HyperDic: birth_defect

English > 1 sense of the expression birth defect:
NOUNstatebirth defect, congenital anomaly, congenital defect, congenital disorder, congenital abnormalitya defect that is present at birth / birth
English > birth defect: 1 sense > noun 1, state
MeaningA defect that is present at birth / birth.
Synonymscongenital anomaly, congenital defect, congenital disorder, congenital abnormality
NarrowerablephariaA congenital absence of eyelids (partial or complete)
albinismThe congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
ameliacongenital absence of an arm or leg
ametriacongenital absence of the uterus
anencephaly, anencephaliaA defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
cleft lip, harelip, cheiloschisisA congenital cleft in the middle of the upper lip
cleft palateA congenital fissure of the hard palate
clinocephaly, clinocephalismA congenital defect in which the top of the head is depressed (concave instead of convex)
clinodactylyA congenital defect in which one or more toes or fingers are abnormally positioned
color blindness, colour blindness, color vision deficiency, colour vision deficiencygenetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
congenital heart defectA birth defect involving the heart
encephaloceleprotrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
epispadiasA congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
hermaphroditism, hermaphrodismcongenital condition in which external genitalia and internal sex organs have both male and female characteristics / characteristics
macroglossiaA congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue
meningoceleA congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
meromeliacongenital absence of part of an arm or leg
mongolism, mongolianism, Down's syndrome, Down syndrome, trisomy 21A congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome
myelomeningoceleA congenital defect of the central nervous system in which a sac containing part of the spinal cord and its meninges protrude through a gap in the vertebral column
oxycephaly, acrocephalyA congenital abnormality of the skull
plagiocephalycongenital malformation of the skull in which the main axis of the skull is oblique
polydactyly, hyperdactylybirth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
polysomycongenital defect of having one or more extra chromosomes in somatic cells
pseudohermaphroditismcongenital condition in which a person has external genitalia of one sex and internal sex organs of the other sex
scaphocephalycongenital malformation of the skull which is long and narrow
spina bifida, rachischisis, schistorrhachisA not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed
spinocerebellar disorderAny of several congenital disorders marked by degeneration of the cerebellum and spinal cord resulting in spasticity and ataxia
syndactyly, syndactylismbirth defect in which there is partial or total webbing connecting two or more fingers or toes
tongue tie, ankyloglossiaA congenital anomaly in which the mucous membrane under the tongue is too short limiting the mobility of the tongue
Broaderanomaly, anomalousnessdeviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
defectAn imperfection in a bodily system
Catalanmalaltia congènita, malformació congènita

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