HyperDic: physiology

English > 2 senses of the word physiology:
NOUNcognitionphysiologythe branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
attributephysiologyprocesses and functions of an organism
physiology > pronunciation
Soundsfih.ziyaa'lahjhiy
RhymesAgee ... zoology: 128 rhymes with jhiy...
English > physiology: 2 senses > noun 1, cognition
MeaningThe branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms.
Category ofabducent, abductingespecially of muscles
abduction(physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body
accommodation(physiology) the automatic adjustment in focal length of the natural lens of the eye
acid-base equilibrium, acid-base balance(physiology) the normal equilibrium between acids and alkalis in the body
adaptation(physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light)
adducent, adductive, adductingespecially of muscles
adduction(physiology) moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
afferentOf nerves and nerve impulses
antagonistic muscle(physiology) a muscle that opposes the action of another
antidromicConducting nerve impulses in a direction opposite to normal
autacoidalOf or relating to an autacoid
automatic, reflex, reflexiveWithout volition or conscious control
autonomicrelating to or controlled by the autonomic nervous system
autoregulation(physiology) processes that maintain a generally constant physiological state in a cell or organism
contraction, muscular contraction, muscle contraction(physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber)
control(physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc
efferent, motorialOf nerves and nerve impulses
erectile, cavernousFilled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood
excitable, irritablecapable of responding to stimuli
homeostasis(physiology) metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes
humor, humour(Middle Ages) one of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed to determine your emotional and physical state
inhibition(physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part
innervatestimulate to action
involuntaryControlled by the autonomic nervous system
irradiation(physiology) the spread of sensory neural impulses in the cortex
irritateexcite to some characteristic action or condition, such as motion, contraction, or nervous impulse, by the application of a stimulus
isometricOf or involving muscular contraction in which tension increases while length remains constant
isotonicOf or involving muscular contraction in which tension is constant while length changes
isotonicOf two or more muscles
localization of function, localisation of function, localization principle, localisation principle, localization, localisation(physiology) the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
necrobiosis, cell death(physiology) the normal degeneration and death of living cells (as in various epithelial cells)
nutrition(physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished
parenteralLocated outside the alimentary tract
pressorincreasing (or tending to increase) blood pressure
relaxation(physiology) the gradual lengthening of inactive muscle or muscle fibers
sensitivity, sensitiveness, sensibility(physiology) responsiveness to external stimuli
stimulation(physiology) the effect of a stimulus (on nerves or organs etc.)
summation(physiology) the process whereby multiple stimuli can produce a response (in a muscle or nerve or other part) that one stimulus alone does not produce
sympatheticOf or relating to the sympathetic nervous system
tonicOf or relating to or producing normal tone or tonus in muscles or tissue
tumid, erectOf sexual organs
unaerated, unoxygenated(used of blood) not supplied with oxygen
vegetativeRelating to involuntary bodily functions
voluntaryControlled by individual volition
NarrowerhemodynamicsThe branch of physiology that studies the circulation of the blood and the forces involved
kinesiologyThe branch of physiology that studies the mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement
myologyThe branch of physiology that studies muscles
neurophysiologyThe branch of neuroscience that studies the physiology of the nervous system
Broaderbiology, biological scienceThe science that studies living organisms
Spanishfisiología
Catalanfisiologia
Adjectivesphysiologicof or consistent with an organism's normal functioning
physiologicalof or relating to the biological study of physiology
Nounsphysiologista biologist specializing in physiology
English > physiology: 2 senses > noun 2, attribute
MeaningProcesses and functions of an organism.
Category offacilitateincrease the likelihood of (a response)
fireGenerate an electrical impulse
Broaderbodily propertyAn attribute of the body
Spanishfisiología
Catalanfisiologia
Adjectivesphysiologic, physiologicalof or consistent with an organism's normal functioning
physiologicalof or relating to the biological study of physiology
Nounsphysiologista biologist specializing in physiology

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