HyperDic: filósofo

Español > 1 sentido de la palabra filósofo:
NOMBREperson filósofo, filósofaa specialist in philosophy
Español > filósofo: 1 sentido > nombre 1, person
SentidoA specialist in philosophy.
Sinónimofilósofa
CategoríafilosofíaThe rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
CasosAbelardo, Pierre Abelard, Pierre AbélardFrench philosopher and theologian
Albert Schweitzer, SchweitzerFrench philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary / missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
Alfred North Whitehead, WhiteheadEnglish philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (1861-1947)
AnaxagorasA presocratic Athenian philosopher who maintained that everything is composed of very small particles that were arranged by some eternal intelligence (500-428 BC)
AnaximandroA presocratic Greek philosopher and student of Thales who believed the universal substance to be infinity rather than something resembling ordinary objects (611-547 BC)
AnaxímenesA presocratic Greek philosopher and associate of Anaximander who believed that all things are made of air in different degrees of density / density (6th century BC)
Anicius Manlius Severinus BoethiusA Roman who was an early Christian philosopher and statesman who was executed for treason
Arendt, Hannah ArendtUnited States historian and political philosopher (born in Germany) (1906-1975)
AristótelesOne of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers
Arthur Schopenhauer, SchopenhauerGerman pessimist philosopher (1788-1860)
Auguste ComteFrench philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism
Avicena, AvicennaArabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher
Bacon, Francis Bacon, Sir Francis BaconEnglish statesman and philosopher
Baruch de Spinoza, SpinozaDutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
Bentham, Jeremy BenthamEnglish philosopher and jurist
Bergson, Henri BergsonFrench philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)
Berkeley, Bishop Berkeley, George BerkeleyIrish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
Bernard Arthur Owen WilliamsEnglish philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003)
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, Bertrand Russell, RussellEnglish philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)
Blaise Pascal, PascalFrench mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist
Cassirer, Ernst CassirerGerman philosopher concerned with concept formation in the human mind and with symbolic forms in human culture generally (1874-1945)
Charles Franklin Peirce, Charles Peirce, Charles Sanders Peirce, PeirceUnited States philosopher and logician
Charles Louis de SecondatFrench political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
Confucio, Confucius, K'ung Fu-TzuChinese philosopher whose ideas / ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
David HartleyEnglish philosopher who introduced the theory of the association / association of ideas (1705-1757)
David HumeScottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)
DemócritoGreek philosopher who developed an atomistic theory of matter (460-370 BC)
Denis Diderot, DiderotFrench philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France
Derrida, Jacques DerridaFrench philosopher and critic (born in Algeria)
Descartes, Rene DescartesFrench philosopher and mathematician
Dewey, John DeweyUnited States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)
Dugald Stewart, StewartScottish philosopher and follower of Thomas Reid (1753-1828)
Edmund Husserl, HusserlGerman philosopher who developed phenomenology (1859-1938)
EmpedoclesGreek philosopher who taught that all matter is composed of particles of fire and water and air and earth (fifth century BC)
EpicuroGreek philosopher who believed that the world is a random combination of atoms and that pleasure is the highest good (341-270 BC)
Ernst Heinrich Haeckel, HaeckelGerman biologist and philosopher
Ernst Mach, MachAustrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, Nietzscheinfluential German philosopher remembered for his concept of the superman and for his rejection of Christian values
G. E. Moore, George Edward Moore, MooreEnglish philosopher (1873-1958)
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, HegelGerman philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)
George Herbert Mead, MeadUnited States philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931)
Giordano BrunoItalian philosopher who used Copernican principles to develop a pantheistic monistic philosophy
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Leibnitz, LeibnizGerman philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)
Herbart, Johann Friedrich HerbartGerman philosopher (1776-1841)
Herbert Marcuse, MarcuseUnited States political philosopher (born in Germany) concerned about the dehumanizing effects of capitalism and modern technology (1898-1979)
Herbert SpencerEnglish philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies (1820-1903)
Herder, Johann Gottfried von HerderGerman philosopher who advocated intuition over reason (1744-1803)
HeráclitoA presocratic Greek philosopher who said that fire is the origin / origin of all things and that permanence is an illusion as all things are in perpetual flux (circa 500 BC)
Hobbes, Thomas HobbesEnglish materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
HypatiaGreek philosopher and astronomer
Immanuel Kant, Kantinfluential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804)
James, William JamesUnited States pragmatic philosopher and psychologist (1842-1910)
James Mill, MillScottish philosopher who expounded Bentham's utilitarianism
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, RousseauFrench philosopher and writer born in Switzerland
John Locke, LockeEnglish empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
John Stuart MillEnglish philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)
Jose Ortega y Gasset, Ortega y GassetSpanish philosopher who advocated leadership / leadership by an intellectual elite (1883-1955)
Karl Marx, Marxfounder of modern communism
Kierkegaard, Soren KierkegaardDanish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813-1855)
Lao-tse, LaoziChinese philosopher regarded as the founder of Taoism (6th century BC)
Lucio Anneo Séneca, Lucius Annaeus Seneca, SénecaRoman statesman and philosopher who was an advisor to Nero
Ludwig Wittgenstein, WittgensteinBritish philosopher born in Austria
Maimonides, Moses Maimonides, Moshé ben MaimónSpanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)
Malebranche, Nicolas de MalebrancheFrench philosopher (1638-1715)
Maquiavelo, Niccolo MachiavelliA statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)
Martin BuberIsraeli religious philosopher (born in Austria)
Oswald SpenglerGerman philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936)
ParménidesA presocratic Greek philosopher born in Italy
Perry, Ralph Barton PerryUnited States philosopher (1876-1957)
Pitagoras, PitágorasGreek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem
Platon, Platónancient Athenian philosopher
Quine, Willard Van Orman Quine, W. V. QuineUnited States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)
Rabindranath Tagore, TagoreIndian writer and philosopher whose poetry (based on traditional Hindu themes) pioneered the use of colloquial Bengali (1861-1941)
Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Sir Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanIndian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)
Rudolf SteinerAustrian philosopher who founded anthroposophy (1861-1925)
Simone WeilFrench philosopher (1909-1943)
Socrates, Sócratesancient Athenian philosopher
Tales, ThalesA presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science
Teilhard de ChardinFrench paleontologist and philosopher (1881-1955)
Thomas ReidScottish philosopher of common sense who opposed the ideas of David Hume (1710-1796)
Titus Lucretius CarusRoman philosopher and poet
XenófanesGreek philosopher (560-478 BC)
EspecíficoKarl PopperBritish philosopher (born in Austria) who argued that scientific theories can never be proved to be true, but are tested by attempts to falsify them (1902-1994)
eclécticosomeone who selects according to the eclectic method
empírico, empiristaA philosopher who subscribes to empiricism
epistemóloga, epistemólogoA specialist in epistemology
escolásticoA Scholastic philosopher or theologian
estetaA philosopher who specializes in the nature of beauty
estoicoA member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno
existencialistaA philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
libertariosomeone who believes the doctrine of free will
mecanistaA philosopher who subscribes to the doctrine of mechanism
moralistaA philosopher who specializes in morals and moral problems
nativismo, nativistaA philosopher who subscribes to nativism
realistaA philosopher who believes that universals are real and exist independently of anyone thinking of them
transcendentalistaadvocate of transcendentalism
yoghi, yoguiOne who practices yoga and has achieved a high level of spiritual insight
Generaldocto, erudito, especialista, estudiante, estudioso, sabioA learned person (especially in the humanities)
Inglésphilosopher
Catalánfilòsof
AdjetivofilosóficoOf or relating to philosophy or philosophers
NombresfilosofíaThe rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics

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