HyperDic: physicist

English > 1 sense of the word physicist:
NOUNperson physicista scientist trained in physics
physicist > pronunciation
Soundsfih'zihsihst
Rhymesabortionist ... Zionist: 245 rhymes with ihst...
English > physicist: 1 sense > noun 1, person
MeaningA scientist trained in physics.
Categoryphysics, natural philosophyThe science of matter and energy and their interactions
InstancesAlhazen, Alhacen, al-Haytham, Ibn al-Haytham, Al-Hasan ibn al-HaythamAn Egyptian polymath (born in Iraq) whose research in geometry and optics was influential into the 17th century
Anderson, Philip Anderson, Philip Warren Anderson, Phil AndersonUnited States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-)
Appleton, Edward Appleton, Sir Edward Victor AppletonEnglish physicist remembered for his studies / studies of the ionosphere (1892-1966)
ArchimedesGreek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC)
Arrhenius, Svante August ArrheniusSwedish chemist and physicist noted for his theory of chemical dissociation (1859-1927)
Avogadro, Amedeo AvogadroItalian physicist noted for his work on gases
Bardeen, John BardeenUnited States physicist who won the Nobel prize for physics twice (1908-1991)
Becquerel, Henri Becquerel, Antoine Henri BecquerelFrench physicist who discovered that rays emitted by uranium salts affect photographic plates (1852-1908)
Bernoulli, Daniel BernoulliSwiss physicist who contributed to hydrodynamics and mathematical physics (1700-1782)
Boltzmann, Ludwig BoltzmannAustrian physicist who contributed to the kinetic theory of gases (1844-1906)
Brockhouse, Bertram BrockhouseCanadian physicist who bounced neutron beams off of atomic nuclei to study the structure of matter (1918-2003)
Carnot, Sadi Carnot, Nicolas Leonard Sadi CarnotFrench physicist who founded thermodynamics (1796-1832)
Cavendish, Henry CavendishBritish chemist and physicist who established that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen and who calculated the density / density of the earth (1731-1810)
Charles, Jacques Charles, Jacques Alexandre Cesar CharlesFrench physicist and author of Charles's law which anticipated Gay-Lussac's law (1746-1823)
Coulomb, Charles Augustin de CoulombFrench physicist famous for his discoveries in the field of electricity and magnetism
Crookes, William Crookes, Sir William CrookesEnglish chemist and physicist
Curie, Pierre CurieFrench physicist
Dalton, John DaltonEnglish chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory and the law of partial pressures
Dewar, Sir James DewarScottish chemist and physicist noted for his work in cryogenics and his invention of the Dewar flask (1842-1923)
Doppler, Christian Johann DopplerAustrian physicist famous for his discovery of the Doppler effect (1803-1853)
Einstein, Albert Einsteinphysicist born in Germany who formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity
Esaki, Leo Esakiphysicist honored for advances in solid state electronics (born in Japan in 1925)
Fahrenheit, Gabriel Daniel FahrenheitGerman physicist who invented the mercury thermometer and developed the scale of temperature that bears his name (1686-1736)
Faraday, Michael FaradayThe English physicist and chemist who discovered electromagnetic induction (1791-1867)
Fechner, Gustav Theodor FechnerGerman physicist who founded psychophysics
Foucault, Jean Bernard Leon FoucaultFrench physicist who determined the speed of light and showed that it travels slower in water than in air
Fourier, Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, Baron Jean Baptiste Joseph FourierFrench mathematician who developed Fourier analysis and studied the conduction of heat / heat (1768-1830)
Franck, James FranckUnited States physicist (born in Germany) who with Gustav Hertz performed an electron scattering experiment that proved the existence of the stationary energy states postulated by Niels Bohr (1882-1964)
Fresnel, Augustin Jean FresnelFrench physicist who invented polarized light and invented the Fresnel lens (1788-1827)
Fuchs, Klaus Fuchs, Emil Klaus Julius FuchsBritish physicist who was born in Germany and fled Nazi persecution
Gabor, Dennis GaborBritish physicist (born in Hungary) noted for his work on holography (1900-1979)
Gamow, George GamowUnited States physicist (born in Russia) who was a proponent of the big-bang theory and who did research in radioactivity and suggested the triplet code for DNA (1904-1968)
Gay-Lussac, Joseph Louis Gay-LussacFrench chemist and physicist who first isolated boron and who formulated the law describing the behavior of gases under constant pressure (1778-1850)
Geiger, Hans GeigerGerman physicist who developed the Geiger counter (1882-1945)
Gilbert, William GilbertEnglish court physician noted for his studies / studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603)
Goddard, Robert Hutchings GoddardUnited States physicist who developed the first successful liquid-fueled rocket (1882-1945)
Hawking, Stephen Hawking, Stephen William HawkingEnglish theoretical physicist (born in 1942)
Heaviside, Oliver HeavisideEnglish physicist and electrical engineer who helped develop telegraphic and telephonic communications
Helmholtz, Hermann von Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz, Baron Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von HelmholtzGerman physiologist and physicist (1821-1894)
Henry, Joseph HenryUnited States physicist who studied electromagnetic phenomena (1791-1878)
Hertz, Heinrich Hertz, Heinrich Rudolph HertzGerman physicist who was the first to produce electromagnetic waves artificially (1857-1894)
Hess, Victor Hess, Victor Franz HessUnited States physicist (born in Austria) who was a discoverer of cosmic radiation (1883-1964)
Huygens, Christiaan Huygens, Christian HuygensDutch physicist who first formulated the wave theory of light (1629-1695)
Joliot, Jean-Frederic Joliot, Joliot-Curie, Jean-Frederic Joliot-CurieFrench nuclear physicist who was Marie Curie's assistant and who worked with Marie Curie's daughter who he married (taking the name Joliot-Curie)
Joliot-Curie, Irene Joliot-CurieFrench physicist who (with her husband) synthesized new chemical elements (1897-1956)
Joule, James Prescott JouleEnglish physicist who established the mechanical theory of heat and discovered the first law of thermodynamics (1818-1889)
Kastler, Alfred KastlerFrench physicist (1902-1984)
Kelvin, First Baron Kelvin, William ThompsonBritish physicist who invented the Kelvin scale of temperature and pioneered undersea telegraphy (1824-1907)
Kirchhoff, G. R. Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert KirchhoffGerman physicist who with Bunsen pioneered spectrum analysis and formulated two laws governing electric networks (1824-1887)
Landau, Lev Davidovich LandauSoviet physicist who worked on low temperature physics (1908-1968)
Lenard, Philipp LenardGerman physicist who studied cathode rays (1862-1947)
Lippmann, Gabriel LippmannFrench physicist who developed the first color photographic process (1845-1921)
Lodge, Sir Oliver Lodge, Sir Oliver Joseph LodgeEnglish physicist who studied electromagnetic radiation and was a pioneer of radiotelegraphy (1851-1940)
Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon LorentzDutch physicist noted for work on electromagnetic theory (1853-1928)
Mach, Ernst MachAustrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
Maxwell, J. C. Maxwell, James Clerk MaxwellScottish physicist whose equations unified electricity and magnetism and who recognized the electromagnetic nature of light (1831-1879)
Meissner, Fritz W. MeissnerGerman physicist (1882-1974)
Michelson, A. A. Michelson, Albert Michelson, Albert Abraham MichelsonUnited States physicist (born in Germany) who collaborated with Morley in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1852-1931)
Millikan, Robert Andrews MillikanUnited States physicist who isolated the electron and measured its charge (1868-1953)
Neel, Louis Eugene Felix NeelFrench physicist noted for research on magnetism (born in 1904)
Nernst, Walther Hermann NernstGerman physicist and chemist who formulated the third law of thermodynamics (1864-1941)
Newton, Isaac Newton, Sir Isaac NewtonEnglish mathematician and physicist
Oersted, Hans Christian OerstedDanish physicist (1777-1851)
Ohm, Georg Simon OhmGerman physicist who formulated Ohm's law (1787-1854)
Pitot, Henri PitotFrench physicist for whom the Pitot tube was named (1695-1771)
Planck, Max Planck, Max Karl Ernst Ludwig PlanckGerman physicist whose explanation of blackbody radiation in the context of quantized energy emissions initiated quantum theory (1858-1947)
Powell, Cecil Frank PowellEnglish physicist who discovered the pion (the first known meson) which is a subatomic particle involved in holding the nucleus together (1903-1969)
Prokhorov, Aleksandr Prokhorov, Aleksandr Mikjailovich ProkhorovRussian physicist whose research into ways of moving electrons around atoms led to the development of masers and lasers for producing high-intensity radiation (1916-2002)
Rayleigh, Third Baron Rayleigh, Lord Rayleigh, John William StruttEnglish physicist who studied the density / density of gases and discovered argon
Reaumur, Rene Antoine Ferchault de ReaumurFrench physicist who invented the alcohol thermometer (1683-1757)
Roentgen, Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen, Rontgen, Wilhelm Konrad RontgenGerman physicist who discovered x-rays and developed roentgenography (1845-1923)
Rutherford, Ernest Rutherford, First Baron Rutherford, First Baron Rutherford of NelsonBritish physicist (born in New Zealand) who discovered the atomic nucleus and proposed a nuclear model of the atom (1871-1937)
Shockley, William Shockley, William Bradford ShockleyUnited States physicist (born in England) who contributed to the development of the electronic transistor (1910-1989)
Thompson, Benjamin Thompson, Count RumfordEnglish physicist (born in America) who studied heat and friction
Thomson, Joseph John Thomson, Sir Joseph John ThomsonEnglish physicist who experimented with the conduction of electricity through gases and who discovered the electron and determined its charge and mass (1856-1940)
Thomson, George Paget Thomson, Sir George Paget ThomsonEnglish physicist (son of Joseph John Thomson) who was a co-discoverer of the diffraction of electrons by crystals (1892-1975)
Torricelli, Evangelista TorricelliItalian physicist who invented the mercury barometer (1608-1647)
Tyndall, John TyndallBritish physicist (born in Ireland) remembered for his experiments / experiments on the transparency of gases and the absorption of radiant heat by gases and the transmission of sound through the atmosphere
Van Allen, James Alfred Van AllenUnited States physicist who discovered two belts of charged particles from the solar wind trapped by the Earth's magnetic field (born in 1914)
Van Vleck, John Van Vleck, John Hasbrouck Van VleckUnited States physicist (1899-1980)
Van de Graaff, Robert Van de Graaff, Robert Jemison Van de GraaffUnited States physicist (1901-1967)
Volta, Count Alessandro Volta, Conte Alessandro Volta, Conte Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio VoltaItalian physicist after whom the volt is named
Weber, Wilhelm Eduard WeberGerman physicist and brother of E. H. Weber
Weinberg, Steven WeinbergUnited States theoretical physicist (born in 1933)
Wheatstone, Sir Charles WheatstoneEnglish physicist and inventor who devised the Wheatstone bridge (1802-1875)
Wilson, Robert Woodrow WilsonUnited States physicist honored for his work on cosmic microwave radiation (born in 1918)
Wollaston, William Hyde WollastonEnglish chemist and physicist who discovered palladium and rhodium and demonstrated that static and current electricity are the same (1766-1828)
Yang Chen Ning, Chen N. YangUnited States physicist (born in China) who collaborated with Tsung Dao Lee in disproving the principle of conservation of parity (born in 1922)
Young, Thomas YoungBritish physicist and Egyptologist
Zeeman, Pieter ZeemanDutch physicist honored for his research on the influence of magnetism on radiation which showed that light is radiated by the motion of charged particles in an atom (1865-1943)
Zworykin, Vladimir Kosma ZworykinUnited States physicist who invented the iconoscope (1889-1982)
van der Waals, Johannes van der Waals, Johannes Diderik van der WaalsDutch physicist (1837-1923)
NarrowerTownes, Charles Townes, Charles Hard TownesUnited States physicist who developed the laser and maser principles for producing high-intensity radiation (1915-)
acousticianA physicist who specializes in acoustics
astronomer, uranologist, stargazerA physicist who studies astronomy
biophysicistA physicist who applies the methods of physics to biology
nuclear physicistA physicist who specializes in nuclear physics
BroaderscientistA person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences
Spanishfísica, físico
Catalanfísic
Nounsphysicsthe science of matter and energy and their interactions

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