HyperDic: rough

English > 18 senses of the word rough:
ADJECTIVEallrough, unsmoothhaving or caused by an irregular surface
allrough(of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse
allrough, approximate, approximativenot quite exact or correct
allrough, rockyfull of hardship or trials
allrough, boisterous, fierceviolently agitated and turbulent
allrough, grating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, scratchyunpleasantly harsh or grating in sound
allrough, pugnaciousready and able to resort to force or violence
allroughof the margin of a leaf shape
allrough, rocky, bumpy, jolty, jolting, jumpycausing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements
allrough, uncutnot shaped by cutting or trimming
allrough, crudenot carefully or expertly made
allroughnot perfected
allrough, harshunpleasantly stern
allrough, harshunkind or cruel or uncivil
ADVERBallrough, roughlywith roughness or violence ('rough' is an informal variant for 'roughly')
allrough, roughlywith rough motion as over a rough surface
VERBcreationrough, rough in, rough outprepare in preliminary or sketchy form
NOUNlocationroughthe part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short
rough > pronunciation
Soundsrah'f
Rhymesaleph ... woodruff: 40 rhymes with ahf...
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 1
MeaningHaving or caused by an irregular surface.
Examples
  • "trees with rough bark"
  • "rough ground"
  • "rough skin"
  • "rough blankets"
Synonymunsmooth
Narrowerabrasive, scratchyCausing abrasion
alligatored, crackedOf paint or varnish
barkyresembling the rough bark of a tree
broken, ruggedtopographically very uneven
bullateOf leaves
bumpyCovered with or full of bumps
chapped, cracked, roughenedUsed of skin roughened as a result of cold or exposure
corded, twilledOf textiles
costate, ribbed(of the surface) having a rough, riblike texture
cragged, craggy, hilly, mountainousHaving hills and crags
crushedtreated so as to have a permanently wrinkled appearance
gravelly, pebbly, shinglyAbounding in small stones
homespun, nubby, nubbly, slubbed, tweedyOf textiles
imbricate, imbricatedUsed especially of leaves or bracts
lepidote, leprose, scabrous, scaly, scurfyrough to the touch
lined, seamed(used especially of skin) marked by lines or seams
pocked, pockmarked, potholedUsed of paved surfaces having holes or pits
rock-ribbed, rockboundAbounding in or bordered by rocky cliffs or scarps
rocky, bouldery, bouldered, stonyabounding in rocks or stones / stones
roughishSomewhat rough
rugoseOf leaves
sandpaperyHaving the abrasive texture of sandpaper
saw-likeHaving rough edges that can be used for sawing
scabbyCovered with scabs
shagged, shaggyHaving a very rough nap or covered with hanging shags
squamuloseCovered with tiny scales
textured, rough-textured, coarse-texturedHaving surface roughness
verrucose, warty, wartlike(of skin) covered with warts or projections that resemble warts
See alsocoarse, harshOf textures that are rough to the touch or substances consisting of relatively large particles
irregularcontrary to rule or accepted order or general practice
nonslipperynot slippery
unevennot even or uniform as e.g. in shape or texture
unfinishednot brought to the desired final / final state
unironed, wrinkled(of linens or clothes) not ironed
unpolishednot carefully reworked or perfected or made smooth by polishing
OppositesmoothHaving a surface free from roughness or bumps or ridges or irregularities
Spanisháspero
Catalanaspre
Nounsroughnessa texture of a surface or edge that is not smooth but is irregular and uneven
Adverbsroughlywith rough motion as over a rough surface
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 2
Meaning(of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse.
Examples
  • "she was a diamond in the rough"
  • "rough manners"
Broaderunrefined(used of persons and their behavior) not refined
Spanishbasto
Nounsroughnessrowdy behavior
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 3
Meaningnot quite exact or correct.
Example "a rough guess"
Synonymsapproximate, approximative
Broaderinexactnot exact
Spanishaproximado, aproximativo
Catalanaproximat
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 4
MeaningFull of hardship or trials.
Example "they were having a rough time"
Synonymrocky
Broaderdifficult, hardnot easy
Spanishduro, escabroso
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 5
Meaningviolently agitated and turbulent.
Examples
  • "rough weather"
  • "rough seas"
Synonymsboisterous, fierce
Broaderstormy(especially of weather) affected or characterized by storms / storms or commotion
Spanishborrascoso, turbulento
Catalanborrascós, turbulent
Nounsroughnessused of the sea during inclement or stormy weather
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 6
Meaningunpleasantly harsh or grating in sound.
Synonymsgrating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, scratchy
Broadercacophonous, cacophonicHaving an unpleasant sound
Spanisháspero, austero, rugoso
Catalanaspre, raspós, rugós
Nounsroughnessthe quality of being unpleasant (harsh or rough or grating) to the senses
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 7
MeaningReady and able to resort to force or violence.
Example "they were rough and determined fighting men"
Synonympugnacious
BroaderaggressiveHaving or showing determination and energetic / energetic pursuit of your ends
Nounsroughnessrowdy behavior
Adverbsroughlywith roughness or violence ('rough' is an informal variant for 'roughly')
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 8
MeaningOf the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped.
Categorybotany, phytologyThe branch of biology that studies plants
NarrowerbidentateHaving toothlike projections that are themselves toothed
biserrateHaving saw-like notches with the notches themselves similarly notched
ciliate, ciliatedHaving a margin or fringe of hairlike projections
crenate, crenated, scallopedHaving a margin with rounded scallops
crenulate, crenulatedHaving a margin with small rounded teeth
crispatewavy or notched and curled very irregularly
dentateHaving toothlike projections in the margin
denticulateHaving a very finely toothed margin
emarginateHaving a notched tip
erose, jagged, jaggy, notched, toothedHaving an irregularly notched or toothed margin as though gnawed
fimbriateHaving a fringe of slender processes
fringed, laciniateHaving edges irregularly and finely slashed
lacerate, laceratedirregularly slashed and jagged as if torn
pectinatelike a comb
rimoseHaving a surface covered with a network of cracks and small crevices
runcinateHaving incised margins with the lobes or teeth pointing toward the base
serrate, serrated, saw-toothed, toothed, notchednotched like a saw with teeth pointing toward the apex
serrulateminutely serrated
spinoseHaving spines
See alsocompoundComposed of more than one part
simple, unsubdivided(botany) of leaf shapes
OppositesmoothOf the margin of a leaf shape
Spanishdentado, denticulado
Catalandentat, denticulat
Nounsroughnessa texture of a surface or edge that is not smooth but is irregular and uneven
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 9
MeaningCausing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements.
Example"a rough ride"
Synonymsrocky, bumpy, jolty, jolting, jumpy
OppositesmoothOf motion that runs or flows or proceeds without jolts or turbulence
Spanishdesparejo, dispar, disparejo
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 10
Meaningnot shaped by cutting or trimming.
Example "rough gemstones"
Synonymuncut
Narrowerunsheared(used especially of fur or wool) not having been sheared
Oppositecutfashioned or shaped by cutting
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 11
Meaningnot carefully or expertly made.
Example "rough carpentry"
Synonymcrude
Broaderunskillednot having or showing or requiring special skill or proficiency / proficiency
Spanishrudo, tosco
Nounsroughnessan unpolished unrefined quality
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 12
Meaningnot perfected.
Examples
  • "a rough draft"
  • "a few rough sketches"
Broaderunpolishednot carefully reworked or perfected or made smooth by polishing
Spanishrudimentario
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 13
Meaningunpleasantly stern.
Example "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"
Synonymharsh
BroaderunpleasantDisagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings
Nounsroughnessan unpolished unrefined quality
English > rough: 18 senses > adjective 14
Meaningunkind or cruel or uncivil.
Example "a rough answer"
Synonymharsh
Broaderunkindlacking kindness
Spanishsevero
English > rough: 18 senses > noun 1, location
MeaningThe part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short.
Part ofgolf course, links coursecourse consisting of a large landscaped area for playing golf
Broadersite, land siteThe piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located)
Spanishraf
Catalanterreny escabrós
English > rough: 18 senses > adverb 1
MeaningWith roughness or violence ('rough' is an informal variant for 'roughly').
Examples
  • "he was pushed roughly aside"
  • "they treated him rough"
Synonymroughly
Usage ofcolloquialismA colloquial expression
Spanishásperamente, belicosamente, bruscamente, brusquedad, toscamente
English > rough: 18 senses > adverb 2
MeaningWith rough motion as over a rough surface.
Example"ride rough"
Synonymroughly
English > rough: 18 senses > verb 1, creation
MeaningPrepare in preliminary or sketchy form.
PatternSomebody ----s something
Synonymsrough in, rough out
BroaderprepareTo prepare verbally, either for written or spoken delivery
Spanishbosquejar

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