HyperDic: jurisprudència

Català > 2 sentits de la paraula jurisprudència:
NOMgroupjurisprudència, lleithe collection of rules imposed by authority
cognitionjurisprudènciathe branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do
Català > jurisprudència: 2 sentits > nom 1, group
SentitThe collection of rules imposed by authority.
Sinònimllei
Categoria deJohn DoeAn unknown or fictitious man who is a party to legal proceedings
President del Tribunal SupremThe judge who presides over a supreme court
Richard RoeAn unknown or fictitious party to legal proceedings
Riot ActA former English law requiring mobs to disperse after a magistrate reads the law to them
absoldre, dispensar, excusar, indultar, perdonargrant a pardon / pardon to
absolució, exculpacióA judgment of not guilty
acció judicial, procediment judicial, resolució judicial, tràmit(law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked
acord escritA legal document summarizing the agreement between parties
acord judicial, sentència acordadaAn agreement between two parties that is sanctioned by the court
acta, escripturaA legal document signed and sealed / sealed and delivered to effect a transfer of property and to show the legal right to possess it
actaA legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body
acte, decret, sentènciaA legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge)
acte de compareixença, citació de compareixençaA summons that commands the appearance of a party at a proceeding
acte judicialA writ issued by a court of law requiring a person to do something or to refrain from doing something
actora, actor, demandant, querellantA person who brings an action in a court of law
acusada, acusat, demandatA person or institution against whom an action is brought in a court of law
administració judicialA court action that places property under the control of a receiver during litigation so that it can be preserved for the benefit of all
adopcióA legal proceeding that creates a parent-child relation between persons not related by blood
advertència de suspensió(law) a formal notice filed with a court or officer to suspend a proceeding until filer is given a hearing
advocacia, juristaThe body of individuals qualified to practice law in a particular jurisdiction
advocada, advocat, defensor, jurista, lletrat, picapletsA professional person authorized to practice law
advocat defensorA lawyer who pleads / pleads cases in court
advocat defensorThe lawyer representing the defendant
advocat dels pobres, advocat d'oficiA lawyer who represents indigent defendants at public expense
advocat divorcista, advocat matrimonialistaA lawyer specializing in actions for divorce or annulment
afidàvit, declaració juradawritten declaration made under oath
agent de la propietat immobiliària, conveyancerA lawyer who specializes in the business of conveying properties
alienabletransferable to another owner
alienacióAn order to an offending party to rid itself of property
alterable, commutable(of the punishment ordered by a court) capable of being changed to one less severe
al·legació, al·legat(law) a statement in legal and logical form stating something on behalf of a party to a legal proceeding
amicus curiaeAn adviser to the court on some matter of law who is not a party to the case
amnistia, indult, perdóThe formal act of liberating someone
amnistia, indult, perdóA warrant granting release from punishment for an offense
amnistiargrant a pardon / pardon to (a group of people)
amo, mestressa, propietària, propietari(law) someone who owns (is legal possessor of) a business
ancestral, hereditari, patrimonial, transmissibleinherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent
apel·lació(law) a legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting / granting of a new trial
apel·larmake an allegation in an action or other legal proceeding, especially answer the previous pleading of the other party by denying facts therein stated or by alleging new facts
atenuar, mitigar, pal·liar, remeiarlessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of
atestació, testificació, testimoniA solemn statement / statement made under oath
atestar, declarar, prestar, testificarGive testimony in a court of law
autorització, mandatA document giving an official instruction or command
bancarrota, fallida, insolvència definitivaA legal process intended to insure equality among the creditors of a corporation declared to be insolvent
banqueta(law) the seat for judges in a courtroom
benefici, ús(law) the exercise of the legal right to enjoy / enjoy the benefits of owning property
beneficiari(law) the party to whom something is assigned (e.g., someone to whom a right or property is legally transferred)
beneficiari(law) someone to whom a title or property is conveyed
bigàmiaHaving two spouses at the same time
boA certificate or voucher acknowledging a debt / debt
boda, connubi, enllaç, matrimoni, unióThe state of being a married couple voluntarily joined / joined for life (or until divorce)
bufet d'advocatsA firm of lawyers
carta d'administració, lletra d'administraciólegal document naming someone to administer an estate when no executor has been named
carta patent, patentAn official document granting a right or privilege
cas, causa, demanda, judici, litigi, pletA comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy
castigar, censurar, condemnar, damnar, sentenciarpronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law
causa, procésA judicial proceeding brought by one party against another
causa, procésThe institution and conduct of legal proceedings against a defendant for criminal behavior
causa probable(law) evidence sufficient to warrant an arrest or search / search and seizure
cedent(law) the party who makes an assignment
censar, registrarrecord in a public office or in a court of law
censura, condemna(law) the act of condemning (as land forfeited for public use) or judging / judging to be unfit for use (as a food product or an unsafe building)
certiorariA common ... / common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case
cesió(law) a transfer of property by deed of conveyance
cessióA grant made by a law court
cessiónThe instrument by which a claim or right or interest or property is transferred from one person to another
citacióA writ issued by authority of law
citació a dia cert, citacióA writ issued by court authority to compel the attendance of a witness at a judicial proceeding
ciutadaniaThe status of a citizen with rights and duties
clienta, clientA person who seeks the advice of a lawyer
coartada(law) a defense by an accused person purporting to show that he or she could not have committed the crime in question
codi de lleisA record of the whole body of legislation in a given jurisdiction
codi penalThe legal code governing crimes and their punishment
codicilA supplement to a will
commutació(law) the reduction in severity of a punishment imposed by law
compravenda, contracte de compravendadocument effecting a property transfer
condeman per estupre, condemna per violacióconviction for rape
condemna per assassinatconviction for murder
condemna per robatoriconviction for robbery
condemnar, declarar culpableFind or declare guilty
condició legal, estat legal, estatut jurídicA status defined by law
confiscació, embargplacing private property in the custody of an officer of the law
connivència, consentiment tàcit(law) tacit approval of someone's wrongdoing
constitució, llei fonamental, llei orgànicalaw determining the fundamental political principles of a government
constància, registreA document that can serve as legal evidence of a transaction
contracte de vendaA deed transferring personal property
contractista(law) a party to a contract
contrademanda, contradenúncia, reconvencióA claim filed in opposition to another claim in a legal action
contrademandaA suit brought against someone who has sued you
cos del delicteThe body of evidence that constitute the offence
còpia, transcripcióA reproduction of a written record (e.g. of a legal or school record)
decisió, part dispositiva, sentència(law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
decisióThe decision of a court on issues of fact or law
declaració(law) unsworn statement / statement that can be admitted in evidence in a legal transaction
declaració de drets, llei fonamentalA statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
declarar, demostrar, evidenciar, mostrar, presentar, prestar, provar, revelar, testificarProvide evidence for
defensaA defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him
deixa, llegat(law) a gift of personal property by will
delinqüència juvenilAn antisocial misdeed in violation of the law by a minor
demanda, querella(law) a formal accusation against somebody (often in a court of law)
demanda civil, juidici civilA lawsuit alleging violations / violations of civil law by the defendant
demanda col·lectivaA lawsuit brought by a representative member of a large / large / large group of people on behalf of all members of the group
demanda penal, judici penalA lawsuit alleging violations of criminal law by the defendant
demurral(law) a formal objection to an opponent's pleadings
denegació, sentència desestimatòriaA judgment disposing of the matter without a trial
departament de justícia, Justice, ministeri de justícia, Ministeri de JustíciaThe United States federal department responsible / responsible for enforcing federal laws / laws (including the enforcement of all civil rights legislation)
derivat financer, instrument derivatA financial instrument whose value is based on another security
desacatamentA willful disobedience to or disrespect for the authority of a court or legislative body
desallotjament, desnonamentThe expulsion of someone (such as a tenant / tenant) from the possession of land by process of law
descàrrecA legal document evidencing the discharge of a debt or obligation
desnonamentaction by a landlord that compels a tenant / tenant to leave the premises (as by rendering the premises unfit for occupancy)
detenció ilegal(law) confinement without legal authority
deure legalActs which the law requires be done or forborne
dictamenThe reason for a court's judgment (as opposed to the decision itself)
disculpa, pretext(law) a defendant's answer by a factual matter (as distinguished from a demurrer)
discutibleOf no legal significance (as having been previously decided)
disposició, manament, mandat, ordre, prescrit, requisitòria(law) a legal document issued by a court or judicial officer
divorciThe legal dissolution of a marriage
doctrina judicial(law) a principle underlying the formulation of jurisprudence
document jurídic, document legal, document oficial(law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right
domicili(law) the residence where you have your permanent home or principal establishment and to where, whenever you are absent, you intend to return
dretThe learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system
dret administratiuThe body of rules and regulations and orders and decisions created by administrative agencies of government
dret al silenci, privilegi(law) the right to refuse / refuse to divulge information obtained in a confidential relationship
dret civil, dret intern, dret nacionalThe body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation
dret d'entradaThe legal right to take possession of real estate in a peaceable manner
dret de deducció(banking) the legal right of a bank to seize deposited funds to cover a loan that is in default
dret de patentsThe right granted by a patent / patent
dret de visitaThe right granted by a court to a parent (or other relative) who is deprived of custody of a child to visit the child on a regular basis
dret humà, drets humans(law) any basic right or freedom to which all human beings are entitled and in whose exercise a government may not interfere (including rights ... / rights to life and liberty as well as freedom of thought and expression and equality before the law)
dret internacionalThe body of laws governing relations / relations between nations
dret marítimThe branch of international law that deals with territorial and international waters or with shipping or with ocean fishery etc.
dret mercantilThe body of rules applied to commercial transactions
dret militarThe body of laws and rules of conduct administered by military courts for the discipline, trial, and punishment of military personnel
dret públicA law affecting the public at large
dret subjectiuRight granted by law or contract (especially a right to benefits)
dret tributariThe body of laws governing taxation
drets civilsRight or rights belonging to a person by reason of citizenship including especially the fundamental freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the 13th and 14th amendments and subsequent acts of Congress including the right to legal and social and economic equality
embargament de béns immoblesA writ authorizing the seizure of property that may be needed for the payment of a judgment in a judicial proceeding
embargament de nòminaA court order to an employer to withhold all or part of an employee's wages and to send the money to the court or to the person who won a lawsuit against the employee
empresonamentputting someone in prison or in jail as lawful / lawful / lawful punishment
empresonar, encarcerar, engarjolarlock up or confine, in or as in a jail
enjoinment, injunció(law) a judicial remedy issued in order to prohibit a party from doing or continuing to do a certain activity
entregar, lliurar, presentar, rendir, retornar, retre, tornarmake over as a return
escriptura de propietatA legal document proving a person's right to property
escriptura de renúnciadocument transferring title or right or claim to another
escriptura fiduciàriaA written instrument legally conveying property to a trustee often used to secure an obligation such as a mortgage or promissory note
essencialDefining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established
estat civilThe condition of being married or unmarried
estatut, legislació, lleiAn act passed by a legislative body
evidència, prova(law) all the means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved
excepcióAn answer indicating why a suit should be dismissed
exercici del dretThe practice of law
fbi, F.B.I., FBIA federal law enforcement agency that is the principal investigative arm of the Department of Justice
fiscalA government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state
fonament, lògica, principi, raonament(law) an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially an explanation of the working of some device in terms of laws of nature)
fungibleOf goods or commodities
gran, major d'edat, més granOf full legal age
gran juratA jury to inquire into accusations of crime and to evaluate the grounds for indictments
greuge, tort(law) any wrongdoing for which an action for damages may be brought
habeas corpusA writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge
herència, heretat, llegat, patrimoniThat which is inherited
inalterableOf a sentence
indegutnot appropriate or proper (or even legal) in the circumstances
infeudacióUnder the feudal system, the deed by which a person was given land in exchange for a pledge of service
inhabilitacióThe act of expelling a lawyer from the practice of law
interdiccióA court order prohibiting a party from doing a certain activity
interdicte permanentinjunction issued on completion of a trial
intervenció(law) a proceeding that permits a person to enter into a lawsuit already in progress
interventor(law) a party who interposes in a pending proceeding
interès, participació(law) a right or legal share of something
interès personal(law) an interest in which there is a fixed right to present or future enjoyment and that can be conveyed to another
intestatHaving made no legally valid will before death or not disposed of by a legal will
invalidació(law) a formal termination (of a relationship or a judicial proceeding etc)
invàlid, nullacking any legal or binding force
ius sanguinis, jus sanguinisThe principle that a person's nationality at birth is the same as that of his natural parents
ius soli, jus soliThe principle that a person's nationality at birth is determined by the place of birth
judici, procés(law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law
judici sumariA judgment rendered by the court prior to a verdict because no material issue of fact exists and one party or the other is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law
juici declaratiuA judgment pronounced on the status of some particular subject / subject or property or thing (as opposed to one pronounced on persons)
jurisconsult, jurisperit, juristaA legal scholar versed in civil law or the law of nations
jurisdicció(law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law
jutge de pauA local magistrate with limited powers
jutge procesalA judge in a trial court
legalitzacióThe act of making lawful / lawful
legislacióThe act of making or enacting laws
legislaciólaw enacted by a legislative body
legislació delegadalegislation that gives appropriate officials the authority to implement or enforce the law
legisladorsomeone who makes or enacts laws
legisladorA maker of laws
libelA false / false and malicious publication printed for the purpose of defaming a living person
liquidador(law) a person (usually appointed by a court of law) who liquidates assets or preserves them for the benefit of affected parties
litigació, litigiA legal proceeding in a court
litigant(law) a party to a lawsuit
litispendènciaA pending lawsuit
lleilegal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity
llei de descans dominicalA statute regulating work on Sundays
llei de prevenció de riscos laboralsA law passed by the United States Congress that created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration to prevent employees from being injured or contracting diseases in the course of their employment
llei del mercat de valorsThe body of laws governing the issuance and selling of securities
llei marcialThe body of law imposed by the military over civilian affairs (usually in time of war or civil crisis)
llei sobre droguesA law forbidding the sale or use of narcotic drugs
llibertat condicional(law) a way of dealing with offenders without imprisoning them
llibertat de culteA civil right guaranteed by the First Amendment to the US Constitution
llicència, permísA legal document giving official permission to do something
manament d'execucióA routine court order that attempts to enforce the judgment that has been granted to a plaintiff by authorizing a sheriff to carry it out
mandamusAn extraordinary writ commanding an official to perform a ministerial act that the law recognizes as an absolute duty and not a matter for the official's discretion
mandat, poder, poder notarial, procuració, procuraA legal instrument authorizing someone to act as the grantor's agent
manifestA customs document listing the contents put on a ship or plane
menor, més petitnot of legal age
mens rea, traïdoria(law) criminal intent
messuage(law) a dwelling house and its adjacent buildings and the adjacent land used by the household
ministre de justíciaThe chief law officer of a country or state
multaA summons issued to an offender (especially to someone who violates a traffic regulation)
naturalitzacióThe proceeding whereby a foreigner is granted citizenship
notariA British lawyer who gives legal advice and prepares legal documents
notarisomeone legally empowered to witness signatures and certify a document's validity and to take depositions
notificacióAn accusation of crime made by a grand jury on its own initiative
novació(law) the replacement of one obligation by another by mutual agreement of both parties
obiter dictumAn opinion voiced by a judge on a point of law not directly bearing on the case in question and therefore / therefore not binding
objecció(law) a procedure whereby a party to a suit says that a particular line of questioning or a particular witness or a piece of evidence or other matter is improper and should not be continued and asks the court to rule on its impropriety or illegality
obstrucció(law) a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation / legislation by making long speeches
ordre, ordre policialA writ from a court commanding police to perform specified acts
ordre d'arrest, ordre de detencióA warrant authorizing law enforcement officials to apprehend an offender and bring that person to court
ordre d'execucióA warrant to execute the death sentence
ordre de registreA warrant authorizing law enforcement officials to search for objects or people involved in the commission of a crime and to produce them in court
ordre de segrestA writ that authorizes the seizure of property
ordre preliminar de divorciA decree issued on a first petition for divorce
palau de justíciaA building that houses judicial courts
paralegalA person with specialized training who assists lawyers
paranyA defense that claims the defendant would not have broken the law if not tricked into doing it by law enforcement officials
partA person involved in legal proceedings
passaportA document issued by a country to a citizen allowing that person to travel abroad and re-enter the home country
precedentA system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws
presentació(law) the act of exhibiting in a court of law
probatoripertaining to or constituting evidence
procediment judicial, tutela judicial(law) the administration of justice according to established rules and principles
processal, processualRelating to court practice and procedure as opposed to the principles of law
procuradorA lawyer who specializes in defending clients before a court of law
procurador dels tribunalsA British or Canadian lawyer who speaks in the higher courts of law on behalf of either the defense or prosecution
projecte de lleiA statute in draft before it becomes law
promulgador(law) one who promulgates laws (announces a law as a way of putting it into execution)
proves indirectesevidence providing only a basis for inference about the fact in dispute
rapte, segrest(law) the unlawful / unlawful / unlawful act of capturing and carrying away a person against their will and holding them in false imprisonment
recognisance(law) a security entered into before a court with a condition to perform some act required by law
recurs(law) a judicial reexamination of the proceedings of a court (especially by an appellate court)
recusació(law) the disqualification of a judge or jury by reason of prejudice or conflict of interest
recusació(law) an objection grounded on the judge's relationship to one of the parties
recusarchallenge or except to a judge as being incompetent or interested, in canon and civil law
recusarRaise a formal objection in a court of law
recusardisqualify oneself (as a judge) in a particular case
regla que requereix prova(law) a rule of law whereby any alleged matter of fact that is submitted for investigation at a judicial trial is established or disproved
repregunta(law) close questioning of a hostile witness in a court of law to discredit or throw a new light on the testimony already provided in direct examination
representació legalpersonal representation that has legal status
representant legalA personal representative with legal standing (as by power of attorney or the executor of a will)
rescissió(law) the act of rescinding
reversionariOf or relating to or involving a reversion (especially a legal reversion)
revisió judicialreview by a court of law of actions of a government official or entity or of some other legally appointed person or body or the review by an appellate court of the decision of a trial court
revocacióA judgment by a higher court that the judgment of a lower court was incorrect and should be set aside
sala de justícia, tribunalA room in which a lawcourt sits
sedicióAn illegal action inciting resistance / resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government
sentènciaThe legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision
sentència generalAn ordinary verdict declaring which party prevails without any special findings of fact
separació jurídica, separació legalA judicial decree regulating the rights and responsibilities of a married couple living apart
separació legal(law) the cessation of cohabitation of man and wife (either by mutual agreement / agreement or under a court order)
servitud(law) the privilege of using something that is not your own (as using another's land as a right of way to your own land)
sistema electoralA legal system for making democratic choices
subrogació(law) the act of substituting of one creditor for another
sufragiA legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US Constitution
testament, voluntatA legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die
testimoni(law) a person who testifies under oath in a court of law
testimoni(law) a person who attests to the genuineness of a document or signature by adding their own signature
toc de quedaAn order that after a specific time certain activities (as being outside on the streets) are prohibited
topadaAn unpremeditated killing of a human being in self defense
tribunal militarA judicial court of commissioned officers for the discipline and punishment of military personnel
tribunal superiorAny court that has jurisdiction above an inferior court
tribunal supremThe highest court in most states of the United States
tutor legalA person (or institution) to whom legal title to property is entrusted to use for another's benefit
unió civilA voluntary union for life (or until divorce) of adult parties of the same sex
usdefruitA legal right to use and derive profit from property belonging to someone else provided that the property itself is not injured in any way
venire(law) a group of people summoned for jury service (from whom a jury will be chosen)
veredicte(law) the findings of a jury on issues of fact submitted to it for decision
verificarattach or append a legal verification to (a pleading or petition)
violacióA statutory offense that provides that it is a crime to knowingly cause another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act by force or threat
vista(law) a proceeding (usually by a court) where evidence is taken for the purpose of determining an issue of fact and reaching a decision based on that evidence
Partslleilegal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity
Específicdret administratiuThe body of rules and regulations and orders and decisions created by administrative agencies of government
dret canònicThe body of codified laws governing the affairs of a Christian church
dret civil, dret intern, dret nacionalThe body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation
dret internacionalThe body of laws governing relations / relations between nations
dret mercantilThe body of rules applied to commercial transactions
dret militarThe body of laws and rules of conduct administered by military courts for the discipline, trial, and punishment of military personnel
dret tributariThe body of laws governing taxation
llei del mercat de valorsThe body of laws governing the issuance and selling of securities
llei islàmica, xara, xariaThe code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed
llei marcialThe body of law imposed by the military over civilian affairs (usually in time of war or civil crisis)
precedentA system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws
Generalacumulació, arreplec, col·lecció, conjunt, cúmulSeveral things grouped together or considered as a whole
Anglèslaw, jurisprudence
Espanyoljurisprudencia, ley
AdjectiusjurisprudencialOf or relating to jurisprudence
Nomsjurisconsult, jurisperit, juristaA legal scholar versed in civil law or the law of nations
justícia, jutge, magistrat, togatA public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
Català > jurisprudència: 2 sentits > nom 2, cognition
SentitThe branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do.
Específicdret contractualThat branch of jurisprudence that studies the rights and obligations of parties entering into contracts
dret empresarialThat branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing corporations
dret matrimonialThat branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing matrimony
Generalfilosofía, filosofiaThe rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
Anglèsjurisprudence, law, legal philosophy
Espanyolciencias del derecho, derecho, jurisprudencia
Adjectiusjurisprudencialrelating to the science or philosophy of law or a system of laws
Nomsjurisconsult, jurisperit, juristaA legal scholar versed in civil law or the law of nations
justícia, jutge, magistrat, togatA public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice

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