HyperDic: infectious_disease

English > 1 sense of the expression infectious disease:
NOUNstateinfectious diseasea disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact
English > infectious disease: 1 sense > noun 1, state
MeaningA disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact.
NarrowerAIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndromeA serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
brucellosis, undulant fever, Malta fever, Gibraltar fever, Rock fever, Mediterranean feverinfectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products
cholera, Asiatic cholera, Indian cholera, epidemic choleraAn acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
dengue, dengue fever, dandy fever, breakbone feverAn infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
dysenteryAn infection of the intestines marked by severe diarrhea
epidemic diseaseAny infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people
hepatitisinflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
herpesviral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
infectious mononucleosis, mononucleosis, mono, glandular fever, kissing diseaseAn acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase / increase / increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream
leprosy, Hansen's diseasechronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions
listeriosis, listeria meningitisAn infectious disease of animals and humans (especially newborn or immunosuppressed persons) caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes
meningitisinfectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection
mumps, epidemic parotitisAn acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
paratyphoid, paratyphoid feverAny of a variety of infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever
poliomyelitis, polio, infantile paralysis, acute anterior poliomyelitisAn acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
ratbite feverEither of two infectious diseases transmitted to humans by the bite of a rat or mouse
relapsing fever, recurrent fevermarked by recurring high fever and transmitted by the bite of infected lice or ticks
rheumatic feverA severe disease chiefly of children and characterized by painful inflammation of the joints and frequently damage to the heart valves
rickettsial disease, rickettsiosisinfectious disease caused by ticks or mites or body lice infected with rickettsial bacteria
sweating sickness, miliary feverepidemic in the 15th and 16th centuries and characterized by profuse sweating and high mortality
tuberculosis, TB, T.B.infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages / stages)
typhoid, typhoid fever, enteric feverserious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration
whooping cough, pertussisA disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
yaws, frambesia, framboesiaAn infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages / stages
yellow jack, yellow fever, black vomitCaused by a flavivirus transmitted by a mosquito
Broadercommunicable diseaseA disease that can be communicated from one person to another
Spanishenfermedad infecciosa
Catalanmalaltia infecciosa

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