HyperDic: shock

English > 17 senses of the word shock:
NOUNfeelingshock, daze, stuporthe feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens / happens accidentally
actshock, impactthe violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat
actshock, electric shock, electrical shocka reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body
stateshock(pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells
eventshock, seismic disturbancean instance of agitation of the earth's crust
eventshock, blowan unpleasant or disappointing surprise
groupshocka pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry
groupshocka bushy thick mass (especially hair)
eventshock, jolt, jar, jouncea sudden jarring impact
artifactshock, shock absorber, cushiona mechanical damper
VERBemotionshock, floor, ball over, blow out of the water, take abacksurprise greatly
emotionshock, offend, scandalize, scandalise, appal, appall, outragestrike with disgust or revulsion
emotionshockstrike with horror or terror
contactshockcollide violently
contactshockcollect or gather into shocks
bodyshocksubject to electrical shocks
bodyshock, traumatize, traumatiseinflict a trauma upon
shock > pronunciation
Soundsshaa'k
Rhymesaftershock ... woodcock: 87 rhymes with aak...
English > shock: 17 senses > noun 1, feeling
MeaningThe feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens / happens accidentally.
Example "he was numb with shock"
Synonymsdaze, stupor
BroaderstupefactionA feeling of stupefied astonishment
Spanishaturdimiento, conmoción, estupor
Catalanestupor
Verbsshockinflict a trauma upon
shockstrike with horror or terror
shockstrike with disgust or revulsion
English > shock: 17 senses > noun 2, act
MeaningThe violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat.
Example"the armies met in the shock of battle"
Synonymimpact
Broaderfight, fighting, combat, scrapThe act of fighting
Verbsshockcollide violently
English > shock: 17 senses > noun 3, act
MeaningA reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body.
Examples
  • "subjects received a small electric shock when they made the wrong response"
  • "electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks"
Synonymselectric shock, electrical shock
Broaderreflex, reflex response, reflex action, instinctive reflex, innate reflex, inborn reflex, unconditioned reflex, physiological reactionAn automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus
Spanishchoque
Verbsshocksubject to electrical shocks
English > shock: 17 senses > noun 4, state
Meaning(pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor.
Example"loss of blood is an important cause of shock"
CategorypathologyThe branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
Narrowercardiogenic shockshock caused by cardiac arrest
distributive shockshock caused by poor distribution of the blood flow
hypovolemic shockshock caused by severe blood or fluid loss
insulin shock, insulin reactionhypoglycemia produced by excessive insulin in the system causing coma
obstructive shockshock caused by obstruction of blood flow
Broadercollapse, prostrationAn abrupt failure of function or complete physical exhaustion
Spanishchoque
Catalanxoc
English > shock: 17 senses > noun 5, event
MeaningAn instance of agitation of the earth's crust.
Example"the first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch"
Synonymseismic disturbance
Broaderearthquake, quake, temblor, seismshaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity
Spanishperturbación sísmica, sacudida sísmica
Catalanpertorbació sísmica, sacsejada sísmica
English > shock: 17 senses > noun 6, event
MeaningAn unpleasant or disappointing surprise.
Example"it came as a shock to learn that he was injured"
Synonymblow
NarrowerblipA sudden minor shock or meaningless interruption
BroadersurpriseA sudden unexpected event
Spanishconmoción, disgusto, golpe
Verbsshockinflict a trauma upon
shockstrike with horror or terror
shocksurprise greatly
English > shock: 17 senses > noun 7, group
MeaningA pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field.
Examples
  • "corn is bound in small sheaves and several sheaves are set up together in shocks"
  • "whole fields of wheat in shock"
Broaderpile, heap, mound, agglomerate, cumulation, cumulusA collection of objects laid on top of each other
Spanishgarbera, tresnal
Catalangarbera
Verbsshockcollect or gather into shocks
English > shock: 17 senses > noun 8, group
MeaningA bushy thick mass (especially hair).
Example"he had an unruly shock of black hair"
BroadermassAn ill-structured collection of similar things (objects or people)
English > shock: 17 senses > noun 9, event
MeaningA sudden jarring impact.
Example "all the jars and jolts were smoothed out by the shock absorbers"
Synonymsjolt, jar, jounce
Broaderblow, bumpAn impact (as from a collision)
Spanishchoque, concusión, sacudida
Catalanxoc
English > shock: 17 senses > noun 10, artifact
MeaningA mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses.
Example"the old car needed a new set of shocks"
Synonymsshock absorber, cushion
Part ofsuspension, suspension systemA mechanical system of springs or shock absorbers connecting the wheels and axles to the chassis of a wheeled vehicle
Narrowerair cushion, air springA mechanical device using confined air to absorb the shock of motion
Broaderdamper, mufflerA device that decreases the amplitude of electronic, mechanical, acoustical, or aerodynamic oscillations
Spanishamortiguador
Catalanamortidor, esmorteïdor
English > shock: 17 senses > verb 1, emotion
Meaningsurprise greatly; knock someone's socks off.
PatternSomebody ----s somebody; Something ----s somebody
ModelThe bad news will shock him; The good news will shock her
Synonymsfloor, ball over, blow out of the water, take aback
Narrowerstartle, galvanize, galvaniseTo stimulate to action
BroadersurpriseCause to be surprised
Spanishaturdir, chocar, pasmar, sorprender
Catalanatordir, esbalair, xocar
Nounsshockan unpleasant or disappointing surprise
English > shock: 17 senses > verb 2, emotion
Meaningstrike with disgust or revulsion.
PatternSomebody ----s somebody; Something ----s somebody
ModelThe performance is likely to shock Sue
Example"The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends"
Synonymsoffend, scandalize, scandalise, appal, appall, outrage
Broaderdisgust, revolt, nauseate, sicken, churn upCause aversion in
Spanishchocar, consternar, deshonrar, escandalizar, horrorizar, impactar, indignar, insultar, ofender
Catalanescandalitzar, espantar, horroritzar, indignar, insultar, ofendre, sobresaltar, sobtar, ultratjar, xocar
Nounsshockthe feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens / happens accidentally
shockera shockingly bad person
English > shock: 17 senses > verb 3, emotion
Meaningstrike with horror or terror.
PatternSomebody ----s somebody; Something ----s somebody
ModelThe bad news will shock him; The performance is likely to shock Sue
Example"The news of the bombing shocked her"
Broaderdismay, alarm, appal, appall, horrifyFill with apprehension or alarm
Spanishchocar, choquear, conmocionar
Catalancommocionar
Nounsshockan unpleasant or disappointing surprise
shockthe feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens / happens accidentally
shockera sensational / sensational message (in a film or play or novel)
English > shock: 17 senses > verb 4, contact
Meaningcollide violently.
PatternSomething ----s; Somebody ----s
Broadercollide, clashcrash together with violent impact
Spanishchocar
Nounsshockthe violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat
English > shock: 17 senses > verb 5, contact
MeaningCollect or gather into shocks.
PatternSomebody ----s something
Example"shock grain"
Broadergather, garner, collect, pull togetherAssemble or get together
Spanishagavillar, gavillar, impresionar
Nounsshocka pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry
English > shock: 17 senses > verb 6, body
Meaningsubject to electrical shocks.
PatternSomebody ----s somebody
Narrowergalvanize, galvanisestimulate (muscles) by administering a shock
Broadertreat, care forProvide treatment for
Nounsshocka reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body
English > shock: 17 senses > verb 7, body
Meaninginflict a trauma upon.
PatternSomething ----s somebody
Synonymstraumatize, traumatise
Broaderinjure, woundCause injuries or bodily harm to
Spanishcausar un trauma, traumatizar
Catalantraumatitzar
Nounsshockan unpleasant or disappointing surprise
shockthe feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens / happens accidentally

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