HyperDic: física

Català > 2 sentits de la paraula física:
NOMcognitionfísicathe science of matter and energy and their interactions
cognitionfísicathe physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something
Català > física: 2 sentits > nom 1, cognition
SentitThe science of matter and energy and their interactions.
Categoria deLlei de Hooke(physics) the principle that (within the elastic limit) the stress applied to a solid is proportional to the strain produced
Llei de Planck(physics) the basis of quantum theory
absorbidor(physics) material in a nuclear reactor that absorbs radiation
absorbància(physics) a measure of the extent to which a substance transmits light or other electromagnetic radiation
absorció, absortivitat(physics) the property of a body that determines the fraction of the incident radiation or sound flux absorbed or absorbable by the body
absorció(physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium
acceleració(physics) a rate of increase of velocity
acceleració angular(physics) the rate of change of the angular velocity of a rotating body
adiabàticOccurring without loss or gain of heat / heat
aerodinàmicOf or relating to aerodynamics
amplitud(physics) the maximum displacement of a periodic wave
antinode(physics) the point of maximum displacement in a periodic system
atraient, magnèticHaving the properties of a magnet
coherent(physics) of waves having a constant phase relation
col·lisió, impacte, topada, xoc(physics) a brief event in which two or more bodies come together
congelar-se, congelar, fargar, forjar, gelar-se, gelar, glaçar-se, glaçarchange from a liquid / liquid to a solid when cold
conservació(physics) the maintenance of a certain quantities unchanged during chemical reactions or physical transformations
constant de la gravitació, constant de la gravitació universal(physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation
constant dels gasos(physics) the universal constant in the gas equation
cristal·litzar-se, cristal·litzarCause to form crystals or assume crystalline form
críticAt or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain / sustain a chain ... / chain reaction
descarregatOf a particle or body or system
descompondre's, desintegrar-se, deteriorar-se, podrir-seLose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current
desimantar, desmagnetitzarmake nonmagnetic
desintegrarCause to undergo fission or lose particles
difusió(physics) the process in which there is movement of a substance from an area of high concentration of that substance to an area of lower concentration
efecte de Coriolis, Efecte de Coriolis(physics) an effect whereby a body moving in a rotating frame of reference experiences the Coriolis force acting perpendicular to the direction of motion and to the axis of rotation
electrificarCharge (a conductor) with electricity
energia(physics) a thermodynamic quantity equivalent to the capacity of a physical system to do work
espal·lació(physics) a nuclear reaction in which a bombarded nucleus breaks up into many particles
estat fonamental(physics) the lowest energy state of an atom or other particle
forces fonamentals, interacció fonamental(physics) the transfer of energy between elementary particles or between an elementary particle and a field or between fields
força, vigor(physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity
físicA scientist trained in physics
gravetat, gravitació(physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the universe
hidrodinàmicOf or relating to hydrodynamics
hiperfiExtremely fine or thin, as in a spectral line split into two or more components
hodoscope(physics) scientific instrument that traces the path of a charged particle
imant(physics) a device that attracts iron and produces a magnetic field
imantar, magnetitzarmake magnetic
inclinació magnètica(physics) the angle that a magnetic needle makes with the plane of the horizon
incoherent(physics) of waves having no stable definite or stable phase relation
inèrcia(physics) the tendency of a body to maintain its state of rest or uniform motion unless acted upon by an external force
isotropia(physics) the property of being isotropic
isòtropHaving properties with uniform values along all axes
ley de Gay-Lussac, llei de les combinacions gasoses(physics) the density of an ideal gas at constant pressure varies inversely with the temperature
liquar, liquidarmake (a solid substance) liquid, as by heating
liquar, liquidarBecome liquid or fluid when heated
llei de Dalton(chemistry and physics) law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture
llei de la termodinàmica(physics) a law governing the relations between states of energy in a closed system
lliureunconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion
llum(physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation
massa en repòs(physics) the mass of a body as measured when the body is at rest relative to an observer, an inherent property of the body
massa gravitatòria(physics) the mass of a body as measured by its gravitational attraction for other bodies
massa inercial(physics) the mass of a body as determined by the second law of motion from the acceleration of the body when it is subjected to a force that is not due to gravity
menisc(physics) the curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid / liquid in a vertical tube
metaestabilidad, metaestabilitatThe quality of a physical system that persists in its existing equilibrium when undisturbed (or only slightly disturbed) but able to pass to a more stable equilibrium when sufficiently disturbed
metastable(of physical systems) continuing in its present state of equilibrium unless sufficiently disturbed to pass to a more stable state of equilibrium
miscible(chemistry, physics) capable of being mixed
molècula(physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
mòdul elàstic(physics) the ratio of the applied stress to the change in shape of an elastic body
node(physics) the point of minimum displacement in a periodic system
nolex(physics) an ideal space in which the coordinate dimensions represent the variables that are required to describe a system or substance
nuclearOf or relating to or constituting / constituting the nucleus of an atom
ona(physics) a movement up and down or back and forth
oscil·lació, vibració(physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean
partícula elemental(physics) a particle that is less complex than an atom
polaritzarCause to vibrate in a definite pattern
potència(physics) the rate of doing work
quantum, quàntum(physics) the smallest discrete quantity of some physical property that a system can possess (according to quantum theory)
quark(physics) hypothetical truly fundamental particle in mesons and baryons
reacció nuclear(physics) a process that alters the energy or structure or composition of atomic nuclei
reactor, reactor nuclear(physics) any of several kinds of apparatus that maintain and control a nuclear reaction for the production of energy or artificial elements
relativistarelating or subject to the special or the general theory of relativity
relativitat, teoria de la relativitat(physics) the theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts
reluctivitat(physics) the resistance of a material to the establishment of a magnetic field in it
repulsiupossessing the ability to repel
reversiblecapable of assuming or producing either of two states
simetria especular(physics) parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system
solidificar-se, solidificarBecome solid
solidificar-se, solidificarmake solid or more solid
solitó(physics) a quantum of energy or quasiparticle that can be propagated as a traveling wave in nonlinear systems and is neither preceded nor followed by another such disturbance
supersimetria, supersimetría(physics) a theory that tries to link the four fundamental forces
tensió(physics) force that produces strain on a physical body
tensió(physics) a stress that produces an elongation of an elastic physical body
teoria cinètica molecular, teoria cinètica(physics) a theory that gases consist of small particles in random motion
teoria corpuscular de la llum, teoria corpuscular(physics) the theory that light is transmitted as a stream of particles
velocitat angular(physics) the rate of change of the angular position of a rotating body
àtom(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
Específicaeronàutica, astronàuticaThe theory and practice of navigation through air or space
astronomia, uranologyThe branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
biofísicaphysics as applied to biological problems
criogèniaThe branch of physics that studies the phenomena that occur at very low temperatures
cristal·lografiaThe branch of science that studies the formation and structure of crystals
electromagnetismeThe branch of physics concerned with electromagnetic phenomena
electrostàticaThe branch of physics that deals with static electricity
electrònicaThe branch of physics that deals with the emission and effects of electrons and with the use of electronic devices
física atòmica, física nuclearThe branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
física d'altes energies, física de partícules, física subatòmicaThe branch of physics that studies subatomic particles and their interactions
física de l'estat sòlidThe branch of physics that studies the properties of materials in the solid state
mecànicaThe branch of physics concerned with the motion / motion of bodies in a frame of reference
mecànica estadísticaThe branch of physics that makes theoretical predictions about the behavior of macroscopic systems on the basis of statistical laws governing its component particles
reologiaThe branch of physics that studies the deformation and flow of matter
termodinàmicaThe branch of physics concerned with the conversion of different forms of energy
òpticaThe branch of physics that studies the physical properties of light
Generalciències naturalsThe sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
Anglèsphysics, natural philosophy
Espanyolfilosofía natural, física
Adjectiusfísicrelating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy
NomsfísicA scientist trained in physics
Català > física: 2 sentits > nom 2, cognition
SentitThe physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something.
EspecíficacústicaThe study of the physical properties of sound
Generalciències naturalsThe sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
Anglèsphysics, physical science
Espanyolfísica

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