HyperDic: surgery

English > 4 senses of the word surgery:
NOUNcognitionsurgerythe branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures
artifactsurgerya room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted
artifactsurgery, operating room, OR, operating theater, operating theatrea room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations
actsurgery, operation, surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical processa medical procedure involving an incision with instruments
surgery > pronunciation
Soundsser'jheriy
Rhymesaccessory ... worry: 201 rhymes with eriy...
English > surgery: 4 senses > noun 1, cognition
MeaningThe branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures.
Example"he is professor of surgery at the Harvard Medical School"
Category ofamastiaabsence of the mammary glands (either through surgery or developmental defect)
centesis(surgery) the act of puncturing a body cavity or organ with a hollow needle in order to draw out fluid
decerebrateRemove the cerebrum from (a human body)
draintube inserted into a body cavity (as during surgery) to remove unwanted material
enucleateRemove (a tumor or eye) from an enveloping sac or cover
exenterateRemove the contents of (an organ)
extirpatesurgically remove (an organ)
graft, transplant(surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient
landmarkAn anatomical structure used as a point of origin in locating other anatomical structures (as in surgery) or as point from which measurements can be taken
ligateBind with a bandage or ligature
ligation(surgery) tying a duct or blood vessel with a ligature (as to prevent bleeding during surgery)
maxillofacialOf or relating to the upper jaw and face (particularly with reference to specialized surgery of the maxilla)
operation, surgery, surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical processA medical procedure involving an incision with instruments
phlebothrombosis, venous thrombosisthrombosis of a vein without prior inflammation of the vein
stomaA mouth or mouthlike opening (especially one created by surgery on the surface of the body to create an opening to an internal organ)
Broadermedical scienceThe science of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention and treatment of disease
Spanishcirugía
Catalancirurgia
Adjectivessurgicalrelating to or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery especially as opposed to medicine
surgicalof or relating to or involving or used in surgery
English > surgery: 4 senses > noun 2, artifact
MeaningA room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted.
Example"he read the warning in the doctor's surgery"
RegionUnited Kingdom, UK, U.K., Britain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Great BritainA monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles
BroaderroomAn area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling
English > surgery: 4 senses > noun 3, artifact
MeaningA room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations.
Synonymsoperating room, OR, operating theater, operating theatre
Broaderhospital roomA room in a hospital / hospital for the care of patients
Spanishquirófano, sala de operaciones
Catalanquiròfan, sala d'operacions
English > surgery: 4 senses > noun 4, act
MeaningA medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body.
Example "he died while undergoing surgery"
Synonymsoperation, surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical process
Category ofablateRemove an organ or bodily structure
decorticateRemove the cortex / cortex of (an organ)
freezeAnesthetize by cold
hypophysectomize, hypophysectomiseRemove the pituitary glands
suctionEmpty or clean (a body cavity) by the force of suction
trepancut a hole with a trepan, as in surgery
CategorysurgeryThe branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures
Partshemostasis, haemostasis, hemostasia, haemostasiasurgical procedure of stopping the flow of blood (as with a hemostat)
incision, section, surgical incisionThe cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as part of an operation)
suturingSurgical joining of two surfaces
NarrowerShirodkar's operation, purse-string operationA surgical procedure in which a suture is used to close the cervix in a pregnant woman
ablation, extirpation, cutting out, excisionSurgical removal of a body part or tissue
amputationA surgical removal of all or part of a limb
angioplastyAn operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
arthroplastySurgical reconstruction or replacement / replacement of a malformed or degenerated joint
arthroscopyA minimally invasive operation to repair a damaged joint
brain surgeryAny surgical procedure involving the brain
castrationSurgical removal of the testes or ovaries (usually to inhibit hormone secretion in cases of breast cancer in women or prostate cancer in men)
catheterization, catheterisationThe operation of introducing a catheter into the body
cautery, cauterization, cauterisationThe act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing
chemosurgeryUse of chemical to destroy diseased or malignant tissue
craniotomyA surgical opening / opening through the skull
cryosurgeryThe use of extreme / extreme cold (usually liquid nitrogen) to destroy unwanted tissue (warts or cataracts or skin cancers)
curettage, curettementsurgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette
debridementSurgical removal of foreign / foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
decorticationremoval of the outer covering of an organ or part
dilation and curettage, dilatation and curettage, D and CA surgical procedure usually performed under local anesthesia in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrial lining of the uterus is scraped with a curet
electrosurgerysurgery performed with electrical devices (as in electrocautery)
enterostomy, enterotomysurgical operation that creates a permanent opening through the abdominal wall into the intestine
enucleationSurgical removal of something without cutting into it
eviscerationSurgical removal of an organ (or the contents of an organ) from a patient
exenterationSurgical removal of the organs within a body cavity (as those of the pelvis)
eye operation, eye surgeryAny surgical procedure involving the eyes
fenestrationsurgical procedure that creates a new fenestra to the cochlea in order to restore hearing lost because of osteosclerosis
gastrectomySurgical removal of all or part of the stomach
gastroenterostomySurgical creation of an opening between the stomach wall / wall and the small intestines
gastrostomySurgical creation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the stomach (as for gastrogavage)
heart surgeryAny surgical procedure involving the heart
hemorrhoidectomy, haemorrhoidectomysurgical procedure for tying hemorrhoids and excising them
hysterotomysurgical incision into the uterus (as in cesarean section)
implantationA surgical procedure that places something in the human body
intestinal bypasssurgical operation that shortens the small intestine
jejunostomySurgical creation of an opening between the jejunum and the anterior abdominal wall
major surgeryAny surgical procedure that involves anesthesia or respiratory assistance
microsurgerysurgery using operating microscopes and miniaturized precision instruments to perform intricate procedures on very small structures
minor surgeryAny surgical procedure that does not involve anesthesia or respiratory assistance
myotomysurgical incision or division of a muscle
myringectomySurgical removal of the eardrum
myringoplastySurgical repair of a perforated eardrum with a tissue graft
myringotomysurgical incision into the eardrum (to relieve pressure or release pus from the middle ear)
neurosurgeryAny surgery that involves the nervous system (brain or spinal cord or peripheral nerves)
orchiopexyoperation to bring an undescended testicle into the scrotum
osteotomySurgical sectioning of bone
ostomysurgical procedure that creates an artificial opening for the elimination of bodily wastes
palatopharyngoplasty, PPP, uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, UPPPSurgical resection of unnecessary palatal and oropharyngeal tissue to open the airway
phlebectomySurgical removal or all or part of a vein
photocoagulationsurgical procedure that uses an intense laser beam to destroy diseased retinal tissue or to make a scar that will hold the retina in cases of detached retina
plastic surgery, reconstructive surgery, anaplastysurgery concerned with therapeutic or cosmetic reformation of tissue
polypectomySurgical removal of a polyp
resectionSurgical removal of part of a structure or organ
rhinotomysurgical procedure in which an incision is made in the nose to drain accumulated pus
rhizotomysurgical procedure in which spinal nerve roots are cut
sex-change operation, transsexual surgerysurgical procedures and hormonal treatments designed to alter a person's sexual characteristics so that the resemble those of the opposite sex
sterilization, sterilisationThe act of making an organism barren or infertile (unable to reproduce)
strabotomyThe surgical operation of cutting a muscle or tendon of the eye in order to correct strabismus
taxisThe surgical procedure of manually restoring a displaced body part
tracheostomy, tracheotomyA surgical operation that creates an opening into the trachea with a tube inserted to provide a passage for air
transplant, transplantation, organ transplantAn operation moving an organ from one organism (the donor) to another (the recipient)
trephinationAn operation that removes a circular section of bone from the skull
tympanoplastySurgical correction or repair of defects or injuries in the eardrum or the bones of the middle ear
uranoplastySurgical correction of a defect of the palate
vasovasostomyA surgical procedure that attempts to restore the function of the vas deferens after a vasectomy
vivisectionThe act of operating on living animals (especially in scientific research)
wrong-site surgeryA surgical operation performed on the wrong part of the body
Broadermedical procedureA procedure employed by medical or dental practitioners
Spanishcirugía, intervención, operación, procedimiento quirúrgico
Catalancirurgia, intervenció, intervenció quirúrgica, operació, operació quirúrgica
Adjectivesnonsurgicalnot surgical
surgicalrelating to or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery especially as opposed to medicine
surgicalof or relating to or involving or used in surgery

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