HyperDic: genètica

Català > 1 sentit de la paraula genètica:
NOMcognitiongenèticathe branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
Català > genètica: 1 sentit > nom 1, cognition
SentitThe branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms.
Categoria deal·lel, al·lelomorf, allelomorph(genetics) either of a pair (or series) of alternative forms of a gene that can occupy the same locus on a particular chromosome and that control the same character
cistrón, gen(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain
cosmidi, cosmid(genetics) a large vector that is made from a bacteriophage and used to clone genes or gene fragments
diploideOf a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
diploide(genetics) an organism or cell having the normal amount of DNA per cell
dominant(of genes) producing the same phenotype whether its allele is identical or dissimilar / dissimilar
encreuament, hibridació(genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids
encreuament, híbrid(genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar / dissimilar parents or stock
expressió(genetics) the process of expressing a gene
haploide, monoploideOf a cell or organism having a single set of chromosomes
haploide(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
haplotip(genetics) a combination of alleles (for different genes) that are located closely together on the same chromosome and that tend to be inherited together
herència(genetics) attributes acquired via biological heredity from the parents
heterosi, heterosis(genetics) the tendency of a crossbred organism to have qualities superior to those of either parent
heterozigot(genetics) an organism having two different alleles of a particular gene and so giving rise to varying offspring
homozigot(genetics) an organism having two identical alleles of a particular gene and so breeding true for the particular characteristic
meiosi, miosi(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms
mutació(genetics) any event that changes genetic structure
parentalDesignating the generation of organisms from which hybrid offspring are produced
poligènicOf or relating to an inheritable character that is controlled by several genes at once
poliploideOf a cell or organism having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes
poliploide, poliploïdia(genetics) an organism or cell having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes
transcripció(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA
translocació(genetics) an exchange of chromosome parts
zigot(genetics) the diploid cell resulting from the union of a haploid spermatozoon and ovum (including the organism that develops from that cell)
EspecíficcitogenèticaThe branch of biology that studies the cellular aspects of heredity (especially the chromosomes)
genètica molecularThe branch of genetics concerned with the structure and activity of genetic material at the molecular level
genòmicaThe branch of genetics that studies organisms in terms of their genomes (their full DNA sequences)
proteòmicaThe branch of genetics that studies the full set of proteins encoded by a genome
GeneralbiologiaThe science that studies living organisms
Anglèsgenetics, genetic science
AdjectiusgenèticOf or relating to the science of genetics
NomsgenetistaA biologist who specializes in genetics

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