over civilian affairs (usually in time of war or civil crisis)
ley musulmana, sharia, sharíaThe code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed
Generalacumulación, colección, conjunto, cúmulo, grupo, hatajo, hatoSeveral things grouped together or considered as a whole
Ingléslaw, jurisprudence
Catalánjurisprudència, llei
Adjetivojurisprudencial, legalOf or relating to jurisprudence
Nombresexperto legal, jurisconsulto, jurisperito, juristaA legal scholar versed in civil law or the law of nations
árbitro, jueza, juez, magistrado, togadoA public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
Español > jurisprudencia: 2 sentidos > nombre 2, cognition
SentidoThe branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do.
Sinónimosciencias del derecho, derecho
Específicoderecho contractualThat branch of jurisprudence that studies the rights and obligations of parties entering into contracts
derecho empresarialThat branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing corporations
derecho matrimonialThat branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing matrimony
GeneralfilosofíaThe rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
Inglésjurisprudence, law, legal philosophy
Adjetivojurisprudencialrelating to the science or philosophy of law or a system of laws
jurídicoOf or relating to the law or jurisprudence
Nombresexperto legal, jurisconsulto, jurisperito, juristaA legal scholar versed in civil law or the law of nations
árbitro, jueza, juez, magistrado, togadoA public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice

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