HyperDic: filosofía_natural

Español > 1 sentido de l'expresión filosofía natural:
NOMBREcognitionfilosofía natural, físicathe science of matter and energy and their interactions
Español > filosofía natural: 1 sentido > nombre 1, cognition
SentidoThe science of matter and energy and their interactions.
Categoría deabsorbancia(physics) a measure of the extent to which a substance transmits light or other electromagnetic radiation
absorbedor, absorbente, absorbente nuclear(physics) material in a nuclear reactor that absorbs radiation
absorber el shock, eliminar el shockEliminate airborne shock waves from (an explosive)
absorción, absortividad(physics) the property of a body that determines the fraction of the incident radiation or sound flux absorbed or absorbable by the body
absorción(physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium
aceleración(physics) a rate of increase of velocity
activado, excitado(of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive
adiabáticoOccurring without loss or gain of heat / heat
aerodinámica, aerodinámicoOf or relating to aerodynamics
amplitud(physics) the maximum displacement of a periodic wave
atomo, átomo(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
atractivo, atrayente, magnéticoHaving the properties of a magnet
atractor(physics) a point in the ideal multidimensional phase space that is used to describe a system toward which the system tends to evolve regardless of the starting conditions of the system
caóticoOf or relating to a sensitive dependence on initial conditions
choque, colisión, golpe, trompada(physics) a brief event in which two or more bodies come together
coherente(physics) of waves having a constant phase relation
combinable, mezclable, miscible(chemistry, physics) capable of being mixed
congelarse, congelar, helarse, helarchange from a liquid / liquid to a solid when cold
conservación(physics) the maintenance of a certain quantities unchanged during chemical reactions or physical transformations
cristalizarCause to form crystals or assume crystalline form
críticoAt or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain / sustain a chain ... / chain reaction
cuanto(physics) the smallest discrete quantity of some physical property that a system can possess (according to quantum theory)
cuark, quark(physics) hypothetical truly fundamental particle in mesons and baryons
cuánticoOf or relating to a quantum or capable of existing in only one of two states
descargadoOf a particle or body or system
descomponerse, desintegrarse, deteriorarse, pudrirseLose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current
desimantarmake nonmagnetic
desintegrarCause to undergo fission or lose particles
despolarizarEliminate the polarization of
diabáticoInvolving a transfer of heat
difusión(physics) the process in which there is movement of a substance from an area of high concentration of that substance to an area of lower concentration
dinámicoOf or relating to dynamics
débil de fuerza(physics) an interaction between elementary particles involving neutrinos or antineutrinos that is responsible for certain kinds of radioactive decay
electrificarCharge (a conductor) with electricity
energía(physics) a thermodynamic quantity equivalent to the capacity of a physical system to do work
espalación, estallido(physics) a nuclear reaction in which a bombarded nucleus breaks up into many particles
frente de onda(physics) an imaginary surface joining all points in space that are reached at the same instant by a wave propagating / propagating through a medium
fuerza, vigor(physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity
física, físicoA scientist trained in physics
físil, fisionablecapable of undergoing nuclear fission
gravedad, gravitación(physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the universe
hidrodinámica, hidrodinámicoOf or relating to hydrodynamics
hodoscope(physics) scientific instrument that traces the path of a charged particle
imantar, magnetizarmake magnetic
imán(physics) a device that attracts iron and produces a magnetic field
incombinable, inmezclable(chemistry, physics) incapable of mixing
inercia(physics) the tendency of a body to maintain its state of rest or uniform motion unless acted upon by an external force
interacción fundamental, interacción(physics) the transfer of energy between elementary particles or between an elementary particle and a field or between fields
isotropía(physics) the property of being isotropic
isótropoHaving properties with uniform values along all axes
ley de Dalton(chemistry and physics) law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture
ley de Gay-Lussac(physics) the density of an ideal gas at constant pressure varies inversely with the temperature
ley de la termodinámica(physics) a law governing the relations between states of energy in a closed system
libreunconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion
licuar, liquidarmake (a solid substance) liquid, as by heating
licuar, liquidarBecome liquid or fluid when heated
ligadoheld with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union
luz, luz visible, radiación visible(physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation
masa en reposo, masa invariante(physics) the mass of a body as measured when the body is at rest relative to an observer, an inherent property of the body
masa gravitatoria(physics) the mass of a body as measured by its gravitational attraction for other bodies
masa inercial(physics) the mass of a body as determined by the second law of motion from the acceleration of the body when it is subjected to a force that is not due to gravity
menisco(physics) the curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid / liquid in a vertical tube
mesónicoOf or pertaining to a meson
metaestabilidadThe quality of a physical system that persists in its existing equilibrium when undisturbed (or only slightly disturbed) but able to pass to a more stable equilibrium when sufficiently disturbed
molécula(physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
métricaA function of a topological space that gives, for any two points in the space, a value equal to the distance between them
no críticonot critical
no reactivo(chemistry) not reacting chemically
nuclearOf or relating to or constituting / constituting the nucleus of an atom
onda, ondulación(physics) a movement up and down or back and forth
oscilación, vibración(physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean
partícula elemental(physics) a particle that is less complex than an atom
poder, potencia(physics) the rate of doing work
polarizarCause to vibrate in a definite pattern
reacción nuclear(physics) a process that alters the energy or structure or composition of atomic nuclei
reactivoParticipating readily in reactions
reactor, reactor nuclear(physics) any of several kinds of apparatus that maintain and control a nuclear reaction for the production of energy or artificial elements
relatividad, teoría de la relatividad(physics) the theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts
relativistarelating or subject to the special or the general theory of relativity
reluctancia(physics) opposition to magnetic flux (analogous to electric resistance)
reológicoOf or relating to rheology
repulsivopossessing the ability to repel
reversiblecapable of assuming or producing either of two states
solidificarmake solid or more solid
solidificarse, solidificarBecome solid
solitón(physics) a quantum of energy or quasiparticle that can be propagated as a traveling wave in nonlinear systems and is neither preceded nor followed by another such disturbance
supersimetría(physics) a theory that tries to link the four fundamental forces
tensión(physics) force that produces strain on a physical body
teoría cinética(physics) a theory that gases consist of small particles in random motion
teoría corpuscular(physics) the theory that light is transmitted as a stream of particles
teoría de los quanta(physics) a physical theory that certain properties occur only in discrete amounts (quanta)
transmutación(physics) the change of one chemical element into another (as by nuclear decay or radioactive bombardment)
ángulo de buzamiento, buzamiento magnético, buzamiento, inclinación magnética, inclinación(physics) the angle that a magnetic needle makes with the plane of the horizon
Específicoaeronáutica, astronáuticaThe theory and practice of navigation through air or space
astronomíaThe branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
biofísicaphysics as applied to biological problems
criogeniaThe branch of physics that studies the phenomena that occur at very low temperatures
cristalografíaThe branch of science that studies the formation and structure of crystals
electromagnetismoThe branch of physics concerned with electromagnetic phenomena
electrostáticaThe branch of physics that deals with static electricity
electrónicaThe branch of physics that deals with the emission and effects of electrons and with the use of electronic devices
física atómica, física nuclearThe branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
física de altas energías, física de partículas, física subatómicaThe branch of physics that studies subatomic particles and their interactions
física del estado sólidoThe branch of physics that studies the properties of materials in the solid state
mecánicaThe branch of physics concerned with the motion / motion of bodies in a frame of reference
mecánica estadísticaThe branch of physics that makes theoretical predictions about the behavior of macroscopic systems on the basis of statistical laws governing its component particles
reologíaThe branch of physics that studies the deformation and flow of matter
termodinámicaThe branch of physics concerned with the conversion of different forms of energy
ópticaThe branch of physics that studies the physical properties of light
Generalciencia natural, ciencias de la naturaleza, ciencias naturalesThe sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
Inglésphysics, natural philosophy
Adjetivofísicorelating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy
Nombresfísica, físicoA scientist trained in physics

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