HyperDic: grammar

English > 1 sense of the word grammar:
NOUNcognitiongrammarthe branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
grammar > pronunciation
RhymesAmor ... Zimmer: 100 rhymes with mer...
English > grammar: 1 sense > noun 1, cognition
MeaningThe branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics).
Category ofactive, dynamic(used of verbs (e.g. 'to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. 'running' in 'running water')) expressing action rather than a state of being
activeExpressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor
agreeshow grammatical agreement
aoristicOf or relating to the aorist tense
article(grammar) a determiner that may indicate the specificity of reference of a noun phrase
asyndeticlacking conjunctions
attributive, prenominalOf adjectives
attributive genitiveA word in the genitive case used as an attributive adjective
attributivelyIn an attributive manner
clause(grammar) an expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence
constituent, grammatical constituent(grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger / larger grammatical construction
contrastivesyntactically establishing a relation of contrast between sentences or elements of a sentence
coordinating, coordinativeServing to connect two grammatical constituents of identical construction
copulativesyntactically connecting sentences or elements of a sentence
correlativeExpressing a reciprocal or complementary relation
dependent, subordinate(of a clause) unable to stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence
endocentricfulfilling the grammatical role of one of its constituents
exocentricnot fulfilling the same grammatical role of any of its constituents
finiteOf verbs
futureA verb tense or other formation referring to events or states that have not yet happened / happened
gerundialrelating to or like a gerund
grammatical category, syntactic category(grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
head, head word(grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays the same grammatical role as the whole constituent
illativeExpressing or preceding an inference
imperativerelating to verbs in the imperative mood
independent, main(of a clause) capable of standing syntactically alone as a complete sentence
indicative, declarativerelating to the mood of verbs that is used simple in declarative statements
infinite, non-finite, nonfiniteOf verbs
interrogativerelating to verbs in the so-called interrogative mood
intransitiveDesignating a verb that does not require or cannot take a direct object
limitingstrictly limiting the reference of a modified word or phrase
modify, qualifyadd a modifier to a constituent
nominalpertaining to a noun or to a word group that functions as a noun
nominativeServing as or indicating the subject of a verb and words identified with the subject of a copular verb
nonrestrictivenot limiting the reference of a modified word or phrase
object(grammar) a constituent that is acted upon
objective, accusativeServing as or indicating the object of a verb or of certain prepositions and used for certain other purposes
optativerelating to a mood of verbs in some languages
parseanalyze syntactically by assigning a constituent structure to (a sentence)
participialOf or relating to or consisting of participles
passiveExpressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb
possessive, genitiveServing to express or indicate possession
predicativeOf adjectives
prescriptive, normativepertaining to giving directives or rules
quantifier(grammar) a word that expresses a quantity (as 'fifteen' or 'many')
reflexive, self-referentreferring back to itself
restricted, qualifiedrestricted in meaning / meaning
scopalOf or relating to scope
stative(used of verbs (e.g. 'be' or 'own') and most participial adjectives) expressing existence or a state rather than an action
strongOf verbs not having standard (or regular) inflection
subject(grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence
subjunctiverelating to a mood of verbs
subordinating, subordinativeServing to connect a subordinate clause to a main clause
substantivalOf or relating to or having the nature or function of a substantive (i.e. a noun or noun equivalent)
syndeticConnected by a conjunction
transitiveDesignating a verb that requires a direct object to complete the meaning / meaning
unrestrictednot restricted or modified in meaning / meaning
weak(used of verbs) having standard (or regular) inflection
CategorylinguisticsThe scientific study of language
Narrowerdescriptive grammarA grammar that is produced by descriptive linguistics
morphologystudies of the rules for forming admissible words
prescriptive grammarA grammar that is produced by prescriptive linguistics
syntaxstudies of the rules for forming admissible sentences
Broaderdescriptive linguisticsA description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology / morphology and syntax / syntax and semantics without value judgments
Adjectivesgrammaticalconforming to the rules of grammar or usage accepted by native speakers
grammatical, grammaticof or pertaining to grammar

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