HyperDic: strain

English > 20 senses of the word strain:
NOUNphenomenonstrain(physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
statestrain, stressdifficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
communicationstrain, tune, melody, air, melodic line, line, melodic phrasea succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence
statestrain, mental strain, nervous strain(psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress
groupstrain, breed, stocka special variety of domesticated animals within a species
groupstrain, form, variant, var.(biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups
statestraininjury to a muscle (often caused by overuse)
cognitionstrain, tenorthe general meaning / meaning or substance of an utterance
actstrain, striving, nisus, painsan effortful attempt to attain a goal / goal
actstrain, strainingan intense or violent exertion
actstrain, songthe act of singing / singing
VERBcompetitionstrain, strive, reachto exert much effort or energy
emotionstrain, try, stresstest the limits of
consumptionstrain, extenduse to the utmost
contactstrain, sift, sieveseparate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements
bodystrain, tense, tense upcause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious
contactstrain, tensebecome stretched or tense or taut
contactstrain, filter, filtrate, separate out, filter outremove by passing through a filter
contactstrain, pureerub through a strainer or process in an electric blender
changestrain, deform, distortalter the shape of (something) by stress
strain > pronunciation
Soundsstrey'n
Rhymesabstain ... windowpane: 127 rhymes with eyn...
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 1, phenomenon
Meaning(physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces.
Categoryphysics, natural philosophyThe science of matter and energy and their interactions
NarroweroverstrainToo much strain
Broaderdeformationalteration in the shape or dimensions of an object as a result of the application of stress to it
Verbsstraincause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious
strainbecome stretched or tense or taut
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 2, state
Meaningdifficulty that causes worry or emotional tension.
Example"she endured the stresses and strains of life"
Synonymstress
BroaderdifficultyA condition or state of affairs almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome
Spanishestrés, tensión
Catalantensió
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 3, communication
MeaningA succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence.
Synonymstune, melody, air, melodic line, line, melodic phrase
Partsphrase, musical phraseA short musical passage
Narrowerflourish, fanfare, tucket(music) a short / short lively tune played on brass instruments
glissandoA rapid series of ascending or descending notes on the musical scale
leitmotiv, leitmotifA melodic phrase that accompanies the reappearance of a person or situation (as in Wagner's operas)
part, voiceThe melody carried by a particular voice or instrument in polyphonic music
roulade(music) an elaborate run of several notes sung to one syllable
signature, signature tune, theme songA melody used to identify a performer or a dance band or radio/tv program
theme, melodic theme, musical theme, idea(music) melodic subject of a musical composition
theme songA melody that recurs and comes to represent a musical play or movie
BroadermusicAn artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
Spanishaire, cuerda, línea, melodía, tonada, ton
Catalanaire, melodia, tonada
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 4, state
Meaning(psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress.
Examples
  • "his responsibilities were a constant strain"
  • "the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"
Synonymsmental strain, nervous strain
Categorypsychology, psychological scienceThe science of mental life
Narrowertension, tenseness, stress(psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense
Broadernervousness, nervesAn uneasy psychological state
Spanishnerviosidad, nerviosismo, nervios, tensión
Catalannerviosisme, nerviositat, nervis, tensió
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 5, group
MeaningA special variety of domesticated animals within a species.
Example "he created a new strain of sheep"
Synonymsbreed, stock
Member ofspecies(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
Narrowerbloodstockthoroughbred horses (collectively)
pedigreeline of descent of a purebred animal
Broaderanimal groupA group of animals
variety(biology) a taxonomic category consisting of members of a species that differ from others of the same species in minor but heritable characteristics / characteristics
Spanishraza, variedad
Catalanraça
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 6, group
Meaning(biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups.
Example"a new strain of microorganisms"
Synonymsform, variant, var.
Categorybiology, biological scienceThe science that studies living organisms
Member ofspecies(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
Broadertaxonomic group, taxonomic category, taxonanimal or plant group having natural relations
Spanishforma, variante, var.
Catalanvariant, var.
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 7, state
MeaningInjury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain.
Broaderinjury, hurt, harm, traumaAny physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
Verbsstrainalter the shape of (something) by stress
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 8, cognition
MeaningThe general meaning / meaning or substance of an utterance.
Synonymtenor
Narrowerdrift, purportThe pervading meaning / meaning or tenor
Broadermeaning, substanceThe idea that is intended
Spanishtenor, tono
Catalanto
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 9, act
MeaningAn effortful attempt to attain a goal / goal.
Synonymsstriving, nisus, pains
Narrowerjihad, jehadA holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Broaderattempt, effort, endeavor, endeavour, tryearnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish / accomplish something
Spanishafán, esfuerzo, esmero, nisus, pugna
Catalanesforç, nisus, treballs
Adjectivesstrenuoustaxing to the utmost
Verbsstrainto exert much effort or energy
strainuse to the utmost
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 10, act
MeaningAn intense or violent exertion.
Synonymstraining
Broadereffort, elbow grease, exertion, travail, sweatUse of physical or mental energy
Spanishesfuerzo
Adjectivesstrenuouscharacterized by or performed with much energy or force
Verbsstrainto exert much effort or energy
strainuse to the utmost
straintest the limits of
English > strain: 20 senses > noun 11, act
MeaningThe act of singing / singing.
Synonymsong
NarrowercarolA joyful song (usually celebrating the birth of Christ)
lullaby, cradlesongThe act of singing a quiet song to lull a child to sleep / sleep
Broadervocal musicmusic that is vocalized (as contrasted with instrumental music)
Spanishcanción, canto, son
Catalancançó
English > strain: 20 senses > verb 1, competition
MeaningTo exert much effort or energy.
PatternSomebody ----s; Somebody ----s PP
Example"straining our ears to hear"
Synonymsstrive, reach
Narrowerextend oneselfstrain to the utmost
kill oneself, overexert oneselfstrain oneself more than is healthy
trouble oneself, trouble, bother, inconvenience oneselfTake the trouble to do something
Broadertug, labor, labour, push, drivestrive and make an effort to reach / reach a goal / goal
Spanishesforzarse, esforzar
Nounsstrainan effortful attempt to attain a goal / goal
strainan intense or violent exertion
English > strain: 20 senses > verb 2, emotion
MeaningTest the limits of.
PatternSomebody ----s something; Something ----s something
Synonymstry, stress
Narrowerrackstretch to the limits / limits
BroaderafflictCause great unhappiness for
Spanishponer a prueba
Nounsstrainan intense or violent exertion
English > strain: 20 senses > verb 3, consumption
MeaningUse to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity.
PatternSomebody ----s something; Something ----s something
Example "Don't strain your mind too much"
Synonymextend
Narroweroverstrain, overextendstrain excessively
tax, taskUse to the limit
Broaderuse, utilize, utilise, apply, employput into service
Spanishgastarse
Catalangastar-se
Nounsstrainan effortful attempt to attain a goal / goal
strain, strainingan intense or violent exertion
English > strain: 20 senses > verb 4, contact
Meaningseparate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements.
PatternSomebody ----s something; Something ----s something
Synonymssift, sieve
Narrowerresiftsift anew
ricesieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice
riddle, screenseparate with a riddle, as grain from chaff
winnowseparate the chaff from by using air currents
Broaderseparatedivide into components or constituents
Spanishcerner, cernir, colar, separar, tamizar
Catalanbarutellar, colar, tamisar
Nounsstrainera filter to retain larger / larger pieces while smaller pieces and liquids / liquids pass through
English > strain: 20 senses > verb 5, body
MeaningCause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious.
PatternSomebody ----s something; Something ----s somebody
Synonymstense, tense up
Cause totense, tense upBecome tense, nervous, or uneasy
Narrowerstretch, extendExtend one's limbs or muscles, or the entire body
Broaderaffectact physically on
Oppositerelax, unstrain, unlax, loosen up, unwind, make relaxedCause to feel relaxed
Spanishtensarse, tensar
Catalantensar, tibar
Nounsstrain(physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
English > strain: 20 senses > verb 6, contact
Meaningbecome stretched or tense or taut.
PatternSomething ----s
Example"the rope strained when the weight was attached"
Synonymtense
BroadertightenBecome tight / tight / tight / tight / tight or tighter / tighter / tighter / tighter / tighter
Spanishtensarse, tensar
Nounsstrain(physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
English > strain: 20 senses > verb 7, contact
MeaningRemove by passing through a filter.
PatternSomebody ----s something; Something ----s something
Synonymsfilter, filtrate, separate out, filter out
Broaderseparatedivide into components or constituents
Spanishcolar, escolar, filtrar, tamizar
Catalancolar, filtrar
Nounsstrainera filter to retain larger / larger pieces while smaller pieces and liquids / liquids pass through
English > strain: 20 senses > verb 8, contact
Meaningrub through a strainer or process in an electric blender.
PatternSomething ----s something
Synonympuree
Categorycooking, cookery, preparationThe act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
BroaderrubMove over something with pressure
English > strain: 20 senses > verb 9, change
MeaningAlter the shape of (something) by stress.
PatternSomebody ----s something; Something ----s something
Synonymsdeform, distort
Narrowerjaundicedistort adversely
Broadershape, formGive shape or form to
Spanishdeformar, distorsionar
Catalandeformar
Nounsstraininjury to a muscle (often caused by overuse)

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