HyperDic: pontífex

Català > 2 sentits de la paraula pontífex / Pontífex:
NOMperson pontífex / Pontífex, Papa, papathe head of the Roman Catholic Church
person pontífexa member of the highest council of priests in ancient Rome
Català > pontífex / Pontífex: 2 sentits > nom 1, person
SentitThe head of the Roman Catholic Church.
SinònimsPapa, papa
EspècimensAlessandro Farnese, Alexandre FarneseItalian pope from 1534 to 1549 who excommunicated Henry VIII of England in 1538 and initiated the Council of Trent in 1545
Benedict XIVpope who was a patron of the arts and who denounced the cruelty to the indigenous peoples of South America (1675-1758)
Benedict XVpope who founded the Vatican service for prisoners of war during World War I (1854-1922)
BorgiaPope and father of Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia (1431-1503)
Clement VIIItalian pope from 1523 to 1534 who broke with Henry VIII of England after Henry VIII divorced Catherine of Aragon and married Anne Boleyn (1478-1534)
Clement XIItalian pope from 1700 to 1721 who condemned Jansenist ideas on papal infallibility
Clement XIVItalian pope from 1769 to 1774 who lost whatever support remained of Catholic Europe, causing the church to fall into the hands of secular princes (1705-1774)
Enea Silvio Piccolomini, Enees Silvi, Pius IIItalian pope from 1458 to 1464 who is remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusade against the Turks (1405-1464)
Eugenio Pacelli, Pius XIIpope who maintained neutrality during World War II and was later criticized for not aiding the Jews who were persecuted by Hitler (1876-1958)
Gregori I, Gregory(Roman Catholic Church) an Italian pope distinguished for his spiritual and temporal leadership
Gregori XIIIThe pope who sponsored the introduction of the modern calendar (1572-1585)
HildebrandThe Italian pope who fought to establish the supremacy of the pope over the Roman Catholic Church and the supremacy of the church over the state (1020-1085)
John Paul IThe first Pope to assume a double name
John Paul IIThe first Pope born in Poland
John XXIIIItalian pope from 1958 to 1963 who convoked the Second Vatican Council (1881-1963)
Leo I, Lleó IItalian pope from 440 to 461 who extended the authority of the papacy to the west and persuaded Attila not to attack Rome (440-461)
Leo III, Lleó IIIItalian pope from 795 to 816 who in 800 crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans (750-816)
Leo IXGerman pope from 1049 to 1054 whose papacy was the beginning of papal reforms in the 11th century (1002-1054)
Leo X, Lleó Xson of Lorenzo de'Medici and pope from 1513 to 1521 who excommunicated Martin Luther and who in 1521 bestowed on Henry VIII the title of Defender of the Faith (1475-1521)
Leo XIII, Lleó XIIIItalian pope from 1878 to 1903 who was interested in the advancement of learning and who opened the Vatican secret archives to all scholars
Maffeo BarberiniItalian pope from 1623 to 1644 who sanctioned the condemnation of Galileo but later freed him (1568-1644)
Marc Salvi Otó, OdoFrench pope from 1088 to 1099 whose sermons called for the First Crusade (1042-1099)
Oddone ColonnaItalian pope from 1417 to 1431 whose election as pope ended the Great Schism (1368-1431)
Pius IXItalian pope from 1846 to 1878 who in 1854 declared the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary
Pius VItalian pope from 1566 to 1572 who led the reformation / reformation of the Roman Catholic Church
Pius VIItalian pope from 1775 to 1799 who served during the French Revolution
Pius VIIItalian pope from 1800 to 1823 who was humiliated by Napoleon and taken prisoner in 1809
Pius Xpope who condemned religious modernism
Pius XIpope who signed a treaty with Mussolini recognizing the Vatican City as an independent state (1857-1939)
Sixt IVItalian pope from 1471 to 1484 who consented to the establishment of the Spanish Inquisition and built the Sistine Chapel (1414-1484)
Urbà VFrench pope from 1362 to 1370 who tried to reestablish the papacy in Rome but in 1367 returned to Avignon hoping to end the war between France and England
Membre depapat, pontificatThe government of the Roman Catholic Church
Específicantipapasomeone who is elected pope in opposition to another person who is held to be canonically elected
GeneralcatòlicA member of a Catholic church
líder espiritualA leader in religious or sacred affairs
Anglèspope, Catholic Pope, Roman Catholic Pope, pontiff, Holy Father, Vicar of Christ, Bishop of Rome
EspanyolPapa, papa, pontífice, Sumo pontífice
Adjectiuspapalproceeding from or ordered by or subject to a pope or the papacy regarded as the successor of the Apostles
Català > pontífex: 2 sentits > nom 2, person
SentitA member of the highest council of priests in ancient Rome.
CategoriaantiguitatThe historic period preceding the Middle Ages in Europe
Regió decapital d'Itàlia, capital italiana, Roma, RomeCapital and largest city of Italy
Generalcapellà, mossèn, prevere, sacerdotA clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites

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