HyperDic: alter

English > 5 senses of the word alter:
VERBchangealter, change, modifycause to change
changealter, change, varybecome different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics / characteristics or essence
creationaltermake an alteration to
changealter, interpolate, falsifyinsert words into texts, often falsifying / falsifying / falsifying it thereby
bodyalter, neuter, spay, castrateremove the ovaries of
alter > pronunciation
Rhymesabductor ... zoster: 649 rhymes with ter...
English > alter: 5 senses > verb 1, change
MeaningCause to change; make different; cause a transformation.
PatternSomebody ----s something; Somebody ----s somebody; Something ----s somebody; Something ----s something
Example"The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"
Synonymschange, modify
Cause tochangeUndergo a change
NarrowerAmericanize, Americanisemake American in character
Europeanize, Europeanisedenationalize and subject (a territory) to the supervision of an agency of a European community of nations
Europeanize, Europeanisemake (continental) European in customs, character, or ideas
Frenchifymake French in appearance or character
Islamize, IslamiseCause to conform to Islamic law
accelerate, speed, speed upCause to move faster
acerbatemake sour or bitter
acetylate, acetylize, acetyliseintroduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound)
achromatize, achromatiseRemove color from
activatemake active or more active
activatemake (substances) radioactive
activate, aerateaerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter
activatemake more adsorptive
adjust, set, correctalter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard
affectact physically on
affect, impact, bear upon, bear on, touch on, touchHave an effect upon
agemake older
alchemize, alchemiseAlter (elements) by alchemy
alcoholize, alcoholisemake alcoholic, as by fermenting
alkalinize, alkalinisemake (a substance) alkaline
allegorize, allegorisemake into an allegory
altermake an alteration to
angulatemake or become angular
animize, animise, animateGive lifelike qualities to
antiquatemake obsolete or old-fashioned
antique, antiquateGive an antique appearance to
archaize, archaiseGive an archaic appearance of character to
arterialize, arterialisechange venous blood into arterial blood
ashconvert into ashes
assimilatemake similar
automatize, automatise, automatemake automatic or control or operate automatically
automatize, automatiseTurn into an automaton
awaken, wake, waken, rouse, wake up, arouseCause to become awake or conscious
barbProvide with barbs
barbarize, barbarisemake crude or savage in behavior or speech
bestialize, bestialisemake brutal and depraved
better, improve, amend, ameliorate, meliorateTo make better
blindmake blind by putting the eyes out
blisterCause blisters to form on
bluntmake less sharp / sharp / sharp
blur, blearmake dim or indistinct
blurTo make less distinct / distinct or clear
boilBring to, or maintain at, the boiling point
break, break upDestroy the completeness of a set of related items
break down, crushmake ineffective
brighten, lighten up, lightenmake lighter or brighter / brighter
bring, landBring into a different state
bringCause to come into a particular state or condition
brutalize, brutalise, animalize, animalisemake brutal, unfeeling, or inhuman
bubbleCause to form bubbles
calcifyconvert into lime
campGive an artificially banal or sexual quality to
capturebring about the capture / capture of an elementary particle or celestial body and causing it enter a new orbit
cause to sleepmake fall asleep
centralize, centralise, concentratemake central
change intensityincrease / increase or decrease in intensity
change tasteAlter the flavor of
chargeCause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
chargeFill or load to capacity
chasten, temperrestrain
check, retard, delaySlow the growth or development of
circularizemake circular
civilize, civiliseRaise from a barbaric to a civilized state
clarifymake clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating
classicize, classicisemake classic or classical
clean, make cleanmake clean by removing dirt, filth, or unwanted substances from
clearmake clear, bright / bright, light, or translucent
clot, coagulateCause to change from a liquid / liquid to a solid or thickened state
cloudMake less clear
coarsenmake less subtle or refined
coarsenmake or become coarse or coarser
cohereCause to form a united, orderly, and aesthetically consistent whole
color, colorize, colorise, colourise, colourize, colour, color in, colour inadd color to
commercialize, commercialise, marketmake commercial
communize, communise, bolshevize, bolshevisemake Communist or bring in accord / accord with Communist principles
commute, convert, exchangeExchange a penalty for a less severe one
complicate, perplexmake more complicated
complicate, refine, rarify, elaboratemake more complex, intricate, or richer
condense, concentrate, contractcompress or concentrate
confuse, blur, obscure, obnubilatemake unclear, indistinct, or blurred
constitutionalize, constitutionaliseincorporate into a constitution, make constitutional
contaminatemake radioactive by adding radioactive material
conventionalize, conventionalisemake conventional or adapt to conventions
convert, change overchange from one system to another or to a new plan or policy
convertchange the nature, purpose, or function of something
convertCause to adopt a new or different faith
cookTransform by heating
cool, chill, cool downmake cool or cooler
corrupt, pervert, subvert, demoralize, demoralise, debauch, debase, profane, vitiate, deprave, misdirectcorrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality
counterchange, transpose, interchangeCause to change places
crackCause to become cracked
cryBring into a particular state by crying
customize, customisemake according to requirements
damageinflict damage / damage upon
darkenmake dark or darker
de-emphasize, de-emphasise, destressReduce the emphasis
deaden, bluntmake less lively, intense, or vigorous
deadenmake vapid or deprive of spirit
deaminate, deaminizeRemove the amino radical (usually by hydrolysis) from an amino compound
decarboxylateRemove a carboxyl group from (a chemical compound)
decelerate, slow downReduce the speed of
decentralize, deconcentrate, decentralisemake less central
decimalize, decimalisechange from fractions to decimals
decorate, adorn, grace, ornament, embellish, beautifymake more attractive by adding ornament, colour / colour, etc.
decrease, lessen, minifymake smaller
decrepitateTo roast or calcine so as to cause to crackle or until crackling stops
deflateproduce deflation in
deformmake formless
dehydrogenateRemove hydrogen from
demagnetize, demagnetise, degaussmake nonmagnetic
demist, defogFree from mist
democratize, democratiseintroduce democratic reforms
demonize, demonisemake into a demon
demulsifyCause to demulsify
demythologize, demythologiseRemove the mythical element from (writings)
denationalize, denationaliseput under private control or ownership
denaturalize, denaturalisestrip of the rights and duties of citizenship
denaturalize, denaturalisemake less natural or unnatural
denaturemake (alcohol) unfit for drinking without impairing usefulness for other purposes
denaturemodify (as a native protein) especially by heat, acid, alkali, or ultraviolet radiation so that all of the original properties are removed or diminished
denatureadd nonfissionable material to (fissionable material) so as to make unsuitable for use in an atomic bomb
deodorize, deodorise, deodouriseEliminate the odor from
depersonalize, depersonalise, objectifymake impersonal or present as an object
depolarize, depolariseEliminate the polarization of
desensitize, desensitisemake insensitive
desensitize, desensitiseCause not to be sensitive
destabilize, destabilisemake unstable / unstable
detransitivize, detransitivise, intransitivize, intransitiviseIntransitivize
devaluelower the value or quality of
develop, make growCause to grow and differentiate in ways conforming to its natural development
developmake visible by means of chemical solutions
devilize, devilise, diabolize, diaboliseTurn into a devil or make devilish
digitize, digitise, digitalize, digitaliseput into digital form, as for use in a computer
dingemake dingy / dingy
dirty, soil, begrime, grime, colly, bemiremake soiled, filthy, or dirty
disable, disenable, incapacitatemake unable to perform a certain action
discolorCause to lose or change color
disharmonize, dissonateCause to sound harsh and unpleasant
disintegrateCause to undergo fission or lose particles
disorder, disarrayBring disorder to
disqualify, unfit, indisposemake unfit or unsuitable
dissimilatemake dissimilar / dissimilar
dissolve, dismissdeclare void
dissolveCause to fade away
diversifymake (more) diverse
dizzymake dizzy or giddy
domesticate, domesticize, domesticise, reclaim, tameOvercome the wildness of
dopeadd impurities to (a semiconductor) in order to produce or modify its properties
drawBring or lead someone to a certain action / action or condition
dry, dry outRemove the moisture from and make dry
dullmake dull in appearance
dull, bluntmake dull or blunt
dynamize, dynamisemake (a drug) effective
dynamize, dynamisemake more dynamic
ease up, ease off, let upReduce pressure or intensity
edit, redactPrepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting
edit, cut, edit outcut and assemble the components of
embrittlemake brittle / brittle
emptymake void or empty of contents
emulsifyCause to become an emulsion
enableRender capable or able for some task
end, terminateBring to an end or halt
equal, match, equalize, equalise, equatemake equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching
eroticize, sex upGive erotic character to or make more interesting
estrange, alienate, disaffectArouse hostility or indifference / indifference in where there had formerly been love, affection, or friendliness
etherealize, etherialisemake ethereal
etiolatemake pale or sickly
etiolatebleach and alter the natural development of (a green plant) by excluding sunlight
evaporate, vaporiseCause to change into a vapor
even, even outBecome even / even / even / even / even or more even / even / even / even / even
exciteproduce a magnetic field in
excite, energize, energiseRaise to a higher energy level
extend, expandExpand the influence of
exteriorize, exteriorise, externalize, externalise, objectifymake external or objective, or give reality to
fatten, fat, flesh out, fill out, plump, plump out, fatten out, fatten upmake fat or plump
feminize, feminise, effeminize, effeminise, womanizeTo give a (more) feminine, effeminate, or womanly quality or appearance to
fertilize, fecundate, fertilisemake fertile or productive
fill, fill up, make fullmake full, also in a metaphorical sense
fix, prepare, set up, ready, gear up, setmake ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc
flatten, droplower the pitch of (musical notes)
flocculateCause to become a fluffy or lumpy aggregate
freezeCause to freeze / freeze
fullmake (a garment) fuller by pleating or gathering
gelatinize, gelatiniseconvert into gelatinous form or jelly
glamorize, glamourise, glamourize, glamorisemake glamorous and attractive
glorifybestow glory upon
habituate, accustommake psychologically or physically used (to something)
harmonize, harmonise, chordBring into consonance, harmony, or accord while making music or singing
harshenmake harsh / harsh / harsh / harsh / harsh / harsh or harsher / harsher / harsher / harsher / harsher / harsher
heat, heat upmake hot or hotter
huetake on color or become colored
humanize, humanisemake more humane
humbleCause to be unpretentious
hydrogenatecombine or treat with or expose to hydrogen
immaterialize, immaterialise, unsubstantialize, unsubstantialiseRender immaterial or incorporeal
immortalize, immortalise, eternize, eternise, eternalize, eternalisemake famous forever
inactivate, deactivatemake inactive
incandesceCause to become incandescent or glow
increasemake bigger or more
indisposeCause to feel unwell
industrialize, industrialiseorganize (the production of something) into an industry
inflateCause prices to rise by increasing the available currency or credit
informGive character or essence to
inseminate, fecundate, fertilize, fertiliseintroduce semen into (a female)
insulateprotect from heat, cold, or noise by surrounding with insulating material
intensifymake the chemically affected part of (a negative) denser or more opaque in order produce a stronger contrast between light and dark
internationalize, internationalisemake international in character
introvertTurn inside
invalidate, void, vitiatetake away the legal force of or render ineffective
invertmake an inversion (in a musical composition)
iodinateCause to combine with iodine
ionateadd ions to
isomerize, isomeriseCause to change into an isomer
laicize, laiciseReduce to lay status
legitimatemake (an illegitimate child) legitimate
lend, impart, bestow, contribute, add, bringbestow a quality on
liberalize, liberalisemake liberal or more liberal, of laws and rules
lifehackMake one's day-to-day activities more efficient
lift, raise, elevateRaise in rank or condition
liquefy, liquify, liquidize, liquidisemake (a solid substance) liquid, as by heating
loosen, loosemake loose or looser
loosenmake less dense
loudenCause to become loud
lower, depressCause to drop or sink
lubricatemake slippery or smooth through the application of a lubricant
magnetize, magnetisemake magnetic
make, getGive certain properties to something
makeCause to be enjoyable or pleasurable
makechange from one form into another
markmake or leave a mark on
masculinize, masculinise, virilize, viriliseproduce virilism in or cause to assume / assume masculine characteristics / characteristics, as through a hormonal imbalance or hormone therapy
masculinizeGive a masculine appearance or character to
mechanize, mechanisemake mechanical
mechanize, mechanisemake monotonous
militarize, militariseAdopt for military use
militarize, militariselend a military character to (a country) , as by building up a military force
mince, soften, moderatemake less severe or harsh / harsh / harsh / harsh / harsh / harsh
mix, mingle, commix, unify, amalgamateTo bring or combine together or with something else
morphCause to change shape in a computer animation
muddymake turbid
mythologize, mythologise, mythicize, mythicisemake into a myth
nationalize, nationaliseput under state control or ownership
nationalize, nationalisemake national in character or scope
naturalize, naturalisemake into a citizen
naturalize, naturalisemake more natural or lifelike
nazifyCause or force to adopt Nazism or a Nazi character
neutralize, neutralisemake chemically neutral
neutralizemake politically neutral and thus inoffensive
nickdivide or reset the tail muscles of
normalize, normalise, renormalize, renormalisemake normal or cause to conform to a norm or standard
obfuscatemake obscure or unclear
obscure, bedim, overcloudmake obscure or unclear
obscure, blot out, obliterate, veil, hidemake undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing
occidentalize, occidentalise, westernize, westernisemake western in character
officialize, officialisemake official
opacifymake opaque
opalize, opalisemake opalescent
opsonizemake (cells) more susceptible to the action of phagocytes
orientalize, orientalisemake oriental in character
ossifyCause to become hard and bony
outmodemake unfashionable, outdated, or obsolete
oxidize, oxidise, oxidateadd oxygen to or combine with oxygen
oxygenize, oxygenisechange (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part
paganize, paganisemake pagan in character
pallCause to become flat
parallel, collimatemake or place parallel to something
patentmake open to sight or notice
personalize, personalise, individualize, individualisemake personal or more personal
piggybackBring into alignment with
plasticize, plasticisemake plastic, as by the addition of a plasticizer
poison, envenomadd poison to
polarize, polariseCause to vibrate in a definite pattern
politicize, politiciseGive a political character to
portModify (software) for use on a different machine or platform
professionalize, professionalisemake professional or give a professional character to
proofactivate by mixing / mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk
prostrateRender helpless or defenseless
purify, purge, sanctifymake pure or free from sin or guilt
putCause to be in a certain state
radicalizemake more radical in social or political outlook
rarefy, sublimate, subtilizemake more subtle or refined
rarefylessen the density / density or solidity of
rationalize, rationaliseRemove irrational quantities from
recombineCause genetic recombination
recommendmake attractive or acceptable
reconstructCause somebody to adapt or reform socially or politically
refinemake more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of
reflate(economics) raise demand, expand the money supply, or raise prices, after a period of deflation
reform, reclaim, regenerate, rectifyBring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one
refresh, freshen, refreshenmake fresh again
relax, loosenmake less severe or strict / strict / strict / strict / strict
remodel, reconstruct, redoDo over, as of (part of) a house
restore, reinstate, reestablishbring back into original existence, use, function, or position
revolutionize, revolutionise, overturnchange radically
rightput in or restore to an upright position
right, compensate, redress, correctmake reparations or amends for
ripen, matureCause to ripen or develop fully
romanticize, romanticisemake romantic in style
round off, round down, round out, roundExpress as a round number
rusticatelend a rustic character to
sanitize, sanitisemake less offensive or more acceptable by removing objectionable features
saponifyconvert into soap by hydrolizing an ester into an acid and alcohol as a result of treating it with an alkali
saturateCause (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
sauceadd zest or flavor to, make more interesting
schematize, schematiseGive conventional form to
scramblemake unintelligible
sensitize, sensitise, sensify, sensibilize, sensibilisemake sensitive or aware
sensitize, sensitisemake (a material) sensitive to light, often of a particular colour, by coating / coating it with a photographic emulsion
sensitize, sensitisemake sensitive to a drug or allergen
sentimentalize, sentimentalisemake (someone or something) sentimental or imbue with sentimental qualities
setput into a certain state
sexualize, sexualisemake sexual, endow with sex, attribute sex to
shadeVary slightly
shakeBring to a specified condition by or as if by shaking
shallow, shoalmake shallow
shape, formGive shape or form to
sharpenRaise the pitch of (musical notes)
sharpenmake sharp / sharp / sharp / sharp or sharper / sharper / sharper / sharper
shiftMove from one setting or context to another
shortenmake short or shorter
simplifymake simpler or easier or reduce in complexity or extent
slenderize, slenderisemake slender or appear to be slender
smutmake obscene
soberCause to become sober
socialize, socialisemake conform to socialist ideas and philosophies
softenmake soft or softer
solemnize, solemnisemake solemn and grave
solvateCause a solvation in (a substance)
spice, spice upmake more interesting or flavorful
spike, lace, fortifyadd alcohol to (beverages)
sputterCause to undergo a process in which atoms are removed
stabilize, stabilisemake stable and keep from fluctuating or put into an equilibrium
stainproduce or leave stains
steepenmake steeper
stiffenmake stiff or stiffer
stillmake motionless
straighten, straighten outmake straight
strengthen, beef up, fortifymake strong or stronger
stringProvide with strings
substitute, replace, interchange, exchangeput in the place of another
suburbanize, suburbanisemake suburban in character
supercharge, pressurize, pressuriseincrease the pressure on a gas or liquid / liquid
supplemake pliant and flexible
suspendCause to be held in suspension in a fluid
suspend, set asidemake inoperative or stop
sweetenmake sweeter, more pleasant, or more agreeable / agreeable
switch, change over, shiftmake a shift in or exchange of
symmetrize, symmetrisemake symmetric
synchronize, synchronisemake (motion picture sound) exactly simultaneous with the action
tame, chasten, subduecorrect by punishment or discipline
tender, tenderize, tenderisemake tender or more tender as by marinating, pounding, or applying a tenderizer
tenseincrease the tension on
territorialize, territorialiseplace on a territorial basis
thicken, inspissatemake thick or thicker
thinkBring into a given condition by mental preoccupation
tighten, fastenmake tight / tight or tighter / tighter
tone down, moderate, tamemake less strong or intense
touch, disturbtamper with
transaminatechange (an amino group) by transferring it from one compound to another
transfigure, glorify, spiritualizeelevate or idealize, in allusion to Christ's transfiguration
transform, transmute, transubstantiatechange or alter in form, appearance, or nature
transformsubject to a mathematical transformation
transformincrease or decrease (an alternating current or voltage)
transformchange (a bacterial cell) into a genetically distinct cell by the introduction of DNA from another cell of the same or closely related species
transformconvert (one form of energy) to another
transitivize, transitivisemake transitive
translate, transformchange from one form or medium into another
transmuteAlter the nature of (elements)
transposechange key
turnCause to change or turn into something different
turn back, invert, reverseTurn inside out or upside down
uglifymake ugly
unclutter, clearRid of obstructions
uniformize, uniformisemake uniform / uniform / uniform / uniform
unite, unify, mergejoin or combine
unite, unifyBring together for a common purpose or action or ideology or in a shared situation
unsanctifyRemove the sanctification from or make unsanctified
unscramblemake intelligible
unsexRemove the qualities typical of one's sex
untie, undo, loosenCause to become loose
untuneCause to be out of tune
urbanize, urbanisemake more industrial or city-like
urbanize, urbaniseImpart urban habits, ways of life, or responsibilities upon
validatemake valid or confirm the validity of
variegatechange the appearance of, especially by marking with different colors
vascularize, vascularisemake vascular
ventilateFurnish with an opening to allow air to circulate or gas to escape
verbifymake into a verb
vesiculateCause to become vesicular or full of air cells
visualize, visualisemake visible
vitalize, vitaliseGive life to
vitrifychange into glass or a glass-like substance by applying heat
vivifymake more striking or animated
volatilize, volatilisemake volatile
vulgarise, vulgarizedebase and make vulgar
warmmake warm or warmer
weakenlessen the strength of
weaponizemake into or use as a weapon or a potential weapon
wetCause to become wet
widenmake wider
worsen, aggravate, exacerbate, exasperatemake worse
Spanishalterar, cambiar, modificar, mudar, retocar, transformar, variar
Catalanalterar, canviar, modificar, retocar, transformar, variar
Adjectivesalterablecapable of being changed or altered in some characteristic
Nounsalterationthe act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment)
alterationan event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another
English > alter: 5 senses > verb 2, change
MeaningBecome different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics / characteristics or essence.
PatternSomething ----s; Somebody ----s
Synonymschange, vary
Narroweradapt, accommodatemake fit for, or change to suit a new purpose
alternate, jumpgo back and forth
avianize, avianiseTo modify microorganisms by repeated culture in the developing chick embryo
breakVary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity
crackleTo become, or to cause to become, covered with a network of small cracks
diversify, branch out, broadenVary in order to spread risk or to expand
diversify, radiateSpread into new habitats and produce variety or variegate
honeycombmake full of cavities, like a honeycomb
let out, widenmake (clothes) larger / larger
modulateVary the frequency, amplitude, phase, or other characteristic / characteristic of (electromagnetic waves)
moveGo or proceed from one point to another
specialize, specialise, narrow, narrow downBecome more focus on an area of activity or field of study
take inmake (clothes) smaller
Spanishalterar, cambiar, mudar, transformar, variar
Catalanalterar-se, alterar, canviar, desfigurar-se, desfigurar, mudar, reformar, transformar-se, transformar, variar
English > alter: 5 senses > verb 3, creation
Meaningmake an alteration to.
PatternSomebody ----s something
ModelThey alter the cape
Example"This dress needs to be altered"
Entailssew, tailor, tailor-makecreate (clothes) with cloth
Broaderchange, alter, modifyCause to change
Spanishalterar, arreglar, cambiar, modificar, transformar
Catalanalterar, transformar
Adjectivesalterablecapable of being changed or altered in some characteristic
Nounsalterationthe act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment)
English > alter: 5 senses > verb 4, change
Meaninginsert words into texts, often falsifying / falsifying / falsifying it thereby.
PatternSomebody ----s something
Synonymsinterpolate, falsify
Broaderedit, redactPrepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting
English > alter: 5 senses > verb 5, body
MeaningRemove the ovaries of.
PatternSomebody ----s somebody
Synonymsneuter, spay, castrate
Narrowerdefeminize, defeminiseRemove the ovaries of (female mammals such as cats)
Broadersterilize, sterilise, desex, unsex, desexualize, desexualise, fixmake infertile
Spanishcastrar, esterilizar

©2001-24 · HyperDic hyper-dictionary · Contact

English | Spanish | Catalan
Privacy | Robots

Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict