HyperDic: enzyme

English > 1 sense of the word enzyme:
NOUNsubstanceenzymeany of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
enzyme > pronunciation
RhymesAnaheim ... wintertime: 52 rhymes with aym...
English > enzyme: 1 sense > noun 1, substance
MeaningAny of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions.
Partsactive siteThe part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction occurs
Narroweradenosine deaminase, ADAAn enzyme found in mammals that can catalyze the deamination of adenosine into inosine and ammonia
amylaseAny of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants
catalaseenzyme found in most plant and animal cells that functions as an oxidative catalyst
cholinesteraseAn enzyme that hydrolyses acetylcholine (into choline and acetic acid)
coagulaseAn enzyme that induces coagulation
collagenaseAny enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of collagen and gelatin
complementOne of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response
cyclooxygenase, CoxEither of two related enzymes that control the production of prostaglandins and are blocked by aspirin
de-iodinaseAn enzyme that removes the iodine radical
decarboxylaseAny of the enzymes that hydrolize the carboxyl group
disaccharidaseAn enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of disaccharides into monosaccharides
elastaseA pancreatic enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of elastin
enterokinaseenzyme in the intestinal juice that converts inactive trypsinogen into active trypsin
histaminaseenzyme that acts as a catalyst in converting histidine to histamine
hyaluronidase, spreading factor, HyazymeAn enzyme (trade name Hyazyme) that splits hyaluronic acid and so lowers its viscosity and increases the permeability of connective tissue and the absorption of fluids
isomeraseAn enzyme that catalyzes its substrate to an isomeric form
kinaseAn enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of a proenzyme to an active enzyme
lipaseAn enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the breakdown of fats into individual fatty acids that can be absorbed into the bloodstream
lysozyme, muramidaseAn enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria
monoamine oxidase, MAOAn enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of many body compounds (e.g., epinephrine and norepinephrine and serotonin)
nitrogenaseAn enzyme of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms that catalyzes the conversion of nitrogen to ammonia
nucleasegeneral term for enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleic acid by cleaving chains of nucleotides into smaller units
oxidaseAny of the enzymes that catalyze biological oxidation
oxidoreductaseAn enzyme that catalyzes oxidation-reduction
papainA proteolytic enzyme obtained from the unripe papaya
penicillinase, beta-lactamaseenzyme produced by certain bacteria that inactivates penicillin and results in resistance to that antibiotic
pepsinAn enzyme produced in the stomach that splits proteins into peptones
pepsinogenPrecursor of pepsin
phosphataseAny of a group of enzymes that act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of organic phosphates
plasmin, fibrinolysinAn enzyme that dissolves the fibrin of blood clots
polymeraseAn enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA from an existing strand of DNA or RNA
protease, peptidase, proteinase, proteolytic enzymeAny enzyme that catalyzes the splitting of proteins into smaller peptide fractions and amino acids by a process known as proteolysis
reductaseAn enzyme that catalyses the biochemical reduction of some specified substance
rennin, chymosinAn enzyme that occurs in gastric juice
secretaseA set of enzymes believed to snip pieces off a longer protein producing fragments of amyloid protein that bunch ... / bunch up and create amyloid protein plaques in brain tissue (the pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's)
streptodornaseAn enzyme produced by some hemolytic strains of streptococcus that dissolves fibrinous secretions from infections
streptokinaseAn enzyme produced by some strains of streptococcus that can liquefy blood clots by converting plasminogen to plasmin
superoxide dismutase, SODAn enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of superoxide into hydrogen peroxide and oxygen
telomeraseAn enzyme in eukaryotic cells that can add telomeres to the ends of chromosomes after they divide
transferaseAny of various enzymes that move a chemical group from one compound to another compound
trypsinAn enzyme of pancreatic origin
ureaseAn enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of urea into carbon dioxide and ammonia
zymaseA complex of enzymes that cause glycolysis
Broadercatalyst, accelerator(chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
proteinAny of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells
Spanishenzima, enzimas
Adjectivesenzymaticof or relating to or produced by an enzyme
nonenzymaticnot relating to or produced by enzymes
zymoidresembling an enzyme

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