HyperDic: geology

English > 1 sense of the word geology:
NOUNcognitiongeologya science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks / rocks
geology > pronunciation
RhymesAgee ... zoology: 128 rhymes with jhiy...
English > geology: 1 sense > noun 1, cognition
MeaningA science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks / rocks.
Category ofGreat Rift Valley(geology) a depression in southwestern Asia and eastern Africa
Mercalli scaleA scale formerly used to describe the magnitude of an earthquake
Mohorovicic discontinuity, MohoThe boundary between the Earth's crust and the underlying mantle
Richter scaleA logarithmic scale of 1 to 10 formerly used to express the magnitude of an earthquake on the basis of the size of seismograph oscillations
accretion(geology) an increase / increase / increase in land resulting from alluvial deposits or waterborne sediment
anaclinalOf valleys and rivers
anticlinalsloping downward away from a common crest
aqueous, sedimentaryProduced by the action of water
archean, archaeanOf or relating to the earliest known rocks formed during the Precambrian Eon
archeozoic, archaeozoicOf or belonging to earlier of two divisions of the Precambrian era
azoicBefore the appearance of life
batholithic, batholiticOf or relating to a batholith
bed(geology) a stratum of rock (especially sedimentary rock)
cataclinalOf valleys and rivers
changedchanged in constitution or structure or composition by metamorphism
clast(geology) a constituent fragment of a clastic rock
clasticOf or belonging to or being a rock composed of fragments of older rocks (e.g., conglomerates or sandstone)
clastic rock(geology) a rock composed of broken pieces of older rocks
crustal movement, tectonic movementmovement resulting from or causing deformation of the earth's crust
deflation(geology) the erosion of soil as a consequence of sand and dust and loose rocks / rocks being removed by the wind
diapirA domed rock formation where a core of rock / rock has moved upward and pierced through the more brittle overlying strata
endogenic, endogeneticOf rocks formed or occurring beneath the surface of the earth
erosion, eroding, eating away, wearing, wearing away(geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it)
esker(geology) a long winding ridge of post glacial gravel and other sediment
exceedance(geology) the probability that an earthquake will generate a level of ground motion that exceeds a specified reference level during a given exposure time
extrusiveOf rock material
fault, faulting, geological fault, shift, fracture, break(geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other
fault line(geology) line determined by the intersection of a geological fault and the earth's surface
foliation(geology) the arrangement of leaflike layers in a rock / rock
geological formation, formation(geology) the geological features of the earth
geological phenomenonA natural phenomenon involving the structure or composition of the earth
geological process, geologic process(geology) a natural process whereby geological features are modified
geomorphologic, geomorphological, morphologic, morphological, structuralpertaining to geological structure
groundmass(geology) the matrix of fine-grained crystalline material in which larger / larger crystals are embedded
heave(geology) a horizontal dislocation
hoodoo(geology) a column of weathered and unusually shaped rock
igneous, eruptiveProduced by the action of fire or intense heat
incumbentlying or leaning on something else
interstratifyArrange rocks in alternating strata
intrusiveOf rock material
isostasy(geology) a general equilibrium of the forces tending to elevate or depress the earth's crust
kettle hole, kettle(geology) a hollow (typically filled by a lake) that results from the melting of a mass of ice trapped in glacial deposits
matrix(geology) amass of fine-grained rock in which fossils, crystals, or gems are embedded
moment magnitude scaleA logarithmic scale of 1 to 10 (a successor to the Richter scale) that enables seismologists to compare the energy released by different earthquakes on the basis of the area of the geological fault that ruptured in the quake
monoclinalOf a geological structure in which all strata are inclined in the same direction
peneplain, peneplaneA more or less level land surface representing an advanced stage / stage of erosion undisturbed by crustal movements
principle of superposition, superposition principle, superposition(geology) the principle that in a series of stratified sedimentary rocks the lowest stratum is the oldest
proterozoicformed in the later of two divisions of the Precambrian era
saltation(geology) the leaping movement of sand or soil particles as they are transported in a fluid medium over an uneven surface
scablands(geology) flat elevated land with poor soil and little vegetation that is scarred by dry channels of glacial origin (especially in eastern Washington)
shingling(geology) sediment in which flat pebbles are uniformly tilted in the same direction
sill(geology) a flat (usually horizontal) mass of igneous rock between two layers of older sedimentary rock
slide(geology) the descent of a large mass of earth or rocks or snow etc.
stratified, beddedDeposited or arranged in horizontal layers
stratifyform layers or strata
superposition(geology) the deposition of one geological stratum on another
synclinalsloping downward toward each other to create a trough
tectonicpertaining to the structure or movement of the earth's crust
thrustForce (molten rock) into pre-existing rock
unstratifiednot deposited in layers
upheaval, uplift, upthrow, upthrust(geology) a rise of land to a higher elevation (as in the process of mountain building)
xenolith(geology) a piece of rock of different origin from the igneous rock in which it is embedded
Narrowereconomic geologyThe branch of geology that deals with economically valuable geological materials
geophysics, geophysical sciencegeology that uses physical principles to study properties of the earth
hypsographyThe scientific study of the earth's configuration above sea level (emphasizing the measurement of land altitudes relative to sea level)
mineralogyThe branch of geology that studies minerals
orology, orographyThe science of mountains
paleogeology, palaeogeologyThe study of geologic features once at the surface of the earth but now buried beneath rocks / rocks
speleology, spelaeologyThe scientific study of caves
stratigraphyThe branch of geology that studies the arrangement and succession of strata
Broaderearth scienceAny of the sciences that deal with the earth or its parts
Adjectivesgeological, geologicof or relating to or based on geology
Nounsgeologista specialist in geology

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