HyperDic: chemistry

English > 3 senses of the word chemistry:
NOUNcognitionchemistry, chemical sciencethe science of matter
substancechemistrythe chemical composition and properties of a substance or object
relationchemistry, interpersonal chemistry, alchemythe way two individuals relate to each other
chemistry > pronunciation
Soundskeh'mahstriy; keh'mihstriy
Rhymesaccusatory ... zealotry: 432 rhymes with riy...
English > chemistry: 3 senses > noun 1, cognition
MeaningThe science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions.
Synonymchemical science
Category ofDalton's law, Dalton's law of partial pressures, law of partial pressures(chemistry and physics) law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture
Henry's law(chemistry) law formulated by the English chemist William Henry
absorbBecome imbued
absorption, soaking up(chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another
abundance(chemistry) the ratio of the total mass of an element in the earth's crust to the total mass of the earth's crust
acceptor(chemistry) in the formation of a coordinate bond it is the compound to which electrons are donated
acetylate, acetylize, acetyliseReceive substitution of an acetyl group
acetylate, acetylize, acetyliseintroduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound)
acidHaving the characteristics / characteristics of an acid
acid value(chemistry) the amount of free acid present in fat as measured by the milligrams of potassium hydroxide needed to neutralize it
acidicBeing or containing an acid
acidify, acetifyTurn acidic
actinide series(chemistry) a series of 15 radioactive elements with increasing atomic numbers from actinium to lawrencium
activity(chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction
acyclic, open-chainHaving an open chain structure
admixmix or blend
adsorbaccumulate (liquids / liquids or gases) on the surface
alchemize, alchemiseAlter (elements) by alchemy
alkaline, alkalicrelating to or containing an alkali
alkalinize, alkalinisemake (a substance) alkaline
alkalinize, alkaliniseBecome alkaline
alkalize, alkalise, alkalify, basifyTurn basic and less acidic
alkylicOf or related to an alkyl
allomerism(chemistry) variability in chemical composition without variation in crystalline form
alloymake an alloy of
allylicOf or pertaining to the allyl radical
ammonifytreat with ammonia
amphoteric, amphiproticHaving characteristics / characteristics of both an acid and a base and capable of reacting as either
anhydrousWithout water
anticatalyst(chemistry) a substance that retards a chemical reaction or diminishes the activity of a catalyst
aromatic(chemistry) of or relating to or containing one or more benzene rings
association(chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding
atom(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
atomic mass, atomic weight, relative atomic mass(chemistry) the mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic mass units
atomism, atomic theory, atomist theory, atomistic theory(chemistry) any theory in which all matter is composed of tiny discrete finite indivisible indestructible particles
azidorelating to or containing the azido group N3
basicOf or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base
batesoak in a special solution to soften and remove chemicals used in previous treatments
benzylicrelating to benzyl
bindform a chemical bond with
bivalent, divalentHaving a valence of two or having two valences
boundheld with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union
buffer(chemistry) an ionic compound that resists changes in its pH
buildimprove the cleansing action of
butylateintroduce the butyl group into a chemical compound
cacodylicOf or relating to cacodyl
calcineheat a substance so that it oxidizes or reduces
carbocyclicHaving or relating to or characterized by a ring composed of carbon atoms
carbolatedContaining or treated with carbolic acid
carbonize, carbonise, carburize, carburiseUnite with carbon
carbonyl, carbonylicrelating to or containing the carbonyl group
carboxyl, carboxylicrelating to or containing the carboxyl group or carboxyl radical
carboxylatetreat (a chemical compound) with carboxyl or carboxylic acid
carburetcombine with carbon
catabolize, catabolisesubject to catabolism
catalyst, accelerator(chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
catalyze, catalysechange by catalysis or cause to catalyze
chain, chemical chain(chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule)
chemical phenomenonAny natural phenomenon involving chemistry (as changes to atoms or molecules)
chemical process, chemical change, chemical action(chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
chemical reaction, reaction(chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others
chemistA scientist who specializes in chemistry
clathrateDesignating or relating to a compound in which one component is physically enclosed within the crystal structure of another
closed chain, ring(chemistry) a chain of atoms in a molecule that forms a closed loop
cokeBecome coke
compound, chemical compound(chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
conjugate, conjugatedOf an organic compound
conjugate, conjugatedformed by the union of two compounds
conjugateUnite chemically so that the product is easily broken down into the original compounds
convertchange in nature, purpose, or function
copolymerize, copolymerisepolymerize together
crackReduce (petroleum) to a simpler compound by cracking
crackbreak into simpler molecules by means of heat
criticalAt or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain / sustain a chain ... / chain reaction
cyclicOf a compound having atoms arranged in a ring structure
de-iodinatingRemoving iodine from
deadenconvert (metallic mercury) into a grey powder consisting of minute globules, as by shaking with chalk or fatty oil
decarboxylateLose a carboxyl group
decarboxylateRemove a carboxyl group from (a chemical compound)
decompose, break up, break downseparate (substances) into constituent elements or parts
decomposition, decomposition reaction, chemical decomposition reaction(chemistry) separation of a substance into two or more substances that may differ from each other and from the original substance
deglycerolize, deglyceroliseRemove from glycerol
demineralize, demineraliseRemove the minerals or salts from
denitrifyRemove nitrogen from
deoxidize, deoxidise, reduceTo remove oxygen from a compound, or cause to react with hydrogen or form a hydride, or to undergo an increase / increase / increase in the number of electrons
desorbgo away from the surface to which (a substance) is adsorbed
desorbRemove from a surface on which it is adsorbed
detoxify, detoxicateRemove poison from
dimorphism(chemistry) the property of certain substances that enables them to exist in two distinct crystalline forms
displacement, displacement reaction(chemistry) a reaction in which an elementary substance displaces and sets free a constituent element from a compound
dissociateTo undergo a reversible or temporary breakdown of a molecule into simpler molecules or atoms
dissociation(chemistry) the temporary or reversible process in which a molecule or ion is broken down into smaller molecules or ions
distill, distilUndergo the process of distillation
distill, extract, distilextract by the process of distillation
distribution law(chemistry) the total energy in an assembly of molecules is not distributed equally but is distributed around an average value according to a statistical distribution
electrolysis(chemistry) a chemical decomposition reaction produced by passing an electric current through a solution containing ions
electronegativity, negativity(chemistry) the tendency of an atom or radical to attract electrons in the formation of an ionic bond
emulsion(chemistry) a colloid in which both phases are liquids / liquids
equilibrateBring to a chemical stasis or equilibrium
equilibrium constant(chemistry) the ratio of concentrations when equilibrium is reached in a reversible reaction (when the rate of the forward reaction equals the rate of the reverse reaction)
equilibrium law, law of chemical equilibrium(chemistry) the principle that (at chemical equilibrium) in a reversible reaction the ratio of the rate of the forward reaction to the rate of the reverse reaction is a constant for that reaction
esterifychange (a compound) into an ester
etherealOf or containing or dissolved in ether
etherifychange into an ether
fluorocarbonA halocarbon in which some hydrogen atoms have been replaced by fluorine
formulatePrepare according to a formula
foryml(chemistry) the negative univalent acyl radical CHO that occurs in aldehydes
fractionateObtain by a fractional process
fractionateseparate into constituents or fractions containing concentrated constituents
freeunconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion
fullereneA form of carbon having a large molecule consisting of an empty cage of sixty or more carbon atoms
glycerolize, glyceroliseplace in glycerol
group, radical, chemical group(chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule
heavy(physics, chemistry) being or containing an isotope with greater than average atomic mass or weight
hydrophilicHaving a strong affinity for water
hydrophobiclacking affinity for water
hydrous, hydratedContaining combined water (especially water of crystallization as in a hydrate)
imbibition(chemistry) the absorption of a liquid / liquid by a solid or gel
inactive(chemistry) not participating in a chemical reaction
includeadd as part of something else
indicator(chemistry) a substance that changes color to indicate the presence of some ion or substance
inert, indifferent, neutralHaving only a limited ability to react chemically
inhibitLimit, block, or decrease the action or function of
inorganicrelating or belonging to the class of compounds not having a carbon basis
iodinatingcombining or causing to combine with iodine
iodize, iodisetreat with iodine
isolateObtain in pure form
isomerize, isomerisechange into an isomer
isomerize, isomeriseCause to change into an isomer
law of constant proportion, law of definite proportions(chemistry) law stating that every pure substance always contains the same elements combined in the same proportions by weight
law of equivalent proportions, law of reciprocal proportions(chemistry) law stating that the proportions in which two elements separately combine with a third element are also the proportions in which they combine together
law of mass action(chemistry) the law that states the following principle
law of multiple proportions, Dalton's law(chemistry) law stating that when two elements can combine to form more than one compound the amounts of one of them that combines with a fixed amount of the other will exhibit a simple multiple relation
ligateBind chemically
light(physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average
lipophilic, lipotropicHaving an affinity for lipids
long chain, long-chain molecule(chemistry) a relatively long chain of atoms in a molecule
man-made, semisynthetic, syntheticnot of natural origin
memberedHaving members
mercuric, mercurousOf or containing mercury
migration(chemistry) the nonrandom movement of an atom or radical from one place to another within a molecule
mixture(chemistry) a substance consisting of two or more substances mixed together (not in fixed proportions and not with chemical bonding)
molecular weight, relative molecular mass(chemistry) the sum of the relative atomic masses of the constituent atoms of a molecule
molecule(physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
monad(chemistry) an atom having a valence of one
monovalent, univalentHaving a valence of 1
moonshinedistill (alcohol) illegally
nitratetreat with nitric acid, so as to change an organic compound into a nitrate
noncriticalnot critical
oleophilicHaving a strong affinity for oils rather than water
organicrelating or belonging to the class of chemical compounds having a carbon basis
organic chemistryThe chemistry of compounds containing carbon (originally / originally defined as the chemistry of substances produced by living organisms but now extended to substances synthesized artificially)
osmosis(biology, chemistry) diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal
oxidize, oxidise, oxidateadd oxygen to or combine with oxygen
pH, pH scale(from potential of Hydrogen) the logarithm of the reciprocal of hydrogen-ion concentration in gram atoms per liter
pentavalentHaving a valence of five
peptize, peptisedisperse in a medium into a colloidal state
periodic law, Mendeleev's law(chemistry) the principle that chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers
periodic table(chemistry) a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements according to atomic number as based on the periodic law
polymerize, polymeriseUndergo polymerization
polymerize, polymeriseCause (a compound) to polymerize
polymorphism, pleomorphism(chemistry) the existence of different kinds of crystal of the same chemical compound
polymorphous, polymorphicrelating to the crystallization of a compound in two or more different forms
polyvalence, polyvalency, multivalence, multivalency(chemistry) the state of having a valence greater than two
polyvalent, multivalentHaving more than one valence, or having a valence of 3 or higher
preisolateisolate beforehand
purify, sublimate, make pure, distillRemove impurities from, increase the concentration of, and separate through the process of distillation
rarefy, attenuateweaken the consistency of (a chemical substance)
reactUndergo a chemical reaction
reactiveParticipating readily in reactions
rectification(chemistry) the process of refinement or purification of a substance by distillation
reformBreak up the molecules of
reformproduce by cracking
release, free, liberateRelease (gas or energy) as a result of a chemical reaction or physical decomposition
resublimesublime (a compound) once again
resuspendput back into suspension
reverse osmosis(chemistry) a method of producing pure water
reversiblecapable of assuming or producing either of two states
reversiblyIn a reversible manner
richHigh in mineral content
saponifyconvert into soap by hydrolizing an ester into an acid and alcohol as a result of treating it with an alkali
saponifyBecome converted into soap by being hydrolized into an acid and alcohol as a result of being treated with an alkali
saturateCause (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
saturatedUsed especially of organic compounds
saturation point(chemistry) the stage at which a substance will receive no more of another substance in solution or in a vapor
scavenge, cleanRemove unwanted substances from
sensitizer, sensitiser(chemistry) a substance other than a catalyst that facilitates the start of a catalytic reaction
sequesterUndergo sequestration by forming a stable compound with an ion
solvateUndergo solvation or convert into a solvate
solvateCause a solvation in (a substance)
sorb, take uptake up a liquid / liquid or a gas either by adsorption or by absorption
state of matter, state(chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids / liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container)
stoichiometry(chemistry) the relation between the quantities of substances that take part in a reaction or form a compound (typically a ratio of whole integers)
stripremove a constituent from a liquid
sublimation(chemistry) a change directly from the solid to the gaseous state without becoming liquid
sulfurette, sulphurettecombine with sulfur
supernatantOf a liquid / liquid
suspendCause to be held in suspension in a fluid
technical-grade, technical gradeContaining small amounts of other chemicals, hence slightly impure
tetravalentHaveing a valence of four
theory of dissociation, theory of electrolytic dissociation, Arrhenius theory of dissociation(chemistry) theory that describes aqueous solutions in terms of acids (which dissociate to give hydrogen ions) and bases (which dissociate to give hydroxyl ions)
theory of indicators, Ostwald's theory of indicators(chemistry) the theory that all indicators are either weak acids or weak bases in which the color of the ionized form is different from the color before dissociation
thoriateimpregnate with thorium oxide to increase thermionic emission
transaminateUndergo transfer from one compound to another
transmuteAlter the nature of (elements)
trivalentHaving a valence of three
unreactive(chemistry) not reacting chemically
unsaturatedUsed of a compound (especially of carbon) containing atoms sharing more than one valence bond
valence, valency(chemistry) a property of atoms or radicals
valent(chemistry) having valence
volatileEvaporating readily at normal temperatures and pressures
volatilize, volatilisemake volatile
NarrowerelectrochemistryBranch of chemistry that deals with the chemical action of electricity and the production of electricity by chemical reactions
femtochemistryThe branch of chemistry that studies elementary (often very fast) chemical reactions as they occur
geochemistryThe chemistry of the earth's crust
immunochemistry, chemoimmunologyThe field of chemistry concerned with chemical processes in immunology (such as chemical studies of antigens and antibodies)
inorganic chemistryThe chemistry of compounds that do not contain hydrocarbon radicals
organic chemistryThe chemistry of compounds containing carbon (originally / originally defined as the chemistry of substances produced by living organisms but now extended to substances synthesized artificially)
photochemistryBranch of chemistry that deals with the chemical action of light
physical chemistryThe branch of chemistry dealing with the physical properties of chemical substances
radiochemistry, nuclear chemistryThe chemistry of radioactive substances
surface chemistryThe branch of chemistry that studies processes occurring at interfaces between phases (especially those between liquid and gas)
thermochemistryThe branch of chemistry that studies the relation between chemical action and the amount of heat absorbed / absorbed or generated
Broadernatural scienceThe sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
Adjectiveschemical, chemicrelating to or used in chemistry
chemicalof or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes
Nounschemista scientist who specializes in chemistry
chemista health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
English > chemistry: 3 senses > noun 2, substance
MeaningThe chemical composition and properties of a substance or object.
Example"the chemistry of soil"
BroadersubstanceThe real physical matter of which a person or thing consists
English > chemistry: 3 senses > noun 3, relation
MeaningThe way two individuals relate to each other.
Example"their chemistry was wrong from the beginning -- they hated each other"
Synonymsinterpersonal chemistry, alchemy
Broadersocial relationA relation between living organisms (especially between people)
Spanishalquimia, química interpersonal, química
Catalanalquímia, química interpersonal, química

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