HyperDic: filòsof

Català > 1 sentit de la paraula filòsof:
NOMperson filòsofa specialist in philosophy
Català > filòsof: 1 sentit > nom 1, person
SentitA specialist in philosophy.
Categoriafilosofía, filosofiaThe rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
EspècimensAbelard, Pere Abelard, Pierre AbélardFrench philosopher and theologian
Albert Schweitzer, SchweitzerFrench philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary / missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
Alfred North Whitehead, WhiteheadEnglish philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (1861-1947)
Anaximandre de MiletA presocratic Greek philosopher and student of Thales who believed the universal substance to be infinity rather than something resembling ordinary objects (611-547 BC)
AnaxàgoresA presocratic Athenian philosopher who maintained that everything is composed of very small particles that were arranged by some eternal intelligence (500-428 BC)
AnaxímenesA presocratic Greek philosopher and associate of Anaximander who believed that all things are made of air in different degrees of density / density (6th century BC)
Aristòtel, AristotleOne of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers
Arthur Schopenhauer, SchopenhauerGerman pessimist philosopher (1788-1860)
Auguste ComteFrench philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism
AverroesArabian philosopher born in Spain
AvicenaArabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher
Bacon, Francis Bacon, Sir Francis BaconEnglish statesman and philosopher
Baruch de Spinoza, SpinozaDutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
Bergson, Henri Bergson, Henri Louis BergsonFrench philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)
Berkeley, George BerkeleyIrish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, Bertrand Russell, RussellEnglish philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)
Blaise Pascal, PascalFrench mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist
Bruno, Giordano BrunoItalian philosopher who used Copernican principles to develop a pantheistic monistic philosophy
Charles Franklin Peirce, Charles Peirce, Charles Sanders Peirce, PeirceUnited States philosopher and logician
Cleantesancient Greek philosopher who succeeded Zeno of Citium as the leader of the Stoic school (300-232 BC)
Condorcet, Nicolas de CondorcetFrench mathematician and philosopher (1743-1794)
Confucio, K'ung Fu TzuChinese philosopher whose ideas / ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
David HartleyEnglish philosopher who introduced the theory of the association / association of ideas (1705-1757)
David Hume, HumeScottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)
Demòcrit, DemocritusGreek philosopher who developed an atomistic theory of matter (460-370 BC)
Denis Diderot, DiderotFrench philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France
Derrida, Jacques DerridaFrench philosopher and critic (born in Algeria)
Descartes, Rene DescartesFrench philosopher and mathematician
Dewey, John DeweyUnited States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)
DiògenesAn ancient Greek philosopher and Cynic who rejected social conventions (circa 400-325 BC)
Dugald Stewart, StewartScottish philosopher and follower of Thomas Reid (1753-1828)
Edmund Husserl, HusserlGerman philosopher who developed phenomenology (1859-1938)
EmpèdoclesGreek philosopher who taught that all matter is composed of particles of fire and water and air and earth (fifth century BC)
Epictet d'HieràpolisGreek philosopher who was a Stoic (circa 50-130)
Epicur, Epicuro, EpicurusGreek philosopher who believed that the world is a random combination of atoms and that pleasure is the highest good (341-270 BC)
Ernst CassirerGerman philosopher concerned with concept formation in the human mind and with symbolic forms in human culture generally (1874-1945)
Ernst MachAustrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, Nietzscheinfluential German philosopher remembered for his concept of the superman and for his rejection of Christian values
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, HegelGerman philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)
George Edward Moore, MooreEnglish philosopher (1873-1958)
George Herbert MeadUnited States philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931)
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Leibnitz, LeibnizGerman philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)
HaeckelGerman biologist and philosopher
Hannah ArendtUnited States historian and political philosopher (born in Germany) (1906-1975)
HeraclitusA presocratic Greek philosopher who said that fire is the origin / origin of all things and that permanence is an illusion as all things are in perpetual flux (circa 500 BC)
Herbert MarcuseUnited States political philosopher (born in Germany) concerned about the dehumanizing effects of capitalism and modern technology (1898-1979)
Herbert Spencer, SpencerEnglish philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies (1820-1903)
Herder, Johann Gottfried von HerderGerman philosopher who advocated intuition over reason (1744-1803)
Hipatia, HypatiaGreek philosopher and astronomer
Hobbes, Thomas HobbesEnglish materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
Immanuel Kant, Kantinfluential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804)
James, William JamesUnited States pragmatic philosopher and psychologist (1842-1910)
James MillScottish philosopher who expounded Bentham's utilitarianism
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, RousseauFrench philosopher and writer born in Switzerland
Jeremy BenthamEnglish philosopher and jurist
Johann Friedrich HerbartGerman philosopher (1776-1841)
John Locke, LockeEnglish empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
John Stuart MillEnglish philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)
Karl Marx, Marxfounder of modern communism
KierkegaardDanish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813-1855)
Lao-tse, LaoziChinese philosopher regarded as the founder of Taoism (6th century BC)
Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Seneca, Séneca, SènecaRoman statesman and philosopher who was an advisor to Nero
LucreciRoman philosopher and poet
Ludwig Wittgenstein, WittgensteinBritish philosopher born in Austria
Machiavelli, MaquiavelA statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)
MalebrancheFrench philosopher (1638-1715)
Martin BuberIsraeli religious philosopher (born in Austria)
MontesquieuFrench political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
Occam, OckhamEnglish scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)
Ortega y GassetSpanish philosopher who advocated leadership / leadership by an intellectual elite (1883-1955)
OrígenesGreek philosopher and theologian who reinterpreted Christian doctrine through the philosophy of Neoplatonism
Oswald SpenglerGerman philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936)
Parmènides d'EleaA presocratic Greek philosopher born in Italy
Pierre Teilhard de ChardinFrench paleontologist and philosopher (1881-1955)
PitàgoresGreek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem
Plato, Platóancient Athenian philosopher
PlotíRoman philosopher (born in Egypt) who was the leading representative of Neoplatonism (205-270)
Quine, Willard Van Orman QuineUnited States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)
Rabindranath Tagore, TagoreIndian writer and philosopher whose poetry (based on traditional Hindu themes) pioneered the use of colloquial Bengali (1861-1941)
Ralph Barton PerryUnited States philosopher (1876-1957)
Reid, Thomas ReidScottish philosopher of common sense who opposed the ideas of David Hume (1710-1796)
Rudolf Steiner, SteinerAustrian philosopher who founded anthroposophy (1861-1925)
Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanIndian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)
Simone WeilFrench philosopher (1909-1943)
Socrates, Sòcratesancient Athenian philosopher
Tales de Milet, Thales, Thales of MiletusA presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science
Xenòfanes de ColofóGreek philosopher (560-478 BC)
Zenó d'Eleaancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)
Zenó de Cítionancient Greek philosopher who founded the Stoic school (circa 335-263 BC)
EspecíficKarl Popper, PopperBritish philosopher (born in Austria) who argued that scientific theories can never be proved to be true, but are tested by attempts to falsify them (1902-1994)
eclècticsomeone who selects according to the eclectic method
empiristaA philosopher who subscribes to empiricism
esteta, esteticistaA philosopher who specializes in the nature of beauty
estoicA member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno
existencialistaA philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
ioguiOne who practices yoga and has achieved a high level of spiritual insight
llibertarisomeone who believes the doctrine of free will
moralistaA philosopher who specializes in morals and moral problems
nativisme, nativistaA philosopher who subscribes to nativism
realistaA philosopher who believes that universals are real and exist independently of anyone thinking of them
transcendentalistaadvocate of transcendentalism
Generalerudit, estudiant, estudiósA learned person (especially in the humanities)
Espanyolfilósofa, filósofo
AdjectiusfilosòficOf or relating to philosophy or philosophers
Nomsfilosofía, filosofiaThe rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics

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