HyperDic: chromosome

English > 1 sense of the word chromosome:
NOUNbodychromosomea threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
chromosome > pronunciation
Soundskrow'mahsow.m; krow'mahzow.m
Rhymesaerodrome ... tome: 31 rhymes with owm...
English > chromosome: 1 sense > noun 1, body
MeaningA threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order.
Example"humans have 22 chromosome pairs plus two sex chromosomes"
Part ofnucleus, cell nucleus, karyonA part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
Partscentromere, kinetochoreA specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
chromatidOne of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits during mitosis
chromatin, chromatin granuleThe readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins
gene, cistron, factor(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain
nucleolus organizer, nucleolus organiser, nucleolar organizer, nucleolar organiserThe particular part of a chromosome that is associated with a nucleolus after nuclear division
telomereEither (free) end of a eukaryotic chromosome
Narroweracentric chromosomeA chromosome lacking a centromere
acrocentric chromosomeA chromosome with the centromere near one end so that one chromosomal arm is short and one is long
autosome, somatic chromosomeAny chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
metacentric chromosomeA chromosome having two equal arms because the centromere is in median position
sex chromosome(genetics) a chromosome that determines the sex of an individual
telocentric chromosomeA chromosome like a straight rod with the centromere in terminal position
BroaderbodyAn individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects
Adjectiveschromosomalof or relating to a chromosome

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