HyperDic: reason

English > 9 senses of the word reason:
NOUNmotivereason, grounda rational motive for a belief or action
communicationreasonan explanation of the cause of some phenomenon
cognitionreason, understanding, intellectthe capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination
statereason, rationality, reasonablenessthe state of having good sense and sound judgment
communicationreason, cause, groundsa justification for something existing or happening
cognitionreasona fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion
VERBcognitionreason, reason out, concludedecide by reasoning
communicationreason, arguepresent reasons and arguments
cognitionreasonthink logically
reason > pronunciation
Soundsriy'zahn
RhymesAachen ... Zukerman: 2572 rhymes with ahn...
English > reason: 9 senses > noun 1, motive
MeaningA rational motive for a belief or action.
Example"the reason that war was declared"
Synonymground
Narroweroccasionreason
score, accountgrounds
why, whereforeThe cause or intention underlying an action or situation, especially in the phrase 'the whys and wherefores'
Broaderrational motiveA motive that can be defended by reasoning or logical argument
Spanishcausa, razón
Catalanraó
Verbsreasondecide by reasoning
English > reason: 9 senses > noun 2, communication
MeaningAn explanation of the cause of some phenomenon.
Example"the reason a steady state was never reached was that the back pressure built up too slowly"
Broaderexplanation, accountA statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.
Spanishporqué, razón
Catalanperquè, raó
English > reason: 9 senses > noun 3, cognition
MeaningThe capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination.
Example"we are told that man is endowed with reason and capable of distinguishing good from evil"
Synonymsunderstanding, intellect
Broaderfaculty, mental faculty, moduleOne of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind
Spanishentendimiento, intelecto, inteligencia, razón
Catalanenteniment, intel·lecte, intel·ligència, raó
Verbsreasonthink logically
reasondecide by reasoning
reasonpresent reasons and arguments
English > reason: 9 senses > noun 4, state
MeaningThe state of having good sense and sound judgment.
Example "he had to rely less on reason than on rousing their emotions"
Synonymsrationality, reasonableness
Broadersanity, sanenessnormal or sound powers of mind
Spanishracionalidad, sensatez
Catalanracionalitat, sensatesa
Verbsreasondecide by reasoning
reasonpresent reasons and arguments
English > reason: 9 senses > noun 5, communication
MeaningA justification for something existing or happening.
Example "they had good reason to rejoice"
Synonymscause, grounds
BroaderjustificationA statement in explanation of some action or belief
Spanishcausa, fundamento, motivo, razón
Catalancausa, motiu, raó
English > reason: 9 senses > noun 6, cognition
MeaningA fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion.
Example"there is reason to believe he is lying"
Narrowercontraindication(medicine) a reason that makes it inadvisable to prescribe a particular drug or employ a particular procedure or treatment
indication(medicine) a reason to prescribe a drug or perform a procedure
BroaderfactA piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred
Spanishrazón
Catalanraó
English > reason: 9 senses > verb 1, cognition
Meaningdecide by reasoning; draw or come to a conclusion.
PatternSomebody ----s that CLAUSE
ModelThey reason that there was a traffic accident
Example"We reasoned that it was cheaper to rent than to buy a house"
Synonymsreason out, conclude
Narrowerdeduce, infer, deduct, derivereason by deduction
deduce, inferconclude by reasoning
find, feelCome to believe on the basis of emotion, intuitions, or indefinite grounds
gatherconclude from evidence
generalize, generalise, extrapolate, inferDraw from specific cases for more general cases
inducereason or establish by induction
syllogize, syllogisereason by syllogisms
Broaderthink, cogitate, cerebrateUse or exercise the mind or one's power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions, or arrive at a solution or judgments
Spanishconcluir, inferir, razonar
Catalanconcloure, decidir, raonar
Nounsreasonthe capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination
reasona rational motive for a belief or action
reasonthe state of having good sense and sound judgment
reasonersomeone who reasons logically
English > reason: 9 senses > verb 2, communication
MeaningPresent reasons and arguments.
PatternSomebody ----s that CLAUSE
ModelSam wants to reason with Sue; Sam and Sue reason
Synonymargue
Narrowerdefend, support, fend forargue or speak in defense / defense of
expostulatereason with (somebody) for the purpose of dissuasion
re-argueargue again
Broaderpresent, represent, lay outbring forward and present to the mind
Spanishargüir, argumentar, razonar
Catalanargüir, argumentar
Nounsreasonthe capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination
reasonthe state of having good sense and sound judgment
reasonersomeone who reasons logically
English > reason: 9 senses > verb 3, cognition
MeaningThink logically.
PatternSomebody ----s; Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
Example"The children must learn to reason"
Entailed bysolve, work out, figure out, puzzle out, lick, workFind the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning / meaning of
Narrowercalculate, cipher, cypher, compute, work out, reckon, figuremake a mathematical calculation or computation
categorize, categoriseplace into or assign to a category / category
ratiocinatereason methodologically and logically
rationalize away, rationalise awaySubstitute a natural for a supernatural explanation of
speculatetalk over conjecturally, or review in an idle or casual way and with an element of doubt or without sufficient reason to reach a conclusion
theorizeform or construct theories
theorizeConstruct a theory about
Broaderthink, cogitate, cerebrateUse or exercise the mind or one's power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions, or arrive at a solution or judgments
Spanishrazonar
Catalanraonar
Nounsreasonthe capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination
reasonersomeone who reasons logically
reasoningthinking that is coherent and logical

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