HyperDic: amino_acid

English > 1 sense of the expression amino acid:
NOUNsubstanceamino acid, aminoalkanoic acidorganic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group
English > amino acid: 1 sense > noun 1, substance
Meaningorganic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group.
Example"proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
Synonymaminoalkanoic acid
NarroweralanineA crystalline amino acid that occurs in many proteins
asparagineA crystalline amino acid found in proteins and in many plants (e.g., asparagus)
aspartic acidA crystalline amino acid found in proteins and occurring naturally in sugar beets and sugar ... / sugar cane
canavanineAn amino acid found in the jack bean
citrullineAn amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is an intermediate in the conversion of ornithine to arginine
creatine, creatinAn amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine
cysteineAn amino acid containing sulfur that is found in most proteins
cystineA crystalline amino acid found in proteins (especially keratin)
dopa, dihydroxyphenylalanineamino acid that is formed in the liver and converted into dopamine in the brain
essential amino acidAn amino acid that is required by animals but that they cannot synthesize
gamma aminobutyric acid, GABAAn amino acid that is found in the central nervous system
glutamic acid, glutaminic acidAn amino acid occurring in proteins
glutamineA crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins
glycineThe simplest amino acid found in proteins and the principal amino acid in sugar ... / sugar cane
hydroxyprolineA crystalline amino acid obtained from gelatin or collagen
iodoamino acidAn amino acid with iodine added
ornithineAn amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is important in the formation of urea
prolineAn amino acid that is found in many proteins (especially collagen)
sarcosineA sweetish crystalline amino acid
serineA sweetish crystalline amino acid involved in the synthesis by the body of cysteine
thyronineA phenolic amino acid of which thyroxine is a derivative
tyramineamino acid derived from tyrosine
tyrosineAn amino acid found in most proteins
Broaderorganic compoundAny compound of carbon and another element or a radical
Substance ofproteinAny of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells
Spanishaminoácido
Catalanaminoàcid

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