Meaning | A person skilled in mathematics. |
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Category | mathematics, math, maths | A science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic / logic of quantity and shape and arrangement |
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Instances | Abel, Niels Abel, Niels Henrik Abel | Norwegian mathematician (1802-1829) |
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Alhazen, Alhacen, al-Haytham, Ibn al-Haytham, Al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham | An Egyptian polymath (born in Iraq) whose research in geometry and optics was influential into the 17th century |

Archimedes | Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC) |

Bayes, Thomas Bayes | English mathematician for whom Bayes' theorem is named (1702-1761) |

Bernoulli, Jakob Bernoulli, Jacques Bernoulli, James Bernoulli | Swiss mathematician (1654-1705) |

Bernoulli, Johann Bernoulli, Jean Bernoulli, John Bernoulli | Swiss mathematician (1667-1748) |

Bessel, Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel | German mathematician and astronomer who made accurate measurements of stellar distances and who predicted the existence on an 8th planet (1784-1846) |

Boole, George Boole | English mathematician |

Bowditch, Nathaniel Bowditch | United States mathematician and astronomer noted for his works on navigation (1773-1838) |

Condorcet, Marquis de Condorcet, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat | French mathematician and philosopher (1743-1794) |

Descartes, Rene Descartes | French philosopher and mathematician |

Diophantus | Greek mathematician who was the first to try to develop an algebraic notation (3rd century) |

Eratosthenes | Greek mathematician and astronomer who estimated the circumference of the earth and the distances to the Moon and sun (276-194 BC) |

Euler, Leonhard Euler | Swiss mathematician (1707-1783) |

Fermat, Pierre de Fermat | French mathematician who founded number theory |

Fourier, Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, Baron Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier | French mathematician who developed Fourier analysis and studied the conduction of heat / heat (1768-1830) |

Galois, Evariste Galois | French mathematician who described the conditions for solving polynomial equations |

Gauss, Karl Gauss, Karl Friedrich Gauss | German mathematician who developed the theory of numbers and who applied mathematics to electricity and magnetism and astronomy and geodesy (1777-1855) |

Godel, Kurt Godel | United States mathematician (born in Austria) who is remembered principally for demonstrating the limitations of axiomatic systems (1906-1978) |

Hamilton, William Rowan Hamilton, Sir William Rowan Hamilton | Irish mathematician (1806-1865) |

Hero, Heron, Hero of Alexandria | Greek mathematician and inventor who devised a way to determine the area of a triangle and who described various mechanical devices (first century) |

Hilbert, David Hilbert | German mathematician (1862-1943) |

Hipparchus | Greek astronomer and mathematician who discovered the precession of the equinoxes and made the first known star chart and is said to have invented trigonometry (second century BC) |

Jacobi, Karl Gustav Jacob Jacobi | German mathematician (1804-1851) |

Klein, Felix Klein | German mathematician who created the Klein bottle (1849-1925) |

Kronecker, Leopold Kronecker | German mathematician (1823-1891) |

Laplace, Marquis de Laplace, Pierre Simon de Laplace | French mathematician and astronomer who formulated the nebular hypothesis concerning the origins of the solar system and who developed the theory of probability (1749-1827) |

Leibniz, Leibnitz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz | German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716) |

Lobachevsky, Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky | Russian mathematician who independently discovered non-Euclidean geometry (1792-1856) |

Mandelbrot, Benoit Mandelbrot | French mathematician (born in Poland) noted for inventing fractals (born in 1924) |

Markov, Andrei Markov, Markoff, Andre Markoff | Russian mathematician (1856-1922) |

Minkowski, Hermann Minkowski | German mathematician (born in Russia) who suggested the concept of four-dimensional space-time (1864-1909) |

Mobius, August F. Mobius, August Ferdinand Mobius | German mathematician responsible for the Mobius strip (1790-1868) |

Muller, Johann Muller, Regiomontanus | German mathematician and astronomer (1436-1476) |

Napier, John Napier | Scottish mathematician who invented logarithms |

Newton, Isaac Newton, Sir Isaac Newton | English mathematician and physicist |

Noether, Emmy Noether | German mathematician (1882-1935) |

Omar Khayyam | Persian poet and mathematician and astronomer whose poetry was popularized by Edward Fitzgerald's translation (1050-1123) |

Pascal, Blaise Pascal | French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist |

Peirce, Benjamin Peirce | United States mathematician and astronomer remembered for his studies / studies of Uranus and Saturn and Neptune (1809-1880) |

Pythagoras | Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem |

Riemann, Bernhard Riemann, Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann | pioneer of non-Euclidean geometry (1826-1866) |

Turing, Alan Turing, Alan Mathison Turing | English mathematician who conceived of the Turing machine and broke German codes during World War II (1912-1954) |

Veblen, Oswald Veblen | United States mathematician (1880-1960) |

Vernier, Paul Vernier | French mathematician who described the vernier scale (1580-1637) |

Weil, Andre Weil | United States mathematician (born in France) (1906-1998) |

Whitehead, Alfred North Whitehead | English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (1861-1947) |

Wiener, Norbert Wiener | United States mathematician and founder of cybernetics (1894-1964) |

von Neumann, Neumann, John von Neumann | United States mathematician who contributed to the development of atom bombs and of stored-program digital computers (1903-1957) |

Narrower | algebraist | A mathematician whose specialty is algebra |
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arithmetician | someone who specializes in arithmetic |

geometer, geometrician | A mathematician specializing in geometry |

number theorist | A mathematician specializing in number theory |

probability theorist | A mathematician who specializes in probability theory |

statistician, mathematical statistician | A mathematician who specializes in statistics |

trigonometrician | A mathematician specializing in trigonometry |

Broader | scientist | A person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences |
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Spanish | matemática, matemático |
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Catalan | matemàtic |
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Nouns | mathematics | a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic / logic of quantity and shape and arrangement |
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