HyperDic: rna

English > 1 sense of the word RNA:
NOUNsubstanceRNA, ribonucleic acid(biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes
English > RNA: 1 sense > noun 1, substance
Meaning(biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell.
Synonymribonucleic acid
CategorybiochemistryThe organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms
Partsnucleic acid(biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells
Narrowermessenger RNA, mRNA, template RNA, informational RNAThe template for protein synthesis
nuclear RNA, nRNAribonucleic acid found in the nucleolus of the cell
transfer RNA, tRNA, acceptor RNA, soluble RNARNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)
BroaderpolymerA naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
Substancesadenine, A(biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA
cytosine, CA base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine
guanine, GA purine base found in DNA and RNA
riboseA pentose sugar important as a component of ribonucleic acid
uracil, UA base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine
Spanishácido ribonucleico, ARN, RNA
Catalanàcid ribonucleic, ARN

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