HyperDic: extinction

English > 6 senses of the word extinction:
NOUNstateextinctionno longer active
stateextinction, defunctnessno longer in existence
processextinctionthe reduction of the intensity of radiation as a consequence of absorption and radiation
eventextinction, exterminationcomplete annihilation
cognitionextinction, experimental extinctiona conditioning process in which the reinforcer is removed and a conditioned response becomes independent of the conditioned stimulus
actextinction, extinguishing, quenchingthe act of extinguishing
extinction > pronunciation
Soundsihkstih'ngkshahn; ihkstih'ngshahn
RhymesAachen ... Zukerman: 2572 rhymes with ahn...
English > extinction: 6 senses > noun 1, state
Meaningno longer active; extinguished.
Example"the extinction of the volcano"
Attributesextinct(of e.g. volcanos) permanently inactive
Broaderinaction, inactivity, inactivenessThe state of being inactive
Spanishextinción
Catalanextinció
English > extinction: 6 senses > noun 2, state
Meaningno longer in existence.
Example"the extinction of a species"
Synonymdefunctness
BroaderdeathThe absence of life or state of being dead
Spanishdefunción, extinción
Catalanextinció
English > extinction: 6 senses > noun 3, process
MeaningThe reduction of the intensity of radiation as a consequence of absorption and radiation.
Partsabsorption(physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium
scatteringThe physical process in which particles are deflected haphazardly as a result of collisions
Broadernatural process, natural action, action, activityA process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings)
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English > extinction: 6 senses > noun 4, event
Meaningcomplete annihilation.
Example"they think a meteor cause the extinction of the dinosaurs"
Synonymextermination
Broaderannihilation, disintegrationTotal destruction
Spanishdesaparición, erradicación, exterminación, exterminio, extinción
Catalanexterminació, extermini, extinció
Verbsextinguishkill / kill / kill in large numbers
English > extinction: 6 senses > noun 5, cognition
MeaningA conditioning process in which the reinforcer is removed and a conditioned response becomes independent of the conditioned stimulus.
Synonymexperimental extinction
BroaderconditioningA learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
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English > extinction: 6 senses > noun 6, act
MeaningThe act of extinguishing; causing to stop burning.
Example"the extinction of the lights"
Synonymsextinguishing, quenching
Broadertermination, ending, conclusionThe act of ending something
Spanishextinción
Catalanextinció
Verbsextinguishput an end to
extinguishput out, as of fires, flames, or lights

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