HyperDic: substance

English > 8 senses of the word substance:
NOUNTopssubstancethe real physical matter of which a person or thing consists
cognitionsubstance, kernel, core, center, centre, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, marrow, meat, nub, pith, sum, nitty-grittythe choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
cognitionsubstance, meaningthe idea that is intended
substancesubstancematerial of a particular kind or constitution
possessionsubstance, meansconsiderable capital (wealth / wealth or income)
communicationsubstance, message, content, subject matterwhat a communication that is about something is about
attributesubstance, consistency, consistence, bodythe property of holding together and retaining its shape
Topssubstancea particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties
substance > pronunciation
Soundssah'bstahns
Rhymesabeyance ... virulence: 273 rhymes with ahns...
English > substance: 8 senses > noun 1, Tops
MeaningThe real physical matter of which a person or thing consists.
Example"DNA is the substance of our genes"
Narroweractivator(biology) any agency bringing about activation
atom(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
body substanceThe substance of the body
chemical element, elementAny of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
chemistryThe chemical composition and properties of a substance or object
elementOne of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe
essenceAny substance possessing to a high degree the predominant properties of a plant or drug or other natural product from which it is extracted
fluidA substance that is fluid at room temperature and pressure
material, stuffThe tangible / tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object
medium(biology) a substance in which specimens are preserved or displayed
mediumAn intervening substance through which something is achieved
mixture(chemistry) a substance consisting of two or more substances mixed together (not in fixed proportions and not with chemical bonding)
phlogistonA hypothetical substance once believed to be present in all combustible materials and to be released during burning
protoplasm, living substanceThe substance of a living cell (including cytoplasm and nucleus)
substrateThe substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
volatileA volatile substance
BroadermatterThat which has mass and occupies space
part, portion, component part, component, constituentSomething determined in relation to something that includes it
Spanishsubstancia, sustancia
Catalansubstància
Adjectivessubstantialhaving substance or capable of being treated as fact
English > substance: 8 senses > noun 2, cognition
MeaningThe choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience.
Synonymskernel, core, center, centre, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, marrow, meat, nub, pith, sum, nitty-gritty
Narrowerbare bones(plural) the most basic facts or elements
hypostasis(metaphysics) essential nature or underlying reality
quiddity, haecceityThe essence that makes something the kind of thing it is and makes it different from any other
quintessenceThe purest and most concentrated essence of something
stuffA critically important or characteristic component
Broadercontent, cognitive content, mental objectThe sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
Spanishcentro, corazón, enjundia, esencia, médula, meollo, núcleo, quid, sustancia
Catalanbessó, centre, cor, essència, nucli, quid, substància
English > substance: 8 senses > noun 3, cognition
MeaningThe idea that is intended.
Synonymmeaning
NarrowerconnotationAn idea that is implied or suggested
reference, denotation, extensionThe most direct or specific meaning / meaning of a word or expression
referenceThe relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to
semanticsThe meaning of a word, phrase, sentence, or text
significance, import, implicationA meaning / meaning that is not expressly stated but can be inferred / inferred / inferred
tenor, strainThe general meaning / meaning or substance of an utterance
undertone, undercurrentA subdued emotional quality underlying an utterance
Broaderidea, thoughtThe content of cognition
Spanishsentido, significado
Catalansentit, significat
English > substance: 8 senses > noun 4, substance
MeaningMaterial of a particular kind or constitution.
Example"the immune response recognizes invading substances"
Broaderphysical entityAn entity that has physical existence
English > substance: 8 senses > noun 5, possession
Meaningconsiderable capital (wealth / wealth or income).
Synonymmeans
NarrowerpocketbookYour personal financial means
wherewithalThe necessary means (especially financial means)
Broadercapitalwealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value
Spanishmedios, recursos
English > substance: 8 senses > noun 6, communication
MeaningWhat a communication that is about something is about.
Synonymsmessage, content, subject matter
Narroweracknowledgment, acknowledgementA statement acknowledging something or someone
approval, commendationA message expressing a favorable opinion
bodyThe central message of a communication
commitment, dedicationA message that makes a pledge
corker(dated slang) a remarkable or excellent thing or person
digression, aside, excursus, divagation, parenthesisA message that departs from the main subject / subject
direction, instructionA message describing how something is to be done
disapprovalThe expression of disapproval
disrespect, discourtesyAn expression / expression of lack of respect
drivel, garbageA worthless message
guidance, counsel, counseling, counselling, directionSomething that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
information, infoA message received and understood
interpolation, insertionA message (spoken or written) that is introduced or inserted / inserted
latent content(psychoanalysis) hidden meaning / meaning of a fantasy or dream
meaning, significance, signification, importThe message that is intended or expressed or signified
memorialA written statement of facts submitted in conjunction with a petition to an authority
narrative, narration, story, taleA message that tells the particulars of an act or occurrence or course of events
nonsense, bunk, nonsensicality, meaninglessness, hokumA message that seems to convey no meaning / meaning
offer, offeringSomething offered (as a proposal or bid)
opinion, viewA message expressing a belief about something
promotion, promo, publicity, promotional material, packagingA message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea or person or institution
proposalSomething proposed (such as a plan or assumption / assumption)
refusalA message refusing to accept / accept something that is offered
reminderA message that helps you remember something
request, petition, postulationA formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority
respects(often used with 'pay') a formal expression of esteem
sensationalismsubject matter that is calculated to excite and please vulgar tastes
shockerA sensational / sensational message (in a film or play or novel)
statementA message that is stated or declared
statementA nonverbal message
subject, topic, themeThe subject matter of a conversation or discussion
submission, entrySomething (manuscripts or architectural plans and models or estimates or works of art of all genres etc.) submitted for the judgment of others (as in a competition)
wit, humor, humour, witticism, wittinessA message whose ingenuity / ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter
BroadercommunicationSomething that is communicated by or to or between people or groups
Spanishcontenido, mensaje, tema
Catalancontingut, missatge, tema
English > substance: 8 senses > noun 7, attribute
MeaningThe property of holding together and retaining its shape.
Synonymsconsistency, consistence, body
Attributesthickrelatively dense / dense in consistency
thinrelatively thin in consistency or low in density / density
NarrowerbreakablenessThe consistency of something that breaks / breaks / breaks under pressure
gaseousnessHaving the consistency of a gas
hardnessThe property of being rigid and resistant to pressure
porosity, porousnessThe property of being porous
softnessThe property of giving little resistance to pressure and being easily cut or molded
solidity, solidnessThe consistency of a solid
thicknessresistance to flow
thinnessA consistency of low viscosity
unbreakablenessA consistency of something that does not break / break / break under pressure
viscosity, viscousnessresistance of a liquid / liquid to shear forces (and hence to flow)
BroaderpropertyA basic or essential attribute shared by all members of a class
Spanishconsistencia, eubstance
Catalanconsistència, eubstance
English > substance: 8 senses > noun 8, Tops
MeaningA particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties.
Example"shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man"
Narroweradulterant, adulteratorAny substance that lessens the purity or effectiveness of a substance
agentA substance that exerts some force or effect
allergenAny substance that can cause an allergy
antigenAny substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
assayA substance that is undergoing an analysis of its components
carcinogenAny substance that produces cancer
chemical irritantA substance producing irritation
denaturantAny substance that serves as a denaturing agent
digestiveAny substance that promotes digestion
fermentA substance capable of bringing about fermentation
fomentationA substance used as a warm moist medicinal compress or poultice
food, nutrientAny substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue
fuelA substance that can be consumed to produce energy
humectantAny substance that is added to another substance to keep it moist
hydrocolloidA substance that forms a gel with water
inhibitorA substance that retards or stops an activity
inoculant, inoculumA substance (a virus or toxin or immune serum) that is introduced into the body to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease
jellyAny substance having the consistency of jelly or gelatin
leaven, leaveningA substance used to produce fermentation in dough or a liquid / liquid
ligandA substance (an atom or molecule or radical or ion) that forms a complex around a central atom
lubricant, lubricator, lubricating substance, lubeA substance capable of reducing friction by making surfaces smooth or slippery
lysinAny substance (such as an antibody) or agent that can cause lysis
metaboliteAny substance involved in metabolism (either as a product of metabolism or as necessary for metabolism)
nutrientAny substance (such as a chemical element or inorganic compound) that can be taken in by a green plant and used in organic synthesis
philosopher's stone, philosophers' stone, elixirhypothetical substance that the alchemists believed to be capable of changing base metals into gold
poison, toxicant, poisonous substanceAny substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism
propellant, propellentAny substance that propels
pyrogen, pyrecticAny substance that can cause a rise in body temperature
pyrogenAny substance characterized by its great flammability
refrigerantAny substance used to provide cooling (as in a refrigerator)
vehicleAny substance that facilitates the use of a drug or pigment or other material that is mixed with it
BroadermatterThat which has mass and occupies space
Spanishsubstancia, sustancia
Catalansubstància, sustància

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