HyperDic: gene

English > 1 sense of the word gene:
NOUNbodygene, cistron, factor(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain
gene > pronunciation
Soundsjhiy'n
RhymesAberdeen ... wolverine / Wolverine: 192 rhymes with iyn...
English > gene: 1 sense > noun 1, body
Meaning(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity.
Example"genes were formerly called factors"
Synonymscistron, factor
Categorygenetics, genetic scienceThe branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
molecular biologyThe branch of biology that studies the structure and activity of macromolecules essential to life (and especially with their genetic role)
Part ofchromosomeA threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix
NarrowerX-linked geneA gene located on an X chromosome
Y-linked gene, holandric geneA gene located on a Y chromosome
allele, allelomorph(genetics) either of a pair (or series) of alternative forms of a gene that can occupy the same locus on a particular chromosome and that control the same character
dominant genegene that produces the same phenotype in the organism whether or not its allele identical
genetic markerA specific gene that produces a recognizable trait and can be used in family or population studies / studies
homeotic geneOne the genes that are involved in embryologic development
lethal geneAny gene that has an effect that causes the death of the organism at any stage / stage of life
linkage group, linked genesAny pair of genes that tend to be transmitted together
modifier, modifier geneA gene that modifies the effect produced by another gene
mutant geneA gene that has changed so that the normal transmission and expression of a trait is affected
nonallelegenes that are not competitors at the same locus
oncogene, transforming geneA gene that disposes normal cells to change into cancerous tumor cells
operator geneA gene that activates the production of messenger RNA by adjacent structural genes
polygeneA gene that by itself has little effect on the phenotype but which can act together with others to produce observable variations
proto-oncogeneA normal gene that has the potential to become an oncogene
recessive genegene that produces its characteristic phenotype only when its allele is identical
regulatory gene, regulator geneA gene that produces a repressor substance that inhibits an operator gene
repressor genegene that prevents a nonallele from being transcribed
structural geneA gene that controls the production of a specific protein or peptide
suppressor, suppresser, suppressor gene, suppresser geneA gene that suppresses the phenotypic expression of another gene (especially of a mutant gene)
transgeneAn exogenous gene introduced into the genome of another organism
BroadersequenceSerial arrangement in which things follow in logical order or a recurrent pattern
Spanishcistrón, gene, genes, gen
Catalancistrón, gen
Adjectivesgenetic, geneticalof or relating to the science of genetics
genic, genetic, geneticalof or relating to or produced by or being a gene

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