HyperDic: física

Español > 4 sentidos de la palabra física:
ADJETIVOallfísica, físicoinvolving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit
NOMBREperson física, físicoa scientist trained in physics
cognitionfísica, filosofía naturalthe science of matter and energy and their interactions
cognitionfísicathe physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something
Español > física: 4 sentidos > adjetivo 1
SentidoInvolving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit.
Específicoanimal, carnal, sensualMarked by the appetites and passions of the body
corporal, corpóreo, físico, sómatico, somáticoaffecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit
fisiológicoOf or consistent with an organism's normal functioning
materialconcerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being
personalintimately concerning a person's body or physical being
ContrariomentalInvolving the mind or an intellectual process
Nombresanimalismopreoccupation with satisfaction of physical drives and appetites
materialidadThe quality of being physical
Español > física: 4 sentidos > nombre 1, person
SentidoA scientist trained in physics.
Categoríafilosofía natural, físicaThe science of matter and energy and their interactions
CasosA. A. Michelson, Albert Abraham Michelson, Albert MichelsonUnited States physicist (born in Germany) who collaborated with Morley in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1852-1931)
Albert Einstein, Einsteinphysicist born in Germany who formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity
Alfred KastlerFrench physicist (1902-1984)
Alhacen, Ibn al-HaythamAn Egyptian polymath (born in Iraq) whose research in geometry and optics was influential into the 17th century
Amedeo Avogadro, AvogadroItalian physicist noted for his work on gases
Antoine Henri Becquerel, Becquerel, Henri BecquerelFrench physicist who discovered that rays emitted by uranium salts affect photographic plates (1852-1908)
Arquimedes, ArquímedesGreek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC)
Augustin Jean Fresnel, FresnelFrench physicist who invented polarized light and invented the Fresnel lens (1788-1827)
Benjamin Thompson, ThompsonEnglish physicist (born in America) who studied heat and friction
Bernoulli, Daniel BernoulliSwiss physicist who contributed to hydrodynamics and mathematical physics (1700-1782)
Bertram BrockhouseCanadian physicist who bounced neutron beams off of atomic nuclei to study the structure of matter (1918-2003)
Boltzman, Boltzmann, Ludwig BoltzmannAustrian physicist who contributed to the kinetic theory of gases (1844-1906)
Cavendish, Henry CavendishBritish chemist and physicist who established that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen and who calculated the density / density of the earth (1731-1810)
Cecil Frank PowellEnglish physicist who discovered the pion (the first known meson) which is a subatomic particle involved in holding the nucleus together (1903-1969)
Charles Augustin de Coulomb, CoulombFrench physicist famous for his discoveries in the field of electricity and magnetism
Christiaan Huygens, Christian Huygens, HuygensDutch physicist who first formulated the wave theory of light (1629-1695)
Christian Johann Doppler, DopplerAustrian physicist famous for his discovery of the Doppler effect (1803-1853)
Curie, Pierre CurieFrench physicist
Dalton, John DaltonEnglish chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory and the law of partial pressures
Dennis Gabor, GaborBritish physicist (born in Hungary) noted for his work on holography (1900-1979)
Edward Appleton, Sir Edward Victor AppletonEnglish physicist remembered for his studies / studies of the ionosphere (1892-1966)
Ernest Rutherford, RutherfordBritish physicist (born in New Zealand) who discovered the atomic nucleus and proposed a nuclear model of the atom (1871-1937)
Ernst Mach, MachAustrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
Evangelista Torricelli, TorricelliItalian physicist who invented the mercury barometer (1608-1647)
Faraday, Michael FaradayThe English physicist and chemist who discovered electromagnetic induction (1791-1867)
Fourier, Jean Baptiste Joseph FourierFrench mathematician who developed Fourier analysis and studied the conduction of heat / heat (1768-1830)
Gabriel LippmannFrench physicist who developed the first color photographic process (1845-1921)
Gamow, George GamowUnited States physicist (born in Russia) who was a proponent of the big-bang theory and who did research in radioactivity and suggested the triplet code for DNA (1904-1968)
Gay-Lussac, Joseph Louis Gay-LussacFrench chemist and physicist who first isolated boron and who formulated the law describing the behavior of gases under constant pressure (1778-1850)
Geiger, Hans GeigerGerman physicist who developed the Geiger counter (1882-1945)
George Paget ThomsonEnglish physicist (son of Joseph John Thomson) who was a co-discoverer of the diffraction of electrons by crystals (1892-1975)
George Simon Ohm, Georg Simon Ohm, OhmGerman physicist who formulated Ohm's law (1787-1854)
Gustav Robert Kirchhoff, KirchhoffGerman physicist who with Bunsen pioneered spectrum analysis and formulated two laws governing electric networks (1824-1887)
Gustav Theodor FechnerGerman physicist who founded psychophysics
Hans Christian Oersted, OerstedDanish physicist (1777-1851)
Hawking, Stephen Hawking, Stephen William HawkingEnglish theoretical physicist (born in 1942)
Heaviside, Oliver HeavisideEnglish physicist and electrical engineer who helped develop telegraphic and telephonic communications
Heinrich Hertz, Heinrich Rudolph Hertz, HertzGerman physicist who was the first to produce electromagnetic waves artificially (1857-1894)
Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz, Hermann von HelmholtzGerman physiologist and physicist (1821-1894)
Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, LorentzDutch physicist noted for work on electromagnetic theory (1853-1928)
Henri Pitot, PitotFrench physicist for whom the Pitot tube was named (1695-1771)
Henry, Joseph HenryUnited States physicist who studied electromagnetic phenomena (1791-1878)
Irene Joliot-CurieFrench physicist who (with her husband) synthesized new chemical elements (1897-1956)
Isaac Newton, Newton, Sir Isaac NewtonEnglish mathematician and physicist
Jacques Alexandre Cesar Charles, Jacques CharlesFrench physicist and author of Charles's law which anticipated Gay-Lussac's law (1746-1823)
James Alfred Van AllenUnited States physicist who discovered two belts of charged particles from the solar wind trapped by the Earth's magnetic field (born in 1914)
James Clerk Maxwell, MaxwellScottish physicist whose equations unified electricity and magnetism and who recognized the electromagnetic nature of light (1831-1879)
James FranckUnited States physicist (born in Germany) who with Gustav Hertz performed an electron scattering experiment that proved the existence of the stationary energy states postulated by Niels Bohr (1882-1964)
James Prescott JouleEnglish physicist who established the mechanical theory of heat and discovered the first law of thermodynamics (1818-1889)
Jean Bernard Leon FoucaultFrench physicist who determined the speed of light and showed that it travels slower in water than in air
Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Johannes van der Waals, van der WaalsDutch physicist (1837-1923)
John BardeenUnited States physicist who won the Nobel prize for physics twice (1908-1991)
John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, John Van Vleck, Van VleckUnited States physicist (1899-1980)
John TyndallBritish physicist (born in Ireland) remembered for his experiments / experiments on the transparency of gases and the absorption of radiant heat by gases and the transmission of sound through the atmosphere
John William StruttEnglish physicist who studied the density / density of gases and discovered argon
Joseph John Thomson, Sir Joseph John Thomson, ThomsonEnglish physicist who experimented with the conduction of electricity through gases and who discovered the electron and determined its charge and mass (1856-1940)
Klaus FuchsBritish physicist who was born in Germany and fled Nazi persecution
Landau, Lev Davidovich LandauSoviet physicist who worked on low temperature physics (1908-1968)
Leo Esakiphysicist honored for advances in solid state electronics (born in Japan in 1925)
Louis Eugene Felix NeelFrench physicist noted for research on magnetism (born in 1904)
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, Max Planck, PlanckGerman physicist whose explanation of blackbody radiation in the context of quantized energy emissions initiated quantum theory (1858-1947)
Millikan, Robert Andrews MillikanUnited States physicist who isolated the electron and measured its charge (1868-1953)
Nernst, Walther Hermann NernstGerman physicist and chemist who formulated the third law of thermodynamics (1864-1941)
Nicolas Leonard Sadi Carnot, Sadi CarnotFrench physicist who founded thermodynamics (1796-1832)
Phil Anderson, Philip Warren AndersonUnited States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-)
Philipp LenardGerman physicist who studied cathode rays (1862-1947)
Pieter ZeemanDutch physicist honored for his research on the influence of magnetism on radiation which showed that light is radiated by the motion of charged particles in an atom (1865-1943)
Rene Antoine Ferchault de ReaumurFrench physicist who invented the alcohol thermometer (1683-1757)
Robert Jemison Van de Graaf, Robert Van de Graaff, Robert Van De Graaf, Van de Graaff, Van De GraafUnited States physicist (1901-1967)
Robert Woodrow WilsonUnited States physicist honored for his work on cosmic microwave radiation (born in 1918)
Sir James DewarScottish chemist and physicist noted for his work in cryogenics and his invention of the Dewar flask (1842-1923)
Sir Oliver Joseph LodgeEnglish physicist who studied electromagnetic radiation and was a pioneer of radiotelegraphy (1851-1940)
Sir William Crookes, William CrookesEnglish chemist and physicist
Steven Weinberg, WeinbergUnited States theoretical physicist (born in 1933)
Svante August ArrheniusSwedish chemist and physicist noted for his theory of chemical dissociation (1859-1927)
Thomas YoungBritish physicist and Egyptologist
Victor Franz HessUnited States physicist (born in Austria) who was a discoverer of cosmic radiation (1883-1964)
Vladimir Kosma Zworykin, ZworykinUnited States physicist who invented the iconoscope (1889-1982)
Wilhelm Eduard WeberGerman physicist and brother of E. H. Weber
William Bradford Shockley, William ShockleyUnited States physicist (born in England) who contributed to the development of the electronic transistor (1910-1989)
William GilbertEnglish court physician noted for his studies / studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603)
William Hyde WollastonEnglish chemist and physicist who discovered palladium and rhodium and demonstrated that static and current electricity are the same (1766-1828)
William ThompsonBritish physicist who invented the Kelvin scale of temperature and pioneered undersea telegraphy (1824-1907)
Yang Chen NingUnited States physicist (born in China) who collaborated with Tsung Dao Lee in disproving the principle of conservation of parity (born in 1922)
EspecíficoCharles Hard Townes, Charles TownesUnited States physicist who developed the laser and maser principles for producing high-intensity radiation (1915-)
astrónomo, uranologistA physicist who studies astronomy
biofísicoA physicist who applies the methods of physics to biology
Generalcientífica, científicoA person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences
Nombresfilosofía natural, físicaThe science of matter and energy and their interactions
Español > física: 4 sentidos > nombre 2, cognition
SentidoThe science of matter and energy and their interactions.
Sinónimofilosofía natural
Categoría deabsorbancia(physics) a measure of the extent to which a substance transmits light or other electromagnetic radiation
absorbedor, absorbente, absorbente nuclear(physics) material in a nuclear reactor that absorbs radiation
absorber el shock, eliminar el shockEliminate airborne shock waves from (an explosive)
absorción, absortividad(physics) the property of a body that determines the fraction of the incident radiation or sound flux absorbed or absorbable by the body
absorción(physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium
aceleración(physics) a rate of increase of velocity
activado, excitado(of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive
adiabáticoOccurring without loss or gain of heat / heat
aerodinámica, aerodinámicoOf or relating to aerodynamics
amplitud(physics) the maximum displacement of a periodic wave
atomo, átomo(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
atractivo, atrayente, magnéticoHaving the properties of a magnet
atractor(physics) a point in the ideal multidimensional phase space that is used to describe a system toward which the system tends to evolve regardless of the starting conditions of the system
caóticoOf or relating to a sensitive dependence on initial conditions
choque, colisión, golpe, trompada(physics) a brief event in which two or more bodies come together
coherente(physics) of waves having a constant phase relation
combinable, mezclable, miscible(chemistry, physics) capable of being mixed
congelarse, congelar, helarse, helarchange from a liquid / liquid to a solid when cold
conservación(physics) the maintenance of a certain quantities unchanged during chemical reactions or physical transformations
cristalizarCause to form crystals or assume crystalline form
críticoAt or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain / sustain a chain ... / chain reaction
cuanto(physics) the smallest discrete quantity of some physical property that a system can possess (according to quantum theory)
cuark, quark(physics) hypothetical truly fundamental particle in mesons and baryons
cuánticoOf or relating to a quantum or capable of existing in only one of two states
descargadoOf a particle or body or system
descomponerse, desintegrarse, deteriorarse, pudrirseLose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current
desimantarmake nonmagnetic
desintegrarCause to undergo fission or lose particles
despolarizarEliminate the polarization of
diabáticoInvolving a transfer of heat
difusión(physics) the process in which there is movement of a substance from an area of high concentration of that substance to an area of lower concentration
dinámicoOf or relating to dynamics
débil de fuerza(physics) an interaction between elementary particles involving neutrinos or antineutrinos that is responsible for certain kinds of radioactive decay
electrificarCharge (a conductor) with electricity
energía(physics) a thermodynamic quantity equivalent to the capacity of a physical system to do work
espalación, estallido(physics) a nuclear reaction in which a bombarded nucleus breaks up into many particles
frente de onda(physics) an imaginary surface joining all points in space that are reached at the same instant by a wave propagating / propagating through a medium
fuerza, vigor(physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity
física, físicoA scientist trained in physics
físil, fisionablecapable of undergoing nuclear fission
gravedad, gravitación(physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the universe
hidrodinámica, hidrodinámicoOf or relating to hydrodynamics
hodoscope(physics) scientific instrument that traces the path of a charged particle
imantar, magnetizarmake magnetic
imán(physics) a device that attracts iron and produces a magnetic field
incombinable, inmezclable(chemistry, physics) incapable of mixing
inercia(physics) the tendency of a body to maintain its state of rest or uniform motion unless acted upon by an external force
interacción fundamental, interacción(physics) the transfer of energy between elementary particles or between an elementary particle and a field or between fields
isotropía(physics) the property of being isotropic
isótropoHaving properties with uniform values along all axes
ley de Dalton(chemistry and physics) law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture
ley de Gay-Lussac(physics) the density of an ideal gas at constant pressure varies inversely with the temperature
ley de la termodinámica(physics) a law governing the relations between states of energy in a closed system
libreunconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion
licuar, liquidarmake (a solid substance) liquid, as by heating
licuar, liquidarBecome liquid or fluid when heated
ligadoheld with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union
luz, luz visible, radiación visible(physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation
masa en reposo, masa invariante(physics) the mass of a body as measured when the body is at rest relative to an observer, an inherent property of the body
masa gravitatoria(physics) the mass of a body as measured by its gravitational attraction for other bodies
masa inercial(physics) the mass of a body as determined by the second law of motion from the acceleration of the body when it is subjected to a force that is not due to gravity
menisco(physics) the curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid / liquid in a vertical tube
mesónicoOf or pertaining to a meson
metaestabilidadThe quality of a physical system that persists in its existing equilibrium when undisturbed (or only slightly disturbed) but able to pass to a more stable equilibrium when sufficiently disturbed
molécula(physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
métricaA function of a topological space that gives, for any two points in the space, a value equal to the distance between them
no críticonot critical
no reactivo(chemistry) not reacting chemically
nuclearOf or relating to or constituting / constituting the nucleus of an atom
onda, ondulación(physics) a movement up and down or back and forth
oscilación, vibración(physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean
partícula elemental(physics) a particle that is less complex than an atom
poder, potencia(physics) the rate of doing work
polarizarCause to vibrate in a definite pattern
reacción nuclear(physics) a process that alters the energy or structure or composition of atomic nuclei
reactivoParticipating readily in reactions
reactor, reactor nuclear(physics) any of several kinds of apparatus that maintain and control a nuclear reaction for the production of energy or artificial elements
relatividad, teoría de la relatividad(physics) the theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts
relativistarelating or subject to the special or the general theory of relativity
reluctancia(physics) opposition to magnetic flux (analogous to electric resistance)
reológicoOf or relating to rheology
repulsivopossessing the ability to repel
reversiblecapable of assuming or producing either of two states
solidificarmake solid or more solid
solidificarse, solidificarBecome solid
solitón(physics) a quantum of energy or quasiparticle that can be propagated as a traveling wave in nonlinear systems and is neither preceded nor followed by another such disturbance
supersimetría(physics) a theory that tries to link the four fundamental forces
tensión(physics) force that produces strain on a physical body
teoría cinética(physics) a theory that gases consist of small particles in random motion
teoría corpuscular(physics) the theory that light is transmitted as a stream of particles
teoría de los quanta(physics) a physical theory that certain properties occur only in discrete amounts (quanta)
transmutación(physics) the change of one chemical element into another (as by nuclear decay or radioactive bombardment)
ángulo de buzamiento, buzamiento magnético, buzamiento, inclinación magnética, inclinación(physics) the angle that a magnetic needle makes with the plane of the horizon
Específicoaeronáutica, astronáuticaThe theory and practice of navigation through air or space
astronomíaThe branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
biofísicaphysics as applied to biological problems
criogeniaThe branch of physics that studies the phenomena that occur at very low temperatures
cristalografíaThe branch of science that studies the formation and structure of crystals
electromagnetismoThe branch of physics concerned with electromagnetic phenomena
electrostáticaThe branch of physics that deals with static electricity
electrónicaThe branch of physics that deals with the emission and effects of electrons and with the use of electronic devices
física atómica, física nuclearThe branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
física de altas energías, física de partículas, física subatómicaThe branch of physics that studies subatomic particles and their interactions
física del estado sólidoThe branch of physics that studies the properties of materials in the solid state
mecánicaThe branch of physics concerned with the motion / motion of bodies in a frame of reference
mecánica estadísticaThe branch of physics that makes theoretical predictions about the behavior of macroscopic systems on the basis of statistical laws governing its component particles
reologíaThe branch of physics that studies the deformation and flow of matter
termodinámicaThe branch of physics concerned with the conversion of different forms of energy
ópticaThe branch of physics that studies the physical properties of light
Generalciencia natural, ciencias de la naturaleza, ciencias naturalesThe sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
Inglésphysics, natural philosophy
Adjetivofísicorelating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy
Nombresfísica, físicoA scientist trained in physics
Español > física: 4 sentidos > nombre 3, cognition
SentidoThe physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something.
EspecíficoacústicaThe study of the physical properties of sound
Generalciencia natural, ciencias de la naturaleza, ciencias naturalesThe sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
Inglésphysics, physical science

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