HyperDic: genética

Español > 1 sentido de la palabra genética:
NOMBREcognitiongenéticathe branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
Español > genética: 1 sentido > nombre 1, cognition
SentidoThe branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms.
Categoría dealelomorfo, alelo, allelomorph(genetics) either of a pair (or series) of alternative forms of a gene that can occupy the same locus on a particular chromosome and that control the same character
bivalenteUsed of homologous chromosomes associated in pairs in synapsis
cigoto, zigoto(genetics) the diploid cell resulting from the union of a haploid spermatozoon and ovum (including the organism that develops from that cell)
cistrón, gene, genes, gen(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain
cosmido, cósmido(genetics) a large vector that is made from a bacteriophage and used to clone genes or gene fragments
cruce, cruza, hibridación, mestizaje(genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids
cruce, híbrida, híbrido(genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar / dissimilar parents or stock
deleción(genetics) the loss or absence of one or more nucleotides from a chromosome
diploideOf a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
diploide(genetics) an organism or cell having the normal amount of DNA per cell
dominanciaThe organic phenomenon in which one of a pair of alleles present in a genotype is expressed in the phenotype and the other allele of the pair is not
dominante(of genes) producing the same phenotype whether its allele is identical or dissimilar / dissimilar
expresión(genetics) the process of expressing a gene
filialDesignating the generation or the sequence of generations following the parental generation
haploide, monoploideOf a cell or organism having a single set of chromosomes
haploide(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
haplotipo(genetics) a combination of alleles (for different genes) that are located closely together on the same chromosome and that tend to be inherited together
herencia(genetics) attributes acquired via biological heredity from the parents
heterocigoto, heterozigoto(genetics) an organism having two different alleles of a particular gene and so giving rise to varying offspring
heterosis(genetics) the tendency of a crossbred organism to have qualities superior to those of either parent
heterozigotoHaving dissimilar / dissimilar alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
homocigoto, homozigoto(genetics) an organism having two identical alleles of a particular gene and so breeding true for the particular characteristic
homozigotoHaving identical alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
mapeo(genetics) the process of locating genes on a chromosome
meiosis(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms
monovalenteUsed of a chromosome that is not paired or united with its homologous chromosome during synapsis
multivalenteUsed of the association of three or more homologous chromosomes during the first division of meiosis
mutación(genetics) any event that changes genetic structure
parentalDesignating the generation of organisms from which hybrid offspring are produced
poliploideOf a cell or organism having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes
poliploide(genetics) an organism or cell having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes
recesivo(of genes) producing its characteristic phenotype only when its allele is identical
recombinación(genetics) a combining of genes or characters different from what they were in the parents
traducción(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
transcripción(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA
transformación(genetics) modification of a cell or bacterium by the uptake and incorporation of exogenous DNA
translocación(genetics) an exchange of chromosome parts
vector(genetics) a virus or other agent that is used to deliver DNA to a cell
xx(genetics) normal complement of sex chromosomes in a female
EspecíficocitogenéticaThe branch of biology that studies the cellular aspects of heredity (especially the chromosomes)
farmacogenéticaThe branch of genetics that studies the genetically determined variations in responses to drugs in humans or laboratory organisms
genética bioquímica, genética molecularThe branch of genetics concerned with the structure and activity of genetic material at the molecular level
genómicaThe branch of genetics that studies organisms in terms of their genomes (their full DNA sequences)
proteómicaThe branch of genetics that studies the full set of proteins encoded by a genome
GeneralbiologíaThe science that studies living organisms
Inglésgenetics, genetic science
Catalángenètica
AdjetivogenéticoOf or relating to the science of genetics
Nombresgeneticista, genético, genetistaA biologist who specializes in genetics

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