HyperDic: phytology

English > 1 sense of the word phytology:
NOUNcognitionphytology, botanythe branch of biology that studies plants
English > phytology: 1 sense > noun 1, cognition
MeaningThe branch of biology that studies plants.
Category ofPlantae, kingdom Plantae, plant kingdom(botany) the taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct plants
acarpelous, acarpellousHaving no carpels
acaulescent, stemless(of plants) having no apparent stem above ground
achlamydeousnot having a floral envelope or perianth
acropetalOf leaves or flowers
acroscopicfacing or on the side toward the apex
acyclicnot cyclic
aerialExisting or living or growing or operating in the air
aggregateComposed of a dense cluster of separate units such as carpels or florets or drupelets
alliaceousOf or pertaining to the botanical genus Allium
alternateOf leaves and branches etc
annual, one-yearcompleting its life cycle within a year
annual(botany) a plant that completes its entire life cycle within the space of a year
antheral, staminatecapable of fertilizing female organs
aphyllousHaving no leaves
apogamic, apogametic, apogamousOf or relating to the development of an embryo in the absence of fertilization
apogamy(botany) development of an embryo without fertilization
apomictic, apomicticalOf or relating to a plant that reproduces by apomixis
apophysis(botany) a natural swelling or enlargement
apothecialOf or relating to the apothecium of some lichens and fungi
archegonial, archegoniateOf or relating to an archegonium
archesporialOf or relating to the cells in a sporangium that give rise to spores
ariled, arillate(of some seeds) having a fleshy and usually brightly colored cover
aroid, araceousrelating to a plant of the family Araceae
arthrosporic, arthrosporousOf or relating to arthrospores
asclepiadaceousOf or relating to plants of the milkweed family
ascocarpousOf or relating to ascocarps
ascosporic, ascosporousOf or relating to ascospores
assurgentGrowing or extending upward
autogamous, autogamicCharacterized by or fit for autogamy
autotrophic, autophyticOf or relating to organisms (as green plants) that can make complex organic nutritive compounds from simple inorganic sources by photosynthesis
axile, axialrelating to or attached to the axis
axillary, alarOf or relating to the axil
basidiomycetouspertaining to or characteristic of fungi of the class Basidiomycetes
basidiosporousOf or relating to or characterized by spores produced by basidia
basifixedattached by its base (as certain anthers to their filaments or stalks)
basipetalOf leaves or flowers
basiscopicfacing or on the side toward the base
bicapsulardivided into two capsules or having a two-part capsule
biennial, two-yearHaving a life cycle lasting two seasons
biennial(botany) a plant having a life cycle that normally takes two seasons from germination to death to complete
bifiddivided into two lobes
bilabiate, two-lippedHaving two lips
bladedHaving a blade or blades
blister(botany) a swelling on a plant similar to that on the skin
brachiateHaving widely spreading paired branches
bryophyticrelating to plants of the division Bryophyta
bullateOf leaves
callus(botany) an isolated thickening of tissue, especially a stiff protuberance on the lip of an orchid
calyceal, calycine, calycinalOf or relating to or resembling a calyx
calyx(botany) the whorl of sepals of a flower collectively forming the outer floral envelope or layer of the perianth enclosing and supporting the developing bud
cambialOf or relating to or functioning as a cambium
cancellate, cancellated, clathrateHaving a latticelike structure pierced with holes or windows
capsularOf or relating to a capsule
capsulate, capsulatedUsed of seeds or spores that are enclosed in a capsule
carpellate, pistillatebearing or consisting of carpels
caulescent, cauline, stemmed(of plants) producing a well-developed stem above ground
caulineespecially of leaves
chlamydeousHaving a floral envelope or perianth consisting of a calyx and/or corolla
cohesion(botany) the process in some plants of parts growing together that are usually separate (such as petals)
coma(botany) a usually terminal tuft of bracts (as in the pineapple) or tuft of hairs (especially on certain seeds)
comate, comosebearing a coma
comate, comose, comalOf certain seeds (such as cotton) having a tuft or tufts of hair
compositeOf or relating to or belonging to the plant family Compositae
compoundComposed of more than one part
convolute, convolutedRolled longitudinally upon itself
corolla(botany) the whorl of petals of a flower that collectively form an inner floral envelope or layer of the perianth
corona(botany) the trumpet-shaped or cup-shaped outgrowth of the corolla of a daffodil or narcissus flower
cruciferousOf or relating to or belonging to the plant family Cruciferae
cyclicforming a whorl or having parts arranged in a whorl
cymoseHaving a usually flat-topped flower cluster in which the main and branch stems each end in a flower that opens before those below it or to its side
determinatenot continuing to grow indefinitely at the apex
dextrorse, dextrorsalspiraling upward from left to right
diclinousHaving pistils and stamens in separate flowers
dissilienceThe emergence of seeds as seed pods burst open when they are ripe
division(botany) taxonomic unit of plants corresponding to a phylum
doubleUsed of flowers having more than the usual / usual number of petals in crowded or overlapping arrangements
embryo(botany) a minute rudimentary plant contained within a seed or an archegonium
endogamous, endogamicCharacterized by or fit for fertilization by pollen from another flower of the same kind
epiphyticOf or relating to epiphytes
estivation, aestivation(botany) the arrangement of sepals and petals in a flower bud before it opens
etiolation(botany) the act of causing a plant to develop without chlorophyll by growing it without exposure to sunlight
exogamous, exogamicCharacterized by or fit for fertilization by a flower that is not closely related
fastigiateHaving clusters of erect branches (often appearing to form a single column)
foliate(often used as a combining form) having or resembling a leaf or having a specified kind or number of leaves
foliation, leafing(botany) the process of forming leaves
foliolate(often used as a combining form) having leaflets (compound leaves) or a specified kind or number of leaflets
germ tube(botany) a slender tubular outgrowth from a spore in germination
heterotrophicrequiring organic compounds of carbon and nitrogen for nourishment
homostylous, homostylic, homostyled(botany) having styles all of the same length
imbricate, imbricatedUsed especially of leaves or bracts
indeterminateHaving a capacity for continuing to grow at the apex
involucrateHaving an involucre
involute, rolledespecially of petals or leaves in bud
inward-developingToward an axis, as in a sunflower
ligneousConsisting of or containing lignin or xylem
ligule(botany) any appendage to a plant that is shaped like a strap
lip(botany) either of the two parts of a bilabiate corolla or calyx
lithophyticOf or relating to lithophytes
lobe(botany) a part into which a leaf is divided
monoclinousHaving pistils and stamens in the same flower
myrmecophyticOf or relating to myrmecophytes
naturalist, natural scientistA biologist knowledgeable about natural history (especially botany and zoology)
node, leaf node(botany) the small swelling that is the part of a plant stem from which one or more leaves emerge
opposite, pairedOf leaves etc
outward-developingAway from an axis, as in a flower cluster in which the oldest flowers are in the center, the youngest near the edge
panicledHaving panicles
paniculateHaving a panicle
papilla(botany) a tiny outgrowth on the surface of a petal or leaf
parthenocarpy(botany) the development of a fruit without fertilization or seeds
pentamerousdivided into five parts
perenniallasting three seasons or more
perennial(botany) a plant lasting / lasting for three seasons or more
peristome(botany) fringe of toothlike appendages surrounding the mouth of a moss capsule
phellem, cork(botany) outer tissue of bark
phloem, bast(botany) tissue that conducts synthesized food substances (e.g., from leaves) to parts where needed
phyllodialHaving a phyllode
phytohormone, plant hormone, growth regulator(botany) a plant product that acts like a hormone
pistillateHaving gynoecia, or pistils, the ovule-bearing organ of a seed plant
pitcher(botany) a leaf that that is modified in such a way as to resemble a pitcher or ewer
plant, flora, plant life(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion
pollen tube(botany) a slender tubular outgrowth from a pollen grain when deposited on the stigma for a flower
precociousAppearing or developing early
racemoseHaving stalked flowers along an elongated stem that continue to open in succession from below as the stem continues to grow
radical, basalespecially of leaves
root(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes
roughOf the margin of a leaf shape
rugoseOf leaves
scaposeresembling or consisting of a scape
scurf(botany) a covering that resembles scales or bran that covers some plant parts
self-pollinatingOf or relating to or characteristic of self-pollination
simple, unsubdivided(botany) of leaf shapes
singleUsed of flowers having usually only one row or whorl of petals
sinistrorse, sinistrorsalspiraling upward from right to left
smoothOf the margin of a leaf shape
spicateHaving or relating to spikes
spike(botany) an indeterminate inflorescence bearing sessile flowers on an unbranched axis
sporulateconvert into spores
sporulateproduce spores
squamuloseCovered with tiny scales
style(botany) the narrow elongated part of the pistil between the ovary and the stigma
taproot(botany) main root of a plant growing straight downward from the stem
tereteespecially of plant parts
tomentoseCovered with densely matted filaments
toruloseOf a cylindrical or ellipsoid body
trifiddivided into three lobes
umbelliferousrelating to or belonging to plants of the family Umbelliferae
umbelliformresembling or in the form of an umbel
venation(botany) the arrangement of veins in a leaf
vernation(botany) the arrangement of young / young leaves in a leaf bud before it opens
NarrowermycologyThe branch of botany that studies fungi and fungus-caused diseases
paleobotany, palaeobotanyThe study of fossil plants
phycology, algologyThe branch of botany that studies algae
pomologyThe branch of botany that studies and cultivates fruits
pteridologyThe branch of botany that studies ferns
Broaderbiology, biological scienceThe science that studies living organisms
Catalanbotànica, fitologia
Nounsphytologista biologist specializing in the study of plants

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