HyperDic: enzima

Español > 1 sentido de la palabra enzima:
NOMBREsubstanceenzima, enzimasany of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
Español > enzima: 1 sentido > nombre 1, substance
SentidoAny of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions.
Sinónimoenzimas
Partessitio activoThe part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction occurs
EspecíficoamilasaAny of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants
betalactamasaenzyme produced by certain bacteria that inactivates penicillin and results in resistance to that antibiotic
catalasaenzyme found in most plant and animal cells that functions as an oxidative catalyst
ciclooxigenasaEither of two related enzymes that control the production of prostaglandins and are blocked by aspirin
cinasa, quinasaAn enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of a proenzyme to an active enzyme
coagulasaAn enzyme that induces coagulation
colagenasaAny enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of collagen and gelatin
colinesterasaAn enzyme that hydrolyses acetylcholine (into choline and acetic acid)
complementoOne of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response
descarboxilasaAny of the enzymes that hydrolize the carboxyl group
disacaridasaAn enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of disaccharides into monosaccharides
elastasaA pancreatic enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of elastin
estreptoquinasaAn enzyme produced by some strains of streptococcus that can liquefy blood clots by converting plasminogen to plasmin
fibrinolisinalasa, fibrinolisina, plasmina, plasminógeno, profibrinolisinaAn enzyme that dissolves the fibrin of blood clots
fosfatasaAny of a group of enzymes that act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of organic phosphates
hialuronidasaAn enzyme (trade name Hyazyme) that splits hyaluronic acid and so lowers its viscosity and increases the permeability of connective tissue and the absorption of fluids
histaminasaenzyme that acts as a catalyst in converting histidine to histamine
isomerasaAn enzyme that catalyzes its substrate to an isomeric form
lipasaAn enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the breakdown of fats into individual fatty acids that can be absorbed into the bloodstream
lisozimaAn enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria
nitrogenasaAn enzyme of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms that catalyzes the conversion of nitrogen to ammonia
nucleasageneral term for enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleic acid by cleaving chains of nucleotides into smaller units
oxidasaAny of the enzymes that catalyze biological oxidation
oxidoreductasa, oxidoreductor, oxidorreductasaAn enzyme that catalyzes oxidation-reduction
papaínaA proteolytic enzyme obtained from the unripe papaya
pepsinaAn enzyme produced in the stomach that splits proteins into peptones
pepsinógenoPrecursor of pepsin
peptidasa, proteasaAny enzyme that catalyzes the splitting of proteins into smaller peptide fractions and amino acids by a process known as proteolysis
polimerasaAn enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA from an existing strand of DNA or RNA
quimosina, reninaAn enzyme that occurs in gastric juice
reductasaAn enzyme that catalyses the biochemical reduction of some specified substance
superóxido dismutasaAn enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of superoxide into hydrogen peroxide and oxygen
telomerasaAn enzyme in eukaryotic cells that can add telomeres to the ends of chromosomes after they divide
transferasaAny of various enzymes that move a chemical group from one compound to another compound
tripsinaAn enzyme of pancreatic origin
ureasaAn enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of urea into carbon dioxide and ammonia
zimasaA complex of enzymes that cause glycolysis
Generalacelerador, catalizador(chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
proteina, proteína, proteínasAny of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells
Inglésenzyme
Catalánenzim
AdjetivoenzimáticoOf or relating to or produced by an enzyme
fermentanteresembling an enzyme

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