HyperDic: biological_science

English > 1 sense of the expression biological science:
NOUNcognitionbiological science, biologythe science that studies living organisms
English > biological science: 1 sense > noun 1, cognition
MeaningThe science that studies living organisms.
Category ofabaxial, dorsalfacing away from the axis of an organ or organism
accretion(biology) growth by addition as by the adhesion of parts or particles
acephalouslacking a head or a clearly defined head
actinomorphic, actinomorphouscapable of division into symmetrical halves by any longitudinal plane passing through the axis
activator(biology) any agency bringing about activation
adaxial, ventralnearest to or facing toward the axis of an organ or organism
adnateOf unlike parts or organs
affinity, phylogenetic relation(biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts
alar, alary, aliform, wing-shapedHaving or resembling wings
allopatric(of biological species or speciation) occurring in areas isolated geographically from one another
alpineLiving or growing above the timber line
amphibiotic, semiaquaticHaving an aquatic early or larval form and a terrestrial / terrestrial adult form
analogouscorresponding / corresponding in function but not in evolutionary origin
anisogamy(biology) reproduction by the union or fusion of two differing gametes (especially differing in size)
antrorsebent / bent or curved forward or upward
apposition(biology) growth in the thickness of a cell wall by the deposit of successive layers of material
astomatous, mouthlessHaving no mouth or mouthlike opening
bacillar, bacillaryrelating to or produced by or containing bacilli
basophilicstaining readily with basic dyes
bilocular, biloculatedivided into or containing two cells or chambers
binucleate, binuclear, binucleatedHaving two nuclei
biologist, life scientist(biology) a scientist who studies living organisms
brachium(biology) a branching or armlike part of an animal
caducous, shedshed at an early stage / stage of development
canescent, hoaryCovered with fine whitish hairs or down
capitateabruptly enlarged and globose at the tip
cataplasia(biology) degenerative reversion of cells or tissue to a less differentiated or more primitive form
cell(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
cell theory, cell doctrine(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and functional units of all living organisms
cellularrelating to cells
cenogeneticOf or relating to cenogenesis
cernuous, drooping, nodding, pendulous, weepingHaving branches or flower heads that bend downward
class(biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders
coarctation(biology) a narrowing or constriction of a vessel or canal
commensalLiving in a state of commensalism
compressed, flatflattened laterally along the whole length (e.g., certain leafstalks or flatfishes)
conjugateUndergo conjugation
connateOf similar parts or organs
culture(biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar)
cybernetics(biology) the field of science concerned with processes of communication and control (especially the comparison of these processes in biological and artificial systems)
decomposition, rot, rotting, putrefaction, breakdown(biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action
dehiscence(biology) release of material by splitting open of an organ or tissue
dendrologyThe study of wooden plants
depressedflattened downward as if pressed from above or flattened along the dorsal and ventral surfaces
differentiatedExhibiting biological specialization
dimorphism(biology) the existence of two forms of individual within the same animal species (independent of sex differences)
diurnalOf or belonging to or active during the day
division(biology) a group of organisms forming a subdivision of a larger / larger category
dormant, hibernating, torpidIn a condition of biological rest or suspended animation
downy, pubescent, puberulent, sericeousCovered with fine soft hairs or down
ecological, ecologic, bionomical, bionomicOf or relating to the science of ecology
enucleateRemove the nucleus from (a cell)
epimorphicCharacterized by incomplete metamorphosis
evolution, organic evolution, phylogeny, phylogenesis(biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms
extracellularLocated or occurring outside a cell or cells
facultativeable to exist under more than one set of conditions
family(biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera
femaleThe sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop
fissiparousReproducing by fission
form, variant, strain, var.(biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups
form family(biology) an artificial taxonomic category for organisms of which the true relationships are obscure
form genus(biology) an artificial taxonomic category for organisms of which the true relationships are obscure
formativecapable of forming new cells and tissues
free-living, nonparasitic, nonsymbioticnot parasitic on another organism
generalized, generalisednot biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
genericrelating to or common to or descriptive of all members of a genus
geniculatebent at a sharp angle
genus(biology) taxonomic group containing one or more species
glabrousHaving no hair or similar growth
growth, growing, maturation, development, ontogeny, ontogenesis(biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically
hermaphroditic, hermaphroditeOf animal or plant
heterologous, heterologic, heterologicalnot corresponding / corresponding in structure or evolutionary origin
heterology(biology) the lack of correspondence of apparently similar body parts
homogeny(biology) similarity because of common evolution
homologic, homologicalSimilar in evolutionary origin but not in function
homologousHaving the same evolutionary origin but not necessarily the same function
in vivoWithin a living organism
inhibitLimit, block, or decrease the action or function of
intercellularLocated between cells
intracellularLocated or occurring within a cell or cells
intussusception(biology) growth in the surface area of a cell by the deposit of new particles between existing particles in the cell wall
isogamy(biology) reproduction by the union or fusion of gametes of the same size and structure
isomorphism, isomorphy(biology) similarity or identity of form or shape or structure
isomorphous, isomorphicHaving similar appearance but genetically different
katharobicOf living being in an oxygenated environment lacking organic matter
labile(chemistry, physics, biology) readily undergoing change or breakdown
lepidote, leprose, scabrous, scaly, scurfyrough to the touch
life force, vital force, vitality, elan vital(biology) a hypothetical force (not physical or chemical) once thought by Henri Bergson to cause the evolution and development of organisms
maleThe sex (of plant or animal) that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that perform the fertilizing function in generation
medium(biology) a substance in which specimens are preserved or displayed
memeA cultural unit (an idea or value or pattern of behavior) that is passed from one person to another by non-genetic means (as by imitation)
mentalOf or relating to the chin- or liplike structure in insects and certain mollusks
metamorphousproduced by metamorphosis
monad(biology) a single-celled microorganism (especially a flagellate protozoan)
mononuclear, mononucleateHaving only one nucleus
monotype(biology) a taxonomic group with a single member (a single species or genus)
monotypicConsisting of only one type
multiparousproducing more than one offspring at a time / time
mutant, mutation, variation, sport(biology) an organism that has characteristics / characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration
myrmecophilousLiving symbiotically with ants
naturalFunctioning or occurring in a normal way
nocturnalbelonging to or active during the night
nonterritorialnot displaying territoriality
nuclearOf or relating to or constituting / constituting the nucleus of a cell
nucleated, nucleateHaving a nucleus or occurring in the nucleus
obligaterestricted to a particular condition of life
order(biology) taxonomic group containing one or more families
organic phenomenon(biology) a natural phenomenon involving living plants and animals
osmosis(biology, chemistry) diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal
palingeneticOf or relating to palingenesis
pedunculate, stalkedHaving or growing on or from a peduncle or stalk
persistent, lastingRetained
phylum(biology) the major taxonomic group of animals and plants
pilous, pilose, pilaryCovered with hairs especially fine soft ones
pleomorphism(biology) the appearance of two or more distinctly different forms in the life cycle of some organisms
plumate, plumed, plumoseHaving an ornamental plume or feathery tuft
polydactyl, polydactylousOf or relating to a person (or other vertebrate) having more than the normal number of digits
polymorphic, polymorphousrelating to the occurrence of more than one kind of individual (independent of sexual differences) in an interbreeding population
polymorphism(biology) the existence of two or more forms of individuals within the same animal species (independent of sex differences)
propagateMultiply sexually or asexually
recognition(biology) the ability of one molecule to attach to another molecule that has a complementary shape
regeneration(biology) growth anew of lost tissue or destroyed parts or organs
replicate, copyReproduce or make an exact copy of
reproduce, procreate, multiplyhave offspring or produce more individuals of a given animal or plant
reproductionThe process of generating offspring
retrorsebent / bent or curved backward or downward
saprobicLiving in or being an environment rich in organic matter but lacking oxygen
semiaquatic, subaquaticpartially aquatic
sessile, stalklessattached directly by the base
sessilepermanently attached to a substrate
specialization, specialisation, differentiation(biology) the structural / structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function
species(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
spindle(biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division
stabile(chemistry, physics, biology) resistant to change
stomatousHaving a mouth or mouthlike opening
subaqueous, subaquatic, submerged, submersed, underwaterGrowing or remaining under water
subclass(biology) a taxonomic category below a class and above an order
subfamily(biology) a taxonomic category below a family
subgenus(biology) taxonomic group between a genus and a species
subkingdom(biology) a taxonomic group comprising a major division / division of a kingdom
suborder(biology) taxonomic group that is a subdivision of an order
subphylum(biology) a taxonomic group ranking between a phylum and a class
subspecies, race(biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species
superclass(biology) a taxonomic class below a phylum and above a class
superfamily(biology) a taxonomic group ranking below an order but above a family
superorder(biology) a taxonomic group ranking above an order and below a class or subclass
superphylum(biology) a taxonomic group ranking between a phylum and below a class or subclass
symbioticUsed of organisms (especially of different species) living together but not necessarily in a relation beneficial to each
symbioticallyIn a symbiotic manner
sympatric(of biological species or speciation) occurring in the same or overlapping geographical areas
taxonomic, taxonomical, systematicOf or relating to taxonomy
taxonomy(biology) study of the general principles of scientific classification
territorialDisplaying territoriality
tetramerousHaving or consisting of four similar parts
theory of evolution, theory of organic evolution, evolutionism(biology) a scientific theory of the origin of species of plants and animals
theory of inheritance(biology) a theory of how characteristics / characteristics of one generation are derived from earlier generations
thermolabile(chemistry, physics, biology) readily changed or destroyed by heat
tomentose, tomentousdensely covered with short matted woolly hairs
transformchange (a bacterial cell) into a genetically distinct cell by the introduction of DNA from another cell of the same or closely related species
tribe(biology) a taxonomic category between a genus and a subfamily
trinucleate, trinuclear, trinucleatedHaving three nuclei
turgor(biology) the normal rigid state of fullness of a cell or blood vessel or capillary resulting from pressure of the contents against the wall or membrane
type(biology) the taxonomic group whose characteristics / characteristics are used to define the next higher taxon
type genus(biology) genus from which the name of a family or subfamily is formed
type species(biology) the species that best exemplifies the essential characteristics / characteristics of the genus to which it belongs
uncus(biology) any hook-shaped process or part
uniparousproducing only one offspring at a time / time
valence, valency(biology) a relative capacity to unite or react or interact as with antigens or a biological substrate
variety(biology) a taxonomic category consisting of members of a species that differ from others of the same species in minor but heritable characteristics / characteristics
vegetatepropagate asexually
ventricose, ventricousHaving a swelling on one side
versatileable to move freely in all directions
vestigial, rudimentarynot fully developed in mature animals
zygomorphic, bilaterally symmetrical, zygomorphouscapable of division into symmetrical halves by only one longitudinal plane passing through the axis
NarrowerbiogeographyDealing with the geographical distribution of animals and plants
botany, phytologyThe branch of biology that studies plants
cryobiologyThe branch of biology that studies the effects of low temperatures on living tissues or organs or organisms
cytologyThe branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells
ecology, bionomics, environmental scienceThe branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment / environment
embryologyThe branch of biology that studies the formation and early development of living organisms
exobiology, space biology, astrobiologyThe branch of biology concerned with the effects of outer space on living organisms and the search for extraterrestrial life
forestryThe science of planting and caring for forests / forests and the management of growing timber
genetics, genetic scienceThe branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
microbiologyThe branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans
molecular biologyThe branch of biology that studies the structure and activity of macromolecules essential to life (and especially with their genetic role)
morphologyThe branch of biology that deals with the structure of animals and plants
neurobiologyThe branch of biology that deals with the anatomy and physiology and pathology of the nervous system
paleobiology, palaeobiologyA branch of paleontology that deals with the origin and growth and structure of fossil animals and plants as living organisms
physiologyThe branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
radiobiologyThe branch of biology that studies the effects of radiation on living organisms
sociobiologyThe branch of biology that conducts comparative studies of the social organization of animals (including human beings) with regard to its evolutionary history
zoology, zoological scienceThe branch of biology that studies animals
Broaderlife science, bioscienceAny of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms

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