HyperDic: química

Español > 5 sentidos de la palabra química:
ADJETIVOpertquímica, químicorelating to or used in chemistry
pertquímica, químicoof or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes
NOMBREcognitionquímicathe science of matter
person química, químicoa scientist who specializes in chemistry
relationquímica, alquimia, química interpersonalthe way two individuals relate to each other
Español > química: 5 sentidos > adjetivo 1, pert
Sentidorelating to or used in chemistry.
Ingléschemical, chemic
NombresquímicaThe science of matter
AdverbiosquímicamenteWith respect to chemistry
Español > química: 5 sentidos > adjetivo 2, pert
SentidoOf or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes.
Nombresproducto químico, químico, sustancia químicaMaterial produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
químicaThe science of matter
AdverbiosquímicamenteWith chemicals
Español > química: 5 sentidos > nombre 1, cognition
SentidoThe science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions.
Categoría deabsorberBecome imbued
absorción(chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another
acelerador, catalizador(chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
acidificarTurn acidic
acontecer, convertirse, convertir, transformarchange in nature, purpose, or function
actividad, fugacidad relativa(chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction
acíclicoHaving an open chain structure
acídico, ácidoBeing or containing an acid
adsorberaccumulate (liquids / liquids or gases) on the surface
aislarObtain in pure form
aislar previamenteisolate beforehand
alcalina, alcalinorelating to or containing an alkali
alcalinizar, alcalizarTurn basic and less acidic
alcalinizarmake (a substance) alkaline
alear, aliarmake an alloy of
alquílicoOf or related to an alkyl
alílicoOf or pertaining to the allyl radical
anfiprótico, anfóteroHaving characteristics / characteristics of both an acid and a base and capable of reacting as either
anhidroWithout water
anticatalizador(chemistry) a substance that retards a chemical reaction or diminishes the activity of a catalyst
aromático(chemistry) of or relating to or containing one or more benzene rings
asociación(chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding
atenuar, debilitar, enrarecer, suavizarweaken the consistency of (a chemical substance)
atomismo(chemistry) any theory in which all matter is composed of tiny discrete finite indivisible indestructible particles
atomo, átomo(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
bencílicorelating to benzyl
bivalenteHaving a valence of two or having two valences
buffer(chemistry) an ionic compound that resists changes in its pH
básicoOf or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base
cacodílicoOf or relating to cacodyl
cadena(chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule)
cadena larga(chemistry) a relatively long chain of atoms in a molecule
calcinarheat a substance so that it oxidizes or reduces
cambiar de forma, reformarBreak up the molecules of
carbocíclicoHaving or relating to or characterized by a ring composed of carbon atoms
carbolatadoContaining or treated with carbolic acid
carbonatar, carburarcombine with carbon
carbonizarseUnite with carbon
carbonílicorelating to or containing the carbonyl group
carboxílicorelating to or containing the carboxyl group or carboxyl radical
catalizarchange by catalysis or cause to catalyze
clasificación periódica, tabla periódica(chemistry) a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements according to atomic number as based on the periodic law
combinar, mezclarmix or blend
compuesto, conjugadoformed by the union of two compounds
compuesto, compuesto químico(chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
conjugadoOf an organic compound
conjugarUnite chemically so that the product is easily broken down into the original compounds
contemplar, englobar, incluir, integraradd as part of something else
críticoAt or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain / sustain a chain ... / chain reaction
cíclicoOf a compound having atoms arranged in a ring structure
deprivarremove a constituent from a liquid
descomponerseparate (substances) into constituent elements or parts
desglicerolizarRemove from glycerol
desintoxicarRemove poison from
desoxidar, desoxigenarTo remove oxygen from a compound, or cause to react with hydrogen or form a hydride, or to undergo an increase / increase / increase in the number of electrons
destilarextract by the process of distillation
destilar, purificar, sublimarRemove impurities from, increase the concentration of, and separate through the process of distillation
destilar, purificarUndergo the process of distillation
desyodadoRemoving iodine from
dimorfismo(chemistry) the property of certain substances that enables them to exist in two distinct crystalline forms
electrolisis, electrólisis(chemistry) a chemical decomposition reaction produced by passing an electric current through a solution containing ions
electronegatividad, negatividad(chemistry) the tendency of an atom or radical to attract electrons in the formation of an ionic bond
emulsión(chemistry) a colloid in which both phases are liquids / liquids
equilibrarBring to a chemical stasis or equilibrium
estado de la materia, estado físico(chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids / liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container)
estequiometría(chemistry) the relation between the quantities of substances that take part in a reaction or form a compound (typically a ratio of whole integers)
eterificarchange into an ether
etéreoOf or containing or dissolved in ether
fenómeno químicoAny natural phenomenon involving chemistry (as changes to atoms or molecules)
fluorocarbono, fluorocarburoA halocarbon in which some hydrogen atoms have been replaced by fluorine
fraccionarseparate into constituents or fractions containing concentrated constituents
fraccionarObtain by a fractional process
fulereno, fullerenoA form of carbon having a large molecule consisting of an empty cage of sixty or more carbon atoms
glicerolizarplace in glycerol
grupo, grupo químico, radical(chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule
hidratado, hidratanteContaining combined water (especially water of crystallization as in a hydrate)
hidrofílico, hidrófiloHaving a strong affinity for water
hidrofóbico, hidrófobolacking affinity for water
imbibición(chemistry) the absorption of a liquid / liquid by a solid or gel
inactivo(chemistry) not participating in a chemical reaction
indicador(chemistry) a substance that changes color to indicate the presence of some ion or substance
indiferente, inerte, neutralHaving only a limited ability to react chemically
inorgánicorelating or belonging to the class of compounds not having a carbon basis
insaturado, saturadoUsed of a compound (especially of carbon) containing atoms sharing more than one valence bond
isomerizarchange into an isomer
ley de Dalton(chemistry and physics) law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture
ley de Mendeleiev, ley periódica(chemistry) the principle that chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers
libreunconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion
ligadoheld with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union
limpiar, purificarRemove unwanted substances from
lipofílico, lipófiloHaving an affinity for lipids
manufacturado, sintéticonot of natural origin
masa atómica, masa atómica relativa, peso atómico(chemistry) the mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic mass units
masa molecular, masa molecular relativa, peso molecular(chemistry) the sum of the relative atomic masses of the constituent atoms of a molecule
mezcla(chemistry) a substance consisting of two or more substances mixed together (not in fixed proportions and not with chemical bonding)
molécula(physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
monovalente, univalenteHaving a valence of 1
multivalente, polivalenteHaving more than one valence, or having a valence of 3 or higher
nitratartreat with nitric acid, so as to change an organic compound into a nitrate
no críticonot critical
no reactivo(chemistry) not reacting chemically
oleofóbicoHaving a strong affinity for oils rather than water
orgánica, orgánicorelating or belonging to the class of chemical compounds having a carbon basis
osmosis, ósmosis(biology, chemistry) diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal
oxidarse, oxidaradd oxygen to or combine with oxygen
pentavalenteHaving a valence of five
ph, pH(from potential of Hydrogen) the logarithm of the reciprocal of hydrogen-ion concentration in gram atoms per liter
pista(chemistry) a chain of atoms in a molecule that forms a closed loop
polimerizarUndergo polymerization
polimorfismo(chemistry) the existence of different kinds of crystal of the same chemical compound
polimórfico, polimorforelating to the crystallization of a compound in two or more different forms
proceso químico(chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
química, químicoA scientist who specializes in chemistry
química orgánicaThe chemistry of compounds containing carbon (originally / originally defined as the chemistry of substances produced by living organisms but now extended to substances synthesized artificially)
reaccionarUndergo a chemical reaction
reacción, reacción química(chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others
reactivoParticipating readily in reactions
resuspenderput back into suspension
reversiblecapable of assuming or producing either of two states
ricoHigh in mineral content
saponificarBecome converted into soap by being hydrolized into an acid and alcohol as a result of being treated with an alkali
saturadoUsed especially of organic compounds
saturarCause (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
sensibilizador(chemistry) a substance other than a catalyst that facilitates the start of a catalytic reaction
sublimación(chemistry) a change directly from the solid to the gaseous state without becoming liquid
sulfurarcombine with sulfur
suspenderCause to be held in suspension in a fluid
valencia(chemistry) a property of atoms or radicals
volatilizarsemake volatile
volátilEvaporating readily at normal temperatures and pressures
yodadocombining or causing to combine with iodine
yodar, yodurartreat with iodine
ácidoHaving the characteristics / characteristics of an acid
EspecíficoelectroquímicaBranch of chemistry that deals with the chemical action of electricity and the production of electricity by chemical reactions
fisicoquímica, química físicaThe branch of chemistry dealing with the physical properties of chemical substances
fotoquímicaBranch of chemistry that deals with the chemical action of light
geoquímicaThe chemistry of the earth's crust
química inorgánicaThe chemistry of compounds that do not contain hydrocarbon radicals
química orgánicaThe chemistry of compounds containing carbon (originally / originally defined as the chemistry of substances produced by living organisms but now extended to substances synthesized artificially)
radioquímicaThe chemistry of radioactive substances
termoquímicaThe branch of chemistry that studies the relation between chemical action and the amount of heat absorbed / absorbed or generated
Generalciencia natural, ciencias de la naturaleza, ciencias naturalesThe sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
Ingléschemistry, chemical science
Adjetivoquímica, químicorelating to or used in chemistry
química, químicoOf or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes
Nombresapotecario, boticario, farmacéutica, farmacéuticoA health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
química, químicoA scientist who specializes in chemistry
Español > química: 5 sentidos > nombre 2, person
SentidoA scientist who specializes in chemistry.
CategoríaquímicaThe science of matter
CasosAdolf WindausGerman chemist who studied steroids and cholesterol and discovered histamine (1876-1959)
Alfred Bernhard Nobel, Alfred Nobel, NobelSwedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the bequest that created the Nobel prizes (1833-1896)
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Antoine Lavoisier, LavoisierFrench chemist known as the father of modern chemistry
Berzelius, Jons Jakob BerzeliusSwedish chemist who discovered three new elements and determined the atomic weights of many others (1779-1848)
Black, Joseph BlackBritish chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799)
Bob Woodward, Robert Burns WoodwardUnited States chemist honored for synthesizing complex organic compounds (1917-1979)
Boyle, Robert BoyleIrish chemist who established that air has weight and whose definitions of chemical elements and chemical reactions helped to dissociate chemistry from alchemy (1627-1691)
Carver, George Washington CarverUnited States botanist and agricultural chemist who developed many uses for peanuts / peanuts and soy beans and sweet potatoes (1864-1943)
Cavendish, Henry CavendishBritish chemist and physicist who established that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen and who calculated the density / density of the earth (1731-1810)
Charles Martin HallUnited States chemist who developed an economical method of producing aluminum from bauxite (1863-1914)
Christian SchonbeinGerman chemist who discovered ozone and developed guncotton as a propellant in firearms (1799-1868)
Curie, Madame Curie, Marie CurieFrench chemist (born in Poland) who won two Nobel prizes
Dalton, John DaltonEnglish chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory and the law of partial pressures
Daniel Rutherford, RutherfordBritish chemist who isolated nitrogen (1749-1819)
Dmitri MendeleevRussian chemist who developed a periodic table of the chemical elements and predicted the discovery of several new elements (1834-1907)
Dorothy Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot HodgkinEnglish chemist (born in Egypt) who used crystallography to study the structure of organic compounds (1910-1994)
Eduard BuchnerGerman organic chemist who studied alcoholic fermentation and discovered zymase (1860-1917)
Edward Morley, Edward Williams Morley, E. W. Morley, MorleyUnited States chemist and physicist who collaborated with Michelson in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1838-1923)
Emil Hermann Fischer, FischerGerman chemist noted for work on synthetic sugars and the purines (1852-1919)
Ernest Solvay, SolvayBelgian chemist who developed the Solvay process and built factories exploiting it (1838-1922)
Faraday, Michael FaradayThe English physicist and chemist who discovered electromagnetic induction (1791-1867)
Fischer, Hans FischerGerman chemist noted for his synthesis of hemin (1881-1945)
Frederick SoddyEnglish chemist whose work on radioactive disintegration led to the discovery of isotopes (1877-1956)
Friedrich August Kekule, Friedrich August Kekule von Stradonitz, KekuleGerman chemist remembered for his discovery of the ring structure of benzene (1829-1896)
Fritz HaberGerman chemist noted for the synthetic production of ammonia from the nitrogen in air (1868-1934)
Gay-Lussac, Joseph Louis Gay-LussacFrench chemist and physicist who first isolated boron and who formulated the law describing the behavior of gases under constant pressure (1778-1850)
Gibbs, Josiah Willard GibbsUnited States chemist (1839-1903)
Giulio NattaItalian chemist noted for work on polymers (1903-1979)
Glenn Theodore Seaborg, Glenn T. SeaborgUnited States chemist who was one of the discoverers of plutonium (1912-1999)
Harold Clayton Urey, Harold UreyUnited States chemist who discovered deuterium (1893-1981)
Harold Kroto, Harold W. KrotoBritish chemist who with Robert Curl and Richard Smalley discovered fullerenes and opened a new branch of chemistry (born in 1939)
Humphrey DavyEnglish chemist who was a pioneer in electrochemistry and who used it to isolate elements sodium and potassium and barium and boron and calcium and magnesium and chlorine (1778-1829)
Irving LangmuirUnited States chemist who studied surface chemistry and developed the gas-filled tungsten lamp and worked on high temperature electrical discharges (1881-1957)
Joseph PriestleyEnglish chemist who isolated many gases and discovered oxygen (independently of Scheele) (1733-1804)
Lars OnsagerUnited States chemist (born in Norway) noted for his work in thermodynamics (1903-1976)
Linus Carl Pauling, Linus Pauling, PaulingUnited States chemist who studied the nature of chemical bonding (1901-1994)
Louis Pasteur, PasteurFrench chemist and biologist whose discovery that fermentation is caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization (1822-1895)
Manfred EigenGerman chemist who did research on high-speed chemical reactions (born in 1927)
Martin Heinrich KlaprothGerman chemist who pioneered analytical chemistry and discovered three new elements (1743-1817)
Melvin CalvinUnited States chemist noted for discovering the series of chemical reactions in photosynthesis (1911-)
Nernst, Walther Hermann NernstGerman physicist and chemist who formulated the third law of thermodynamics (1864-1941)
Odd HasselNorwegian chemist noted for his research on organic molecules (1897-1981)
Otto HahnGerman chemist who was co-discoverer with Lise Meitner of nuclear fission (1879-1968)
Paul Hermann MullerSwiss chemist who synthesized DDT and discovered its use as an insecticide (1899-1965)
Paul John FloryUnited States chemist who developed methods for studying long-chain molecules (1910-1985)
Richard August Carl Emil ErlenmeyerGerman chemist (1825-1909)
Richard E. Smalley, Richard SmalleyAmerican chemist who with Robert Curl and Harold Kroto discovered fullerenes and opened a new branch of chemistry (born in 1943)
Richard J. Roberts, RobertsUnited States biochemist (born in England) honored for his discovery that some genes contain introns (born in 1943)
Richard KuhnAustrian chemist who did research on carotenoids and vitamins (1900-1967)
Roald HoffmannUnited States chemist (born in Poland) who used quantum mechanics to understand chemical reactions (born in 1937)
Robert Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm BunsenGerman chemist who with Kirchhoff pioneered spectrum analysis but is remembered mainly for his invention of the Bunsen burner (1811-1899)
Robert Curl, Robert F. CurlAmerican chemist who with Richard Smalley and Harold Kroto discovered fullerenes and opened a new branch of chemistry (born in 1933)
Robert Robinson, Robinson, Sir Robert RobinsonEnglish chemist noted for his studies / studies of molecular structures in plants (1886-1975)
Ronald George Wreyford NorrishEnglish chemist (1897-1978)
Sir James DewarScottish chemist and physicist noted for his work in cryogenics and his invention of the Dewar flask (1842-1923)
Sir William Crookes, William CrookesEnglish chemist and physicist
Soren Peter Lauritz Sorensen, SorensenDanish chemist who devised the pH scale (1868-1939)
Svante August ArrheniusSwedish chemist and physicist noted for his theory of chemical dissociation (1859-1927)
Tadeus ReichsteinA Swiss chemist born in Poland
Wallace Carothers, Wallace Hume CarothersUnited States chemist who developed nylon (1896-1937)
Wilhelm OstwaldGerman chemist (1853-1932)
Willard Frank LibbyUnited States chemist who developed a method of radiocarbon dating (1908-1980)
William HenryEnglish chemist who studied the quantities of gas absorbed by water at different temperatures and under different pressures (1775-1836)
William Hyde WollastonEnglish chemist and physicist who discovered palladium and rhodium and demonstrated that static and current electricity are the same (1766-1828)
Específicobioquímicosomeone with special training in biochemistry
radioquímica, radioquímicoA chemist who specializes in nuclear chemistry
Generalcientífica, científicoA person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences
Catalánquímica, químic
NombresquímicaThe science of matter
Español > química: 5 sentidos > nombre 3, relation
SentidoThe way two individuals relate to each other.
Sinónimosalquimia, química interpersonal
Generalrelación socialA relation between living organisms (especially between people)
Ingléschemistry, interpersonal chemistry, alchemy
Catalánalquímia, química interpersonal, química

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