HyperDic: philosophy

English > 3 senses of the word philosophy:
NOUNcognitionphilosophy, doctrine, philosophical system, school of thought, isma belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
cognitionphilosophythe rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
cognitionphilosophyany personal belief about how to live or how to deal with a situation
philosophy > pronunciation
Soundsfahlaa'sahfiy
Rhymesapostrophe ... typography: 53 rhymes with fiy...
English > philosophy: 3 senses > noun 1, cognition
MeaningA belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school.
Synonymsdoctrine, philosophical system, school of thought, ism
NarrowerGirondismThe doctrine of the Girondists
Kabbalism, CabalismThe doctrines of the Kabbalah
abolitionismThe doctrine that calls for the abolition of slavery
absolutismThe doctrine of an absolute being
amoralismThe doctrine that moral distinctions are invalid
animalismThe doctrine that human beings are purely animal in nature and lacking a spiritual nature
animismThe doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
antiestablishmentarianism, antiestablishmentismThe doctrine of opposition to the social and political establishment
asceticismThe doctrine that through renunciation of worldly pleasures it is possible to achieve a high spiritual or intellectual state
contextualismAny doctrine emphasizing the importance of the context in solving problems or establishing the meaning of terms
creationismThe literal belief in the account of Creation given in the Book of Genesis
creed, credoAny system of principles / principles or beliefs
descriptivism(linguistics) a doctrine supporting or promoting descriptive linguistics
descriptivism(ethics) a doctrine holding that moral statements have a truth value
divine right, divine right of kingsThe doctrine that kings derive their right to rule directly from God and are not accountable to their subjects
dogmaA doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative
dualismThe doctrine that reality consists of two basic opposing elements, often taken to be mind and matter (or mind and body), or good and evil
dynamismAny of the various theories or doctrines or philosophical systems that attempt to explain the phenomena of the universe in terms of some immanent force or energy
egalitarianism, equalitarianismThe doctrine of the equality of mankind and the desirability of political and economic and social equality
epicureanismA doctrine of hedonism that was defended by several ancient Greek philosophers
establishmentarianism, establishmentismThe doctrine of supporting the social or political establishment
ethicismA doctrine that ethics and ethical ideas are valid and important
expansionismThe doctrine of expanding the territory or the economic influence of a country
feminismA doctrine that advocates equal rights for women
formalismThe doctrine that formal structure rather than content is what should be represented
functionalismAny doctrine that stresses utility or purpose
gospelA doctrine that is believed to be of great importance
gymnosophyThe doctrine of a sect of Hindu philosophers who practiced nudity and asceticism and meditation / meditation
humanism, secular humanismThe doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason
humanitarianism, humanismThe doctrine that people's duty is to promote human welfare
imitationThe doctrine that representations of nature or human behavior should be accurate imitations
individualism, laissez faireThe doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs
internationalismThe doctrine that nations should cooperate because their common interests are more important than their differences
irredentism, irridentismThe doctrine that irredenta should be controlled by the country to which they are ethnically or historically related
literalismThe doctrine of realistic (literal) portrayal in art or literature
majority rule, democracyThe doctrine that the numerical majority of an organized group can make decisions binding on the whole group
millennium(New Testament) in Revelations it is foretold that those faithful to Jesus will reign with Jesus over the earth for a thousand years
monismThe doctrine that reality consists of a single basic substance or element
multiculturalismThe doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country
nationalismThe doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
nationalismThe doctrine that nations should act independently (rather than collectively) to attain their goals
nihilismA revolutionary doctrine that advocates destruction of the social system for its own sake
nuclear deterrenceThe military doctrine that an enemy / enemy will be deterred from using nuclear weapons as long as he can be destroyed as a consequence
pacifism, pacificism, passivismThe doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable
phenomenologyA philosophical doctrine proposed by Edmund Husserl based on the study of human experience in which considerations of objective reality are not taken into account
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theoryA doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
pluralismThe doctrine that reality consists of several basic substances or elements
populismThe political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite
prescriptivism(linguistics) a doctrine supporting or promoting prescriptive linguistics
prescriptivism(ethics) a doctrine holding that moral statements prescribe appropriate attitudes and behavior
presentismThe doctrine that the Scripture prophecies of the Apocalypse (as in the Book of Revelations) are presently in the course of being fulfilled
rationalism, freethinkingThe doctrine that reason is the right basis for regulating conduct
reformismA doctrine of reform
reincarnationismA doctrine that on the death of the body the soul migrates to or is born again in another body
religious doctrine, church doctrine, gospel, creedThe written body of teachings of a religious group that are generally accepted by that group
secessionismA doctrine that maintains the right of secession
secularismA doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations
states' rightsA doctrine that federal powers should be curtailed and returned to the individual states
teaching, precept, commandmentA doctrine that is taught
theological doctrineThe doctrine of a religious group
unilateralismThe doctrine that nations should conduct their foreign / foreign affairs individualistically without the advice or involvement of other nations
utilitarianismdoctrine that the useful is the good
BroaderbeliefAny cognitive content held as true
Spanishdoctrina, escuela de pensamiento, filosofía, ismo
Catalandoctrina, escola de pensament, filosofia
Adjectivesphilosophicalof or relating to philosophy or philosophers
Nounsphilosophera wise / wise person who is calm and rational
English > philosophy: 3 senses > noun 2, cognition
MeaningThe rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics.
Category ofAristotelianism, peripateticism(philosophy) the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science
Platonism, realism(philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names
Stoicism(philosophy) the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno
aesthetic, esthetic(philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful
deconstruction, deconstructionismA philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning / meaning
determinism(philosophy) a philosophical theory holding that all events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes
dianoetic, discursiveproceeding to a conclusion by reason or argument rather than intuition
empiricism, empiricist philosophy, sensationalism(philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
existentialism, existential philosophy, existentialist philosophy(philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe
final cause(philosophy) the end or purpose of a thing or process
formalism(philosophy) the philosophical theory that formal (logical or mathematical) statements have no meaning / meaning but that its symbols (regarded as physical entities) exhibit a form that has useful applications
idealism(philosophy) the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality
immanent, subjectiveOf a mental act performed entirely / entirely within the mind
intuitionism(philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired primarily by intuition
logicism(philosophy) the philosophical theory that all of mathematics can be derived from formal logic
materialism, physicalism(philosophy) the philosophical theory that matter is the only reality
mechanism(philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes
mentalism(philosophy) a doctrine that mind is the true reality and that objects exist only as aspects of the mind's awareness
nativism(philosophy) the philosophical theory that some ideas are innate
naturalism(philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations
nominalism(philosophy) the doctrine that the various objects labeled by the same term have nothing in common but their name
operationalism(philosophy) the doctrine that the meaning / meaning of a proposition consists of the operations involved in proving or applying it
philosopherA specialist in philosophy
pragmatism(philosophy) the doctrine that practical consequences are the criteria of knowledge and meaning and value
presentationalOf or relating to a presentation (especially in psychology or philosophy)
probabilism(philosophy) the doctrine that (since certainty is unattainable) probability is a sufficient basis for belief and action
rationalism(philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort / resort to experience
realism, naive realism(philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that physical objects continue to exist when not perceived
relativism(philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that all criteria of judgment are relative to the individuals and situations involved
semiotics, semiology(philosophy) a philosophical theory of the functions of signs and symbols
sensualism, sensationalism(philosophy) the ethical doctrine that feeling is the only criterion for what is good
solipsism(philosophy) the philosophical theory that the self is all that you know to exist
subjectivism(philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge and value are dependent on and limited by your subjective experience
teleology(philosophy) a doctrine explaining phenomena by their ends or purposes
transeunt, transientOf a mental act
vitalism(philosophy) a doctrine that life is a vital principle distinct / distinct from physics and chemistry
Narroweraesthetics, esthetics(art) the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste (emphasizing the evaluative criteria that are applied to art)
axiologyThe study of values and value judgments
dialecticAny formal system of reasoning that arrives at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
epistemologyThe philosophical theory of knowledge
ethics, moral philosophyThe philosophical study of moral values and rules
etiology, aetiologyThe philosophical study of causation
jurisprudence, law, legal philosophyThe branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do
logicThe branch of philosophy that analyzes inference
metaphysicsThe philosophical study of being and knowing
transcendentalism, transcendental philosophyAny system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material
Broaderhumanistic discipline, humanities, liberal arts, artsstudies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills)
Spanishfilosofía
Catalanfilosofía, filosofia
Adjectivesphilosophic, philosophicalof or relating to philosophy or philosophers
philosophicalcharacterized by the attitude of a philosopher
Nounsphilosophera specialist in philosophy
philosophera wise / wise person who is calm and rational
Verbsphilosophize, philosophisereason philosophically
English > philosophy: 3 senses > noun 3, cognition
MeaningAny personal belief about how to live or how to deal with a situation.
Examples
  • "self-indulgence was his only philosophy"
  • "my father's philosophy of child-rearing was to let mother do it"
BroaderbeliefAny cognitive content held as true
Spanishfilosofía
Catalanfilosofia
Adjectivesphilosophicalof or relating to philosophy or philosophers
Nounsphilosophera wise / wise person who is calm and rational

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