HyperDic: deoxyribonucleic_acid

English > 1 sense of the expression deoxyribonucleic acid:
NOUNsubstancedeoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix
English > deoxyribonucleic acid: 1 sense > noun 1, substance
Meaning(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information.
Synonymsdesoxyribonucleic acid, DNA
CategorybiochemistryThe organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms
Partsbase pairOne of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands
gene, cistron, factor(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain
nucleic acid(biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells
Narrowercomplementary DNA, cDNAsingle-stranded DNA that is complementary to messenger RNA or DNA that has been synthesized from messenger RNA by reverse transcriptase
episomeDNA that is not incorporated into the genome but is replicated together with the genome (especially in bacterial cells)
exon, coding DNAsequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures
intron, noncoding DNAsequence of a eukaryotic gene's DNA that is not translated into a protein
junk DNAstretches of DNA that do not code for genes
operonA segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including structural genes and an operator gene and a regulatory gene
recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid, recombinant DNAgenetically engineered DNA made by recombining / recombining fragments of DNA from different organisms
sticky endAn end of DNA in which one strand of the double helix extends a few units beyond the other
transposon, jumping geneA segment of DNA that can become integrated at many different sites along a chromosome (especially a segment of bacterial DNA that can be translocated as a whole)
BroaderpolymerA naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
Substancesadenine, A(biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA
cytosine, CA base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine
guanine, GA purine base found in DNA and RNA
thymine, TA base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine
Spanishácido deoxirribonucleico, ácido desoxirribonucleico, ADN
Catalanàcid deoxiribonucleic, àcid desoxiribonucleic, ADN

©2001-21 · HyperDic hyper-dictionary · Contact

English | Spanish | Catalan
Privacy | Robots

Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict