HyperDic: old_testament

English > 1 sense of the expression Old Testament:
NOUNcommunicationOld Testamentthe collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people
English > Old Testament: 1 sense > noun 1, communication
MeaningThe collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first half of the Christian Bible.
Category ofAaron(Old Testament) elder brother of Moses and first high priest of the Israelites / Israelites
Abel(Old Testament) Cain and Abel were the first children of Adam and Eve born after the Fall of Man
Adam(Old Testament) in Judeo-Christian mythology
Bathsheba(Old Testament) the wife of Uriah and later the wife of king David
Belshazzar(Old Testament) Babylonian general and son of Nebuchadnezzar II
Benjamin(Old Testament) the youngest and best-loved son of Jacob and Rachel and one of the twelve forebears of the tribes of Israel
Cain(Old Testament) Cain and Abel were the first children of Adam and Eve born after the Fall of Man
Daniel(Old Testament) a youth who was taken into the court of Nebuchadnezzar and given divine protection when thrown into a den of lions (6th century BC)
David(Old Testament) the 2nd king of the Israelites / Israelites
Dead Sea scrolls(Old Testament) a collection of written scrolls (containing nearly all of the Old Testament) found in a cave near the Dead Sea in the late 1940s
Delilah(Old Testament) the Philistine mistress of Samson who betrayed him by cutting off his hair and so deprived him of his strength
Esau(Old Testament) the eldest son of Isaac who would have inherited the covenant that God made with Abraham and that Abraham passed on to Isaac
Esther(Old Testament) a beautiful Jewess chosen by the king of Persia to be his queen
Eve(Old Testament) Adam's wife in Judeo-Christian mythology
Fall of Man(Judeo-Christian mythology) when Adam and Eve ate of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil in the Garden of Eden, God punished them by driving them out of the Garden of Eden and into the world where they would be subject to sickness and pain and eventual death
Goliath(Old Testament) a giant Philistine warrior who was slain by David with a slingshot
Gomorrah, Gomorrha(Old Testament) an ancient city near the Dead Sea that (along with Sodom) was destroyed by God for the vice and depravity of its inhabitants
Ham(Old Testament) son of Noah
Haman(Old Testament) the minister of the Persian emperor who hated the Jews and was hanged for plotting to massacre them
Hebrews, IsraelitesThe ethnic group claiming descent from Abraham and Isaac (especially from Isaac's son Jacob)
Hezekiah, Ezekias(Old Testament) king of Judah who abolished idolatry (715-687 BC)
Isaac(Old Testament) the second patriarch
Isaiah(Old Testament) the first of the major Hebrew prophets (8th century BC)
Ishmael(Old Testament) the son of Abraham who was cast out after the birth of Isaac
Issachar(Old Testament) a son of Jacob and a forebear of one of the tribes of Israel
Jacob(Old Testament) son of Isaac
Japheth(Old Testament) son of Noah
Jeremiah(Old Testament) an Israelite prophet who is remembered for his angry lamentations (jeremiads) about the wickedness of his people (circa 626-587 BC)
Jeroboam, Jeroboam I(Old Testament) first king of the northern kingdom of Israel who led Israel into sin (10th century BC)
Jonah(Old Testament) Jonah did not wish to become a prophet so God caused a great storm to throw him overboard from a ship
Joseph(Old Testament) the 11th son of Jacob and one of the 12 patriarchs of Israel
Joshua(Old Testament) Moses' successor who led the Israelites / Israelites into the Promised Land
Judah(Old Testament) the fourth son of Jacob who was forebear of one of the tribes of Israel
Lot(Old Testament) nephew of Abraham
Lot's wife(Old Testament) when God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, Lot and his family were told to flee without looking back
Methuselah(Old Testament) a patriarch (grandfather of Noah) who is said to have lived 969 years
Michael(Old Testament) the guardian archangel of the Jews
Moses(Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites / Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus
Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar II, Nebuchadrezzar, Nebuchadrezzar II(Old Testament) king of Chaldea who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites / Israelites to Babylonia (630?-562 BC)
Nimrod(Old Testament) a famous hunter
Paralipomenon(Old Testament) an obsolete name for the Old Testament books of I Chronicles and II Chronicles which were regarded as supplementary to Kings
Rachel(Old Testament) the second wife of Jacob and mother of Joseph and Benjamin
Rebecca, Rebekah(Old Testament) wife of Isaac and mother of Jacob and Esau
Reuben(Old Testment) a son of Jacob and forefather of one of the tribes of Israel
Samson(Old Testament) a judge of Israel who performed herculean / herculean feats of strength against the Philistines until he was betrayed to them by his mistress Delilah
Samuel(Old Testament) Hebrew prophet and judge who anointed Saul as king
Sarah(Old Testament) the wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac
Saul(Old Testament) the first king of the Israelites / Israelites who defended Israel against many enemies (especially the Philistines)
Seth(Old Testament) third son of Adam and Eve
Shem(Old Testament) eldest son of Noah
Simeon(Old Testament) the 2nd son of Jacob and one of the 12 patriarchs of Israel
Sodom(Old Testament) an ancient city near the Dead Sea that (along with Gomorrah) was destroyed by God for the wickedness of its inhabitants
Solomon(Old Testament) son of David and king of Israel noted for his wisdom / wisdom / wisdom / wisdom (10th century BC)
Uriah(Old Testament) the husband of Bathsheba and a soldier who was sent to die in battle so that king David could marry his wife (circa 10th century BC)
burning bush(Old Testament) the bush that burned without being consumed and from which God spoke to Moses
fire and brimstone(Old Testament) God's means of destroying sinners
golden calf(Old Testament) an idol made by Aaron for the Israelites / Israelites to worship
laver(Old Testament) large basin used by a priest in an ancient Jewish temple to perform ritual ablutions
miraculous food, manna, manna from heaven(Old Testament) food that God gave the Israelites / Israelites during the Exodus
stacte(Old Testament) one of several sweet-smelling spices / spices used in incense
InstancesSeptuagintThe oldest Greek version / version of the Old Testament
Part ofBible, Christian Bible, Book, Good Book, Holy Scripture, Holy Writ, Scripture, Word of God, WordThe sacred writings of the Christian religions
PartsAmos, Book of AmosAn Old Testament book telling Amos's prophecies
Apocrypha14 books of the Old Testament included in the Vulgate (except for II Esdras) but omitted in Jewish and Protestant versions of the Bible
Daniel, Book of Daniel, Book of the Prophet DanielAn Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic / apocalyptic visions / visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar
Ecclesiastes, Book of EcclesiastesAn Old Testament book consisting of reflections on the vanity of human life
Esther, Book of EstherAn Old Testament book telling of a beautiful Jewess who became queen of Persia and saved her people from massacre
Exodus, Book of ExodusThe second book of the Old Testament
Ezekiel, Ezechiel, Book of EzekielAn Old Testament book containing Ezekiel's prophecies of the downfall of Jerusalem and Judah and their subsequent restoration
Ezra, Book of EzraAn Old Testament book telling of a rabbi's efforts in the 5th century BC to reconstitute Jewish law and worship in Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity
Genesis, Book of GenesisThe first book of the Old Testament
Habakkuk, Habacuc, Book of HabakkukAn Old Testament book telling Habakkuk's prophecies
Haggai, Aggeus, Book of HaggaiAn Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Haggai which are concerned mainly with rebuilding the temples after the Babylonian Captivity
Hosea, Book of HoseaAn Old Testament book telling Hosea's prophecies
II Chronicles, 2 ChroniclesThe second of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC
II Kings, 2 KingsThe second of two Old Testament books telling the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel
II Samuel, 2 SamuelThe second of two books of the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David
I Chronicles, 1 ChroniclesThe first of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC
I Kings, 1 KingsThe first of two Old Testament books telling the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel
I Samuel, 1 SamuelThe first of two books in the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David
Isaiah, Book of IsaiahAn Old Testament book consisting of Isaiah's prophecies
Jeremiah, Book of JeremiahA book in the Old Testament containing the oracles of the prophet Jeremiah
Job, Book of JobA book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply
Joel, Book of JoelAn Old Testament book telling Joel's prophecies
Jonah, Book of JonahA book in the Old Testament that tells the story of Jonah and the whale
Joshua, Josue, Book of JoshuaA book in the Old Testament describing how Joshua led the Israelites / Israelites into Canaan (the Promised Land) after the death of Moses
Judges, Book of JudgesA book of the Old Testament that tells the history of Israel under the leaders known as judges
Lamentations, Book of LamentationsAn Old Testament book lamenting the desolation of Judah after the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BC
Leviticus, Book of LeviticusThe third book of the Old Testament
Micah, Micheas, Book of MicahAn Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Micah foretelling the destruction of Jerusalem
Nahum, Book of NahumAn Old Testament book telling Nahum's prophecy of the fall of Nineveh
Nehemiah, Book of NehemiahAn Old Testament book telling how a Jewish official at the court of Artaxerxes I in 444 BC became a leader in rebuilding Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity
Numbers, Book of NumbersThe fourth book of the Old Testament
Obadiah, Abdias, Book of ObadiahAn Old Testament book telling Obadiah's prophecies
Proverbs, Book of ProverbsAn Old Testament book consisting of proverbs from various Israeli sages (including Solomon)
PsalmOne of the 150 lyrical poems and prayers that comprise the Book of Psalms in the Old Testament
Psalms, Book of PsalmsAn Old Testament book consisting of a collection of 150 Psalms
Ruth, Book of RuthA book of the Old Testament that tells the story of Ruth who was not an Israelite but who married an Israelite and who stayed with her mother-in-law Naomi after her husband died
Song of Songs, Song of Solomon, Canticle of Canticles, CanticlesAn Old Testament book consisting of a collection of love poems traditionally attributed to Solomon but actually written much later
Torah, Pentateuch, LawsThe first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
Zechariah, Zacharias, Book of ZachariahAn Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Zechariah which are concerned mainly with the renewal of Israel after the Babylonian Captivity
Zephaniah, Sophonias, Book of ZephaniahAn Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Zephaniah which are concerned mainly with the approaching judgment by God upon the sinners of Judah
Broaderwill, testamentA legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die
SpanishAntiguo Testamento
CatalanAntic Testament

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